List of Important Days in December
General Awareness section is one of the important section in any competitive exam. The static part of General Knowledge weighs more than 50% of the General Awareness section. Therefore, one has to focus on its various sub-topics and Important Days is one such sub-topic. Have a look at the detailed list of Important Days in December.
1. Nagaland celebrated its 58th foundation day on 1st December.
- Nagaland had come into existence as the 16th state of India on 1 December 1963.
- In the year 2020, it celebrated its 58th foundation day.
- Nagaland is known for its diversity, traditions, Hornbill festival and Amur Falcons.
- It is a mountainous state in northeast India.
- It shares its boundary with Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Myanmar.
- Its capital is Kohima.
- It is one of the smallest states in India.
- Its current Chief Minister is Neiphiu Rio and Governor is RN Ravi.
- It has 1 Lok Sabha seat, 1 Rajya Sabha seat, and 60 legislative assembly seats.
2. World AIDS Day: 1 December
- World AIDS Day is observed all over the world on 1 December every year.
- World AIDS Day was started in 1988 and since 2004, it is planned and promoted by the World AIDS Campaign.
- World AIDS Day is an important opportunity to raise awareness, remember those who have died and celebrate positive achievements in dealing with AIDS like greater opportunities for treatment and prevention of AIDS.
- Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) targets the immune system and weakens people’s defense against many infections and some types of cancer. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is the most advanced stage of HIV infection.
- Around 38 million people in the world were living with HIV in the year 2019. Due to gaps in HIV services, 690 000 people died from HIV-related causes in 2019.
- Anti-retroviral therapy (ART) is used for HIV. WHO aims to reach 90% of people living with HIV (PLHIV) by 2020 and make ART accessible to every PLHIV by 2030.
- National Health Policy 2017 and UN SDGs aim to end AIDS by 2030. India has 2.35 million people with HIV. This is the third-highest HIV burden in the world.
- Theme: “Ending the HIV/AIDS Epidemic: Resilience and Impact”
3. National Pollution Control Day: 2 December
- National Pollution Control Day is observed every year on December 2 in the remembrance of people who lost their lives in the Bhopal Gas tragedy.
- It is celebrated to bring awareness about the dire consequences of environmental pollution. It also aims to aware people of industrial disasters.
- According to the National Health Portal of India, every year 7 million people die due to environmental pollution.
- The theme of this year’s National Pollution Control Day is to raise awareness about pollution control measures and to educate people about the methods to prevent from pollution consequences.
- Bhopal Gas tragedy was occurred on 2-3 December due to leakage of methyl isocyanate from the Union Carbide plant.
- It is mainly caused due to the contamination of harmful substances in the natural environment.
- It is caused by many factors such as emission of harmful gases, the flow of sewage in water bodies, heavy use of fertilizers, etc.
- It can be of different types, such as air pollution, soil pollution and water pollution.
- Pollution destroys the ecosystems in the environment.
4. International Day of Persons with Disabilities: 3 December
- International Day of Persons with Disabilities is observed every year on 3 December to promote the rights and well-being of persons with disabilities.
- In 1992, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution 47/3 to celebrate 3 December as the International Day of Persons with Disabilities.
- This year it will be celebrated throughout the week from 30 December- 4 December.
- International Day of Persons with Disabilities 2020 theme is “Building back better: towards an inclusive, accessible and sustainable post COVID-19 world by, for and with persons with disabilities”.
- The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is an international treaty for the protection of rights and dignity of disabled people. It was adopted in 2006.
- Related Facts:
- 80% of persons with disabilities (out of one billion people) live in developing countries.
- Around 46% of older people (aged 60 years and above) are living with disabilities.
- One in every 5 women is likely to face disability in her life.
5. Indian Navy Day: 4 December
- It is celebrated every year on 4 December to highlight the role and achievements of the Indian Navy.
- It is observed in the remembrance of the Operation Trident of the Indian Navy in the Indo-Pak war 1971.
- Indian Navy has decided to observe 2021 as ‘Swarnim Vijay Varsh’ to commemorate the golden jubilee year of Victory in the Indo-Pak war 1971.
- Operation Trident: It is an operation launched by the Indian Navy on Karachi during the Indo-Pak war 1971. It had used anti-ship missiles for this operation.
- Indian Navy: Indian Navy is the naval branch of the Indian Armed Forces. Admiral Karambir Singh is the 24th Indian Navy Chief.
6. World Soil Day: 5 December
- World Soil Day (WSD) is held annually on 5th December to raise awareness regarding the importance of healthy soil and the sustainable management of soil resources.
- In December 2013 the UN General Assembly designated 5 December 2014 as the first official World Soil Day.
- It is celebrated on 5 December to mark the birth anniversary of Bhumibol Adulyadej.
