List of Important Days in August
General Awareness section is one of the important section in any competitive exam. The static part of General Knowledge weighs more than 50% of the General Awareness section. Therefore, one has to focus on its various sub-topics and Important Days is one such sub-topic. Have a look at the detailed list of Important Days in August.
1. Hiroshima Day: 6 August
- Hiroshima Day is observed every year on 6 August.
- On 6 August, 1945, an American B-29 warplane, Enola Gay, dropped atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima.
- This was world’s first atomic bomb attack and the bomb sis named as “Little Boy”.
- On the evening of Hiroshima day, Peace Message Lantern Floating Ceremony is organized.
2. August Kranti Day (Quit India Day): 9 August
- August Kranti Day (Quit India Day) is observed annually on August 9 to celebrate anniversary of Quit India movement.
- On August 9, 1942 the Quit India Movement began. On this day, Mahatma Gandhi gave the slogan of “Do or Die”.
- Quit India movement was started from Gawalia Tank in Mumbai. British arrested the main leaders of the movement, but the movement continued. There was violence during the movement.
- During the movement, parallel governments were formed at places such as Balia in UP, Tamulak in Bengal, Satara in Maharashtra and Talchar in Orissa.
3. Nagasaki Day: 9 August
- Nagasaki Day observed on 9 August every year.
- On this day in 1945, US dropped second atom bomb is dropped at Nagasaki in Japan. The bomb is nicknamed as “Fat Man”.
- Nagasaki was a shipbuilding center and it is located on Kyushu island in Japan.
4. International Day of the World’s indigenous people/ World Tribal Day: 9 August
- The United Nations’ (UN) International Day of the World’s Indigenous People is celebrated every year on 9 August.
- On this day, the inaugural session of the Working Group on Indigenous Populations was held in 1982.
- International Day of the World’s Indigenous People is celebrated to increase awareness and safeguard the rights of the world’s indigenous inhabitants.
- International Day of the world‘s indigenous people was first announced in 1994.
- There are an estimated 370 million indigenous people in the world.
- The theme of International Day of the world’s indigenous people 2020 is “COVID-19 and indigenous peoples’ resilience”.
5. World Biofuel Day: 10 August
- World Biofuel Day is celebrated annually on 10 August every year to raise awareness regarding the usefulness of biofuels.
- The Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas in India has been celebrating World Biofuel Day since 2015.
- This year, a webinar was organized on the occasion of World Biofuel Day.
- The theme of this webinar: Biofuels towards Atmanirbhar Bharat.
6. International Youth Day: 12 August
- International Youth Day is celebrated on 12 August and gives an opportunity for celebrating and mainstreaming young peoples’ voices, actions and initiatives.
- International Youth Day also gives an opportunity for celebrating and mainstreaming young people’s meaningful, universal and equitable engagement.
- World Conference of Ministers of Youth held in Lisbon in 1998 recommended for declaring 12 August as Intenrational Youth Day.
- In 1999, UN General Assembly declared its approval of the recommendation of World Conference of Ministers of Youth and first International Youth Day was celebrated in 2000.
- Theme for International Youth Day 2020 is “Youth Engagement for Global Action”.
7. World Elephant Day: 12 August
- World Elephant Day is celebrated every year on 12 August.
- It is an international annual event dedicated to the conservation of elephants in the world.
- World Elephant Day was launched on 12 August 2012 to bring attention to the immediate plight of Asian and African elephants.
- World Elephant Day was conceived in 2011 by the Elephant Reinforcement Foundation and two Canadian filmmakers Patricia Sims and Michael Clarke.
- The Red List of IUCN lists African elephants as vulnerable and Asian elephants as Endangered.
8. Indian Independence Day: 15 August
- Indian Independence Day is celebrated every year on August 15 as India achieved independence from British rule on August 15, 1947.
- On 15 August, the flag hoisting ceremony is held at the Red Fort in Delhi. This is followed by Prime Minister’s speech and parade by Indian Army.
- On 15 August 1947, the Indian Independence Act 1947 came into effect.
- On 15 August 2020, India will celebrate its 74th Independence Day.
9. World Photography Day: 19 August
- World Photography Day is annually celebrated on 19 August.
- World Photography Day has its beginning in the Daguerreotype. In 1837, Louis Daguerre and Joseph Nicephore Niepce had developed Daguerreotype.
- Daguerreotype was first successful photographic process. On August 19, the patent of Daguerreotype was purchased by the French government.
- In 1861, Thoams Sutton had taken the first durable colour photograph.
10. World Humanitarian Day: 19 August
- World humanitarian day is celebrated on 19 August annually.
- World humanitarian day is celebrated to commemorate humanitarian workers killed and injured during their work.
- World humanitarian day was announced in remembrance of 19 August 2003 bomb attack on the Canal Hotel in Baghdad, Iraq.
- During the attack, Sergio Vieira de Mello, a Brazilian United Nations diplomat and humanitarian, was also killed.
- In 2009, 19 August was declared as World Humanitarian Day by UN General Assembly.
- The theme of World Humanitarian Day 2019 was “Women Humanitarians”.
11. World Mosquito Day: 20 August
- It is celebrated annually on 20 August.
- It commemorates the discovery made by Sir Ronald Ross in 1897.
- In 1897, Sir Ronald Ross discovered that malaria between humans is transmitted by female mosquitoes.
- Mosquito Day celebrations are organized by the London School of Hygiene & tropical medicine.
12. Sadbhavana Diwas: 20 August
- Sadbhavana Diwas is celebrated all over India every year on 20th August.
- It is celebrated on the birth anniversary of 6th Prime Minister of India, Shri Rajiv Gandhi.
- It is celebrated to avoid violence and promote goodwill among people.
13. International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition: 23 August
- International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition is celebrated every year on 23 August.
- It aims to inscribe the tragedy of the slave trade in the memory of all peoples.
- On the night of 22 to 23 August 1791, an uprising starte din Santo Dominago (now called Haiti). The uprising played an important role in the abolition of the transatlantic slave trade.
14. National Sports Day / Rashtriya Khel Divas: 29 August
- National Sports Day is celebrated on 29 August, the birth anniversary of Hockey player and three times gold medal winner in Olympics, Major Dhyan Chand.
- Major Dhyan Chand had won gold medals in Olympics in 1928, 1932 and 1936.
- The theme of National Sports Day 2019 was “Fit India, Young India”.
- On National Sports Day 2019, the government had launched Fit India Movement.