The Hindu Vocabulary 31 July 2022 and 1 August 2022

2022-08-01

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial of 31 July 2022 and 1 August 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Tumbling skeletons: On Partha Chatterjee arrest and Trinamool’s woes.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Tumbling

Verb

(typically of a person) fall suddenly, clumsily, or headlong.

(गिरना)

Drop, Fall, Plunge, Dive, Slump, Topple, Stumble

Rise, Up, Raise, Above, Ascend

He tumbled on the stairs and got hurt.

Woes

Noun

Suffering

(संकट)

Adversity, Anguish, Calamity, Burden, Agony

Advantage, Assistance, Aid, Benefit

I can’t explain my woes to anyone.

Sacking

Noun

an act of dismissal from employment or an office/ sack filling

(बर्खास्त करना/ बोरा भरने का कार्य)

Elimination, Eradication, Abolition, Bane, Mischief, Ravaging, Wrapping

-

There were abrupt sackings at our company in the last few days.

Dispensation

Noun


exemption from a rule or usual requirement.

(छूट)

the action of distributing or supplying something.

(वितरण)

a system of order, government, or organization of a nation, community, etc., especially as existing at a particular time.

(व्यवस्था)

Disbursement, Allotment, Award, Conferment, Distribution, Administration, Economy, Plan

Disorganisation, Denial, Veto, Disfavor, Whole, Responsibility

The RBI has asked UCBs to lay down guidelines for credit dispensation.

Vortex

Noun

a whirling mass of fluid or air, especially a whirlpool or whirlwind.

(चक्रवात)

Whirlwind, Whirlpool, Gyre, Swirl, Swirling

-

Our ship was sucked down into the vortex during the storm.

Closet

Verb


shut (someone) away, especially in private conference or study.

(बंद करना)

Cage, Coop, Encase, Enclose, Fence, House, Hedge

-

My professor closeted me after the class was over.

Noun

an apartment or small room for privacy

(कोठरी)

Cupboard, Pantry, Press, Cabinet, Room, Vault

 

Noah’s parents asked her to come out of the closet and have lunch with them.

Adjective

Secret

(गुप्त)

 

 

Tarush is a closet chain smoker.

Seize

Verb

To take possession of something.

To possess by force.

To grab forcibly.

To resort to a plan.

To grasp mentally.

To take hold of something.

(पकड़ना/ पकड़ लेना/ छीनना / रोक लगाना)

Catch, Snatch, Appropriate, Clasp, Ambush, Annex, Apprehend, Arrest

Free, Give, Loosen, Reject, Offer, Release, Surrender, Lose

Before the terrorists could seize the hotel, the army arrived.  

Portfolios

Noun


a range of investments held by a person or organization/ the position and duties of a minister of state or a member of a cabinet.

(किसी व्यक्ति या संगठन द्वारा किये गए निवेश / राज्य के मंत्री का पद)

Bolster, Hold, Reinforce, Uphold

Undermine, Weaken, Drop, Fall

We have to consider many investment portfolios before making the final decision.

Weathered

Adjective

worn by long exposure to the atmosphere; weather-beaten

(रूपरेखा/ ढांचा/ तंत्र/ बनावट/ चौखटा)

Battered, Damaged, Decayed, Trite, Aged, Hoary, Hardened, Qualified, Skillful

Ignorant, Inexperienced, Unable, Inept, Untalented, Unskilled

The child denied to play with the weathered football.

Allegation

Noun

An assertion made with little or no proof.

(आरोप)

Accusation, Charge, Claim, Plea

Exculpation, Denial

Shaun made allegations against the doctor for his medical condition.

Functionary

Noun

A person who functions in a specified capacity.

(पदाधिकारी)

Assistant, Broker, Commissioner, Lawyer

-

Ramesh was BJP’s party functionary during the political campaign.

Relief

Noun

A means that relieves pain or distress.

(राहत)

Cheer, Comfort, Consolation, Solace, Alleviation, Happiness

Hindrance, Hurt, Injury, Stop

I had a sigh of relief when my order arrived.

Matriarch

Noun


a woman who is the head of a family or tribe.

(कुलमाता)

Matron, Ruler, Queen, Dowager, Dignified woman

Patriarch

She protected her family from grave danger like a strong matriarch.

Enormous

Adjective

Tremendous in Size or Volume.

(विशाल/ महाकाय/ बृहत्काय)

Colossal, Gigantic, Huge, Large, Immense, Mammoth, Massive 

Common, Dwarfed, Little, Tiny, Bantam, Infinitesimal, Lilliputian, Micro Miniature

We need an enormous amount of heat to melt this object.

Despite

Preposition

In spite of

(इसके बावजूद)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

The child kept on crying despite being given what he asked for.

Noun

The feeling of despising someone or insulting.

(विरोध)

Contempt, Contemptuousness, Disdain, Misprision

Respect, Regard, Favour, Estimation

The board members made me feel despite.

Recruitment

Noun

The process of recruiting.

The process of adding new individuals to a population by growth, immigration, and stocking.

The action of enlisting new people in the armed forces.

(भर्ती)

Business, Contracting, Enrollment, Hiring, Job, Service, Trade, Exercising, Exertion, Field, Function, Enrollment, Draft, Levy, Admission, Enlistment

Fun, Unemployment, Avocation, Entertainment, Hobby, Pastime, Recreation, Surrender, Blackballing, Conclusion, Disagreement, Exit, Refusal

Our company is conducting a recruitment drive this weekend.

 

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