- 2020 World Soil Day Theme-“Keep soil alive, protect soil biodiversity”
- Soil constitutes about one-fourth bio diversity of the earth so protection of soil is important for the environment. Sustainable soil management is important for achieving many Sustainable Development Goals.
Soil Pollution can be prevented by the following methods:
- Plantation of trees
- Avoid single-use plastic
- Disposal of hazardous waste
- Composting of food waste
7. International Civil Aviation Day: 7 December
- International Civil Aviation Day is celebrated every year on 7th December to create awareness about the importance of civil aviation to the social and economic development of nations across the globe.
- It also aims to highlight the unique role played by ICAO in promoting global connectivity.
- In 1994, the International Civil Aviation Day was established as part of celebrations of 50th anniversary of the signing of the Convention on International Civil Aviation.
- Theme 2020: “Advancing Innovation for Global Aviation Development”
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO):
- It is a UN specialized agency that was formed in 1944 to manage the administration of the Chicago Convention.
- Its headquarters is located in Montreal, Canada.
- Its strategic objectives include enhancing safety and security and increasing the capacity of the global civil aviation system, fostering economic development, and minimizing the adverse impact of civil aviation activities on the environment.
8. Indian Armed Forces Flag Day: 7 December
- Indian Armed Forces Flag Day is celebrated every year on 7 December all over India to honour martyrs and soldiers of the Indian armed forces.
- On 2 December, Defense minister has announced that Armed Forces Flag Day 2020 will be celebrated during the whole of December by centre, state and sainik board as Gaurav Maah.
- Indian Armed Forces Flag Day is being celebrated since 1949. On this day, people are requested to contribute to Armed Forces Flag Day Fund for the welfare of ex-servicemen, war widows and their dependents.
Armed forces Flag Day Fund:
- Flag Day Fund was constituted by Baldev Singh Committee in 1949. In 1993, related welfare funds were consolidated into a single Armed Forces Flag Day Fund (AFFDF).
- The responsibility of the administration of AFFDF is with Kendriya Sainik Board (KSB). KSB administratively controls AFFDF.
- AFFDF is managed by a Managing Committee. Defense Minister (Raksha Mantri) is chairman of this committee and Raksha Rajya Mantri is its Vice-Chairman.
- Three service chiefs, Defence Secretary, Secretary, Ex-Servicemen Welfare / Ministry of Defence and other senior central government officials are its members.
9. Army Service Corps celebrated its foundation day on 8 December.
- Army Service Corps has celebrated its raising day on 8 December.
- Its origin can be traced from the years of 1760s when there was a Commissariat for the armies of presidencies of Bengal, Madras and Bombay.
- It was renamed as Indian Army Service Corp on 8 December 1950 after Independence. On this day, it had dropped the use of the suffix ‘Royal’.
- Army Service Corps:
- It is part of the Indian Army, which provides logistic support to the Defence forces.
- It is responsible for provisioning, procurement and distribution of supplies and petroleum products to the Army, Air Force, Navy and other Paramilitary forces.
- It is also responsible for the carriage of ammunition, animals, fighting vehicles, etc.
- The motto of Army Service Corps is “SEVA ASMAKAM DHARMAHA”.
- It is the oldest and largest administrative service of the army.
10. International Anti-Corruption Day: 9 December
- It is observed every year on 9 December to raise awareness about the disadvantages of corruption and the importance of transparency.
- The theme of the International Anti-Corruption Day 2020 is ‘Recover with integrity’. This year’s theme emphasizes the importance of Anti-corruption measures for better recovery from the effect of COVID-19 pandemic.
- The United Nation General Assembly has adopted the United Nations Convention against corruption on 31st October in 2003. The convention came into force from December 2005.
- The United Nation General Assembly had also designated 9 December as the International Anti-Corruption Day in 2003.
- This day also highlights the importance of Convention in the fight against corruption.
- This year the focus will be on reducing the corruption and enhancing the accountability of Public health sector in response to COVID-19 pandemic.
11. Human Rights Day: 10 December
- It is observed annually on December 10 to highlight the importance of human rights for all human beings on the earth.
- It is celebrated to mark the anniversary of the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948. It is the first global document which has given the detail about Human Rights.
- The theme of Human Rights Day 2020 is to “Recover Better - Stand Up for Human Rights”.
- This year’s theme of Human rights day emphasizes on creating equal opportunity for everyone and reducing the inequalities and discrimination created due to COVID-19.
- United Nations Human Rights Council: It was established in 2006 by the United Nations General Assembly. It is responsible for the promotion and protection of human rights in the world. Its headquarters is located in Geneva.
- Human rights:
- These are the basic right for all humans around the globe.
- It includes the right to life and liberty, freedom from slavery and torture, freedom of opinion and expression, the right to work and education, etc.
12. International Mountain Day: 11 December
- International Mountain Day is celebrated every year on 11 December since 2003 to highlight the importance of mountains to life.
- United Nations declared the year 2002 as the UN International Year of Mountains.
- The United Nations has declared 2021 to 2030 the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration.
- 15% of the world’s population and 25% of the world’s land animals and plants live in the mountains.
- Theme 2020: Mountain Biodiversity
- SDG 15: Life on Land
13. International UNICEF Day: 11 December
- Every year on 11 December International UNICEF day is celebrated to mark the establishment of this organisation on the same day in 1946.
- United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF):
- It is a United Nations agency that was created on 11 December 1946 as United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund.
- Headquarters: New York City, United States
- Executive Director: Henrietta H Fore
- It works for the overall development of children globally and promote policies for the child protection and inclusion.
14. International Day of Neutrality: 12 December
- On 12 February 2017, United Nations General Assembly declared 12 December as the International Day of Neutrality.
- Article 2 of the UN charter asks member states to settle their disputes in a peaceful manner.
- The principle of neutrality refers to non-participation of a party in an armed conflict.
- The policy of neutrality contributes to the strengthening of peace and security at the global level. It helps in developing peaceful, friendly and mutually beneficial relations between the various countries.
- “Preventive diplomacy” means diplomatic action taken to prevent disputes from turning into conflicts and to control the spread of conflicts whenever they occur.
15. International Universal Health Coverage Day: 12 December
- On 12 December 2012, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution urging countries to quickly move towards achieving the goal of Universal health coverage.
- Universal health coverage (UHC) refers to access to quality, affordable healthcare to everyone and everywhere as an essential priority.
- On 12 December 2017, the United Nations declared 12 December as International Universal Health Coverage Day (UHC Day).
- International Universal Health Coverage Day aims to create awareness of the need for resilient health systems and universal health coverage for all.
- Theme 2020: Health for All: Protect Everyone — To end this crisis and build a safer and healthier future, we must invest in health systems that protect us all — now.
16. Manipur celebrated 81st Nupi Lan Day.
- The 81st Nupi Lan day has been observed at the Nupi Lan Memorial complex in Imphal.
- It is celebrated in the remembrance of the brave mothers who sacrificed their lives in the fight against the British Empire.
- The women of Manipur had fought the war against the British Empire in 1904 and 1939. These wars are known as Nupi Lal.
- The first war was due to the mass- exploitation of the people of Manipur and the second war was triggered because of a famine-like situation in Manipur due to the export of rice from the state.
- Rani Gaidinliu was one of the most important women freedom fighters of Manipur. Some other freedom fighters of Manipur are Major Paona Brajabasi, Haipou Jadonang, Chinglen Sana, Khumbong Major, Loitongba Jamadar, Keisa Jamadar, etc.
17. Energy Conservation Day: 14 December
- It is observed every year on 14 December to raise awareness about the importance of energy conservation and energy efficiency.
- Bureau of Energy efficiency organizes this day to show the achievement in energy conservation.
- The first National Energy Conservation Day was observed in the year 2001.
- The government of India had enacted the Energy conservation act in 2001 and established the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) for making policies regarding the conservation of energy.
- The Bureau of Energy Efficiency has implemented the Energy conservation act and played a crucial role in creating awareness about the importance of energy conservation.
18. Vijay Diwas being celebrated across the country on 16 December.
- The nation is celebrating the 50th anniversary of India’s victory in the Indo-Pak War of 1971. It is being celebrated as ‘Vijay Diwas’.
- On this occasion, Prime Minister will light up ‘Swarnim Vijay Mashaal’ to begin the celebration.
- Many events will be organised to celebrate the event, including the lit up of four victory Mashaals. These Mashaals will be carried to the villages of the Param Vir Chakra and Maha Vir Chakra Awardees of 1971 war.
- The government is celebrating this year as ‘Swarnim Vijay Varsh’ to mark the victory of India in the war of 1971.
- Vijay Diwas:
- It is celebrated every year on 16 December to commemorate the Victory of India in the Bangladesh liberation war of 1971.
- On this day, Gen. Niazi surrendered along with his 93,000 Pakistani troops before the Indian Army in Dhaka in 1971.
- Bangladesh celebrates this day as its Independence Day.
19. International Migrants Day: 18 December
- It is observed every year on 18 December to raise awareness about the rights of the migrants.
- It is observed to mark the anniversary of adopting the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families by the United Nations General Assembly in 1990.
- UNGA had proclaimed 18 December as International Migration Day on 4 December 2000.
- International Migrants Day 2020 theme is “Reimagining Human Mobility”.
- This year’s International Migrants Day will be dedicated to protecting Migrants from the impact of COVID-19.
- The United Nations General Assembly had adopted a set of commitments for the protection of migrants. These commitments are known as the New York Declaration.
- Facts regarding migration in world:
- According to the UN, the number of international migrants has grown by 49% since 2000 and nearly half of the migrants are women.
- In the world, 31% of International migrants are in Asia, 26% in America, 10% in Africa and 30% in Europe.
20. Minorities Rights Day 2020: 18 December
- It is observed every year on 18 December to highlight the issues related to minorities in India.
- It is celebrated by the National Commission for Minorities (NCM) in India.
- This day is celebrated as the anniversary of adopting the Statement on the individual’s rights belonging to religious or Linguistic National or Ethnic Minorities in 1992.
- Government of India established the National Commission for Minorities in 1992 to protect minorities’ rights in India.
- Article 30 of the Indian constitution mentions two categories of minorities – religious and linguistic.
21. Goa Liberation Day: 19 December
- Goa Liberation Day is celebrated every year on 19 December to celebrate Goa’s freedom from Portuguese rule.
- Goa was part of Portuguese colonies since 1510. It was liberated by the Indian Army in 1961.
- Indian military had started ‘Operation Vijay’ on 18 December 1961 to liberate Goa from the Portuguese rule. After 36 hours of operation, Indian troops reclaimed the Goa territory on 19 December.
- Portuguese governor, Manuel Antonio Vassalo e Silva, signed the certificate of surrender, which ended Portuguese rule in Goa.
- Goa was granted statehood on 30 May 1987.
- It is located in the south-western part of India.
- It shares a boundary with Maharashtra and Karnataka.
- It is the smallest state of India in terms of area and fourth-smallest by population.
- Panaji is the capital of Goa.
- Pramod Sawant is the Chief Minister and Bhagat Singh Koshyari is the Governor of Goa.
22. International Human Solidarity Day: 20 December
- International Human Solidarity Day is observed every year on 20 December to promote the spirit of sharing for eradicating poverty and celebrate unity in diversity.
- Solidarity means those who suffer or benefit least deserve help from those who benefit most.
- In 2005, the UN General Assembly identified solidarity as one of the fundamental values of international relations in 21st century.
- In 2003, the United Nations General Assembly had established the World Solidarity Fund that aims to eliminate poverty and promote human development.
23. National Mathematics Day: 22 December
- It is observed every year on 22 December across the country.
- It is celebrated to mark the birth anniversary of the Indian mathematical genius Srinivasa Ramanujan.
- It was first observed in 2012 on the 125th birth anniversary of Srinivasa Ramanujan.
- Srinivasa Ramanujan:
- He was born on 22 December 1887 in Tamil Nadu.
- He is also known as the “man who knew infinity”.
- He had contributed to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series and continued fraction.
- He was one of the youngest people to receive the fellowship of the Royal Society.
- He was the first Indian to receive a fellowship at Trinity College.
24. National Farmers’ Day or Kisan Diwas: 23 December
- National Farmers Day or Kisan Diwas is celebrated every year on 23 December in India.
- The day is celebrated to praise farmers’ contribution to the economy and society and create awareness about helping them.
- The day also celebrates the birth anniversary of Chaudhary Charan Singh, the fifth Prime Minister of India.
- Majority of the population in India is dependent on agriculture for their livelihood.
25. National Consumer Day: 24 December
- National Consumer Day is celebrated every year on 24 December.
- On 24 December 1986, President gave his assent to the Consumer Protection Act, 1986.
- It aims to create awareness regarding consumer rights.
- Theme 2020: “New Features of the Consumer Protection Act, 2019”
- World Consumer Rights Day is observed every year on 15 March.
26. Good Governance Day and Birth anniversary of former PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee: 25 December
- This year the nation celebrated the 96th birth anniversary of former Prime Minister of India Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
- On this occasion, a book titled ‘Atal Bihari Vajpayee in Parliament: A Commemorative Volume’ was released by PM Modi.
- The book highlights the life and works of Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
- Every year Good Governance Day is celebrated on 25 December to create awareness regarding the importance of accountability in government.
- On this occasion, the progress report of e-HRMS (Electronic-Human Resource Management System) was released.
- Minister for Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions Dr Jitendra Singh launched the e-HRMS in 2017 and it had 25 applications of 5 modules of the system.
- The advanced version of e-HRMS will act as a single platform where employees will be able to see all their details like service book, leave, GPF, etc., and can even file for claims, reimbursement, etc.
27. International Day of Epidemic Preparedness: 27 December
- On 13 December 2020, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution to observe 27 December as the International Day of Epidemic Preparedness.
- The day is being observed for the first time to advocate the importance of the prevention of, preparedness for and partnership against epidemics.
- The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the need to invest in