List of Home Ministers of India
The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) is a ministry of the Government of India. The Ministry is headed by a Cabinet-ranked Minister who reports directly to the Prime Minister. The Home Minister is responsible for maintaining internal security and domestic policy.
Home Secretary is the administrative head of the Ministry of Home Affairs. Chiefs of CAPFs, NIA, and IB report directly to the Home Minister. The Union Home Secretary gives advice to Union Home Minister on matters of policy formation.
List of Home Ministers of India
The current Home Minister of India is Amit Shah, who assumed office on May 30, 2019. Here is the list of all home ministers of India to date.
- Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel: 15 August 1947- 12 December 1950
- Jawaharlal Nehru: 12 December 1950- 26 December 1950
- C. Rajagopalachari: 26 December 1950 - October 25 1951
- Kailash Nath Katju: 5 November 1951 - 10 January 1955
- G. B. Pant: 10 January 1955 - 25 February 1961
- Lal Bahadur Shastri: 25 February 1961- 1 September 1963
- Gulzarilal Nanda: 1 September 1963- 9 November 1966
- Indira Gandhi: 9 November 1966 - 13 November 1966
- Yashwantrao Chavan: 14 November 1966 – 27 June 1970
- Indira Gandhi: 27 June 1970 – 4 February 1973
- Uma Shankar Dikshit: 4 February 1973 - 10 October 1974
- Kasu Brahmananda Reddy: 10 October 1974- 24 March 1977
- Charan Singh: 24 March 1977 – 1 July 1978
- Morarji Desai: 1 July 1978 – 28 July 1979
- Yashwantrao Chavan: 28 July 1979- July 28 1979
- Giani Zail Singh: 14 January 1980 – 22 June 1982
- Ramaswamy Venkataraman: 22 June 1982 - 02 September 1982
- Prakash Chandra Sethi: 02 September 1982 – 19 July 1984
- P. V. Narasimha Rao: 19 July 1984 - 31 December 1984
- Shankarrao Chavan: 31 December 1984 – 12 March 1986
- P. V. Narasimha Rao: 12 March 1986 - 12 May 1986
- Sardar Buta Singh: 12 May 1986 – 2 December 1989
- Mufti Mohammad Sayeed: 2 December 1989 – 10 November 1990
- Chandra Shekhar: 10 November 1990 – 21 June 1991
- Shankarrao Chavan: 21 June 1991 – 16 May 1996
- Murli ManoharJoshi: 16 May 1996 – 1 June 1996
- H. D. Deve Gowda: 1 June 1996- 29 June 1996
- Indrajit Gupta: 29 June 1996 – 19 March 1998
- Lal Krishna Advani: 19 March 1998 – 22 May 2004
- Shivraj Patil: 22 May 2004 – 30 November 2008
- P. Chidambaram: 30 November 2008 – 31 July 2012
- Sushilkumar Shinde: 31 July 2012 – 26 May 2014
- Rajnath Singh: 27 May 2014 – 29 May 2019
- Amit Shah: 30 May 2019 - Incumbent
Responsibilities of Home Minister of India
The Home Minister of India is responsible for maintaining law and order, internal security, and domestic policy within the country.
The Home Minister is responsible for ensuring the safety and security of citizens within the country. This includes the maintenance of law and order and the prevention and control of communal and sectarian violence.
The Home Minister oversees the management of India's international borders, including border security, immigration, and the prevention of smuggling and illegal border crossings.
The Ministry of Home Affairs oversees the Indian Police Service (IPS) and other central police organizations such as CRPF, CISF, BSF and other UT police forces. Ministry of Home Affairs issues appropriate advisories, shares intelligence inputs, and extends manpower and financial support, guidance and expertise to the State Governments for maintenance of security, peace and harmony without encroaching upon the constitutional rights of the States.
The Home Minister is responsible for coordinating intelligence activities between the various intelligence agencies and ensuring the protection of national security.
The Home Minister is responsible for coordinating the government's response to natural disasters and other emergencies and ensuring the country's preparedness and readiness to respond to such events.
Jammu and Kashmir and the Northeastern States
The Ministry of Home Affairs is responsible for the administration of the Union Territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh, and it also handles the special issues related to the northeastern states of India, which include insurgency and ethnic conflict.
Citizenship and Immigration
The Ministry of Home Affairs is responsible for issues related to citizenship and immigration, including the granting of citizenship, the regulation of foreign citizens within India, and the management of passport and visa services.
Home Affairs and Other issues
The Home Minister is responsible for other issues related to internal affairs, such as the administration of prisons, the management of the Indian Census, and the protection of civil rights.
List of Departments of Home Ministry
- Department of Border Management
- Department of Internal Security
- Department of Jammu, Kashmir, and Ladakh Affairs
- Department of Home
- Department of Official Language
- Department of States
The list of Home Ministers of India, list of Defence Ministers of India, and list of Finance Ministers of India are good to read as these three are the most important cabinet ministers in India and important for exams also.