The Hindu Vocabulary 3 October 2023

2023-10-03

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 3 October 2023 is from the Editorial titled “Victory for the weak: On justice and the Vachathi verdict"

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Witness

 Verb, Noun

Verb: To see or observe an event, typically as a bystander or participant

Noun: A person who observes or attests to something.

(साक्षी)

Observe, See, View, Watch, Behold, Attend, Perceive, Notice, Glimpse, Detect

Ignore, Overlook, Miss, Neglect, Disregard, Blind, Unsee, Unnotice, Unwitnessed, Unobserved

She was a witness to the accident and provided a statement to the police.

Brutal

 Adjective

Extremely violent, cruel, or harsh; lacking in mercy or compassion.

(बर्बर)

Savage, Ruthless, Vicious, Cruel, Inhuman, Barbaric, Merciless, Fierce, Ferocious, Harsh

Gentle, Kind, Compassionate, Merciful, Mild, Humane, Tender, Soft, Benevolent, Caring

The brutal treatment of prisoners in that facility shocked the international community.

Reinforce

 Verb

To strengthen or make something stronger, often by adding support, emphasis, or additional resources.

(मज़बूत करना)

Strengthen, Bolster, Fortify, Support, Enhance, Solidify, Consolidate, Boost, Sustain, Augment

Weaken, Undermine, Debilitate, Erode, Diminish, Reduce, Dilute, Disempower, Decrease, Subdue

Additional steel beams were added to reinforce the bridge's structure.

Pivotal

 Adjective

Of crucial importance or significance; acting as the central point or essential element.

(महत्वपूर्ण)

Critical, Vital, Crucial, Essential, Key, Fundamental, Central, Paramount, Decisive, Significant

Insignificant, Minor, Unimportant, Trivial, Irrelevant, Nonessential, Peripheral, Negligible, Indispensable, Ordinary

His pivotal role in the project's success cannot be overstated.

Idyllic

 Adjective

Extremely pleasant, peaceful, or picturesque, often associated with a perfect rural setting.

(सुखद)

Picturesque, Charming, Tranquil, Serene, Heavenly, Scenic, Bucolic, Delightful, Peaceful, Quaint

Chaotic, Unpleasant, Hectic, Unsettled, Disturbed, Harsh, Ugly, Turbulent, Stressful, Disordered

The small cottage by the lake provided an idyllic getaway from the city's hustle and bustle.

Convergence

 Noun

The act of coming together or meeting at a common point; the process of becoming more similar or alike.

(संमिलन)

Meeting, Union, Intersection, Merging, Joining, Confluence, Integration, Alignment, Harmony, Assimilation

Divergence, Separation, Disconnection, Disagreement, Disunity, Discord, Isolation, Diversion, Deviation, Disjunction

The convergence of various factors led to the success of the project.

Hoarding

 Verb

The act of accumulating and storing an excessive amount of something, often to the detriment of others; also, a large advertising billboard.

(जमाखोरी)

Stockpiling, Accumulation, Storing, Amassing, Collection, Gathering, Piling, Stash, Reserve, Accumulating

Sharing, Distributing, Dispersing, Giving, Altruism, Generosity, Donation, Dispensing, Scattering, Dissemination

The hoarding of essential supplies during the crisis created shortages for those in need.

Conduit

 Noun

A channel or pipe used to convey water or other fluid substances; a means of transmitting or conveying something.

(नाली)

Channel, Pipe, Tube, Duct, Passage, Pipeline, Watercourse, Conveyance, Vent, Sewer

Blockage, Obstruction, Barrier, Stoppage, Clog, Impediment, Hindrance, Halt, Restraint, Interruption

The conduit carried water from the reservoir to the fields for irrigation.

Unprecedented

Adjective

Never before seen or experienced; without previous example; exceptional or remarkable.

(अद्वितीय)

Unparalleled, Extraordinary, Unique, Incomparable, Novel, Exceptional, Singular, Phenomenal, Groundbreaking, Revolutionary

Common, Ordinary, Typical, Usual, Conventional, Routine, Normal, Standard, Familiar, Predictable

The response to the new product was unprecedented, with customers lining up for hours to purchase it.

Impunity

Noun

Exemption from punishment or freedom from the consequences of one's actions, often due to lack of accountability or legal immunity.

(दण्डमुक्ति)

Immunity, Exemption, Dispensation, Amnesty, Freedom from punishment, Privilege, License, Protection, Blank check, Unrestrained

Accountability, Punishment, Consequences, Responsibility, Liability, Obligation, Restitution, Justice, Repercussions, Penalties

Corruption in the government had allowed many officials to act with impunity, escaping punishment for their crimes.

Inequities

 Noun

Unfairness or injustices, often related to unequal distribution of resources or opportunities.

(असमानता)

Disparities, Discrepancies, Imbalances, Injustices, Inequalities, Unfairness, Discrimination, Bias, Prejudice, Unjustness

Fairness, Equality, Equity, Justice, Parity, Balance, Evenness, Impartiality, Neutrality, Sameness

Efforts to address social inequities require policy changes and awareness.

 

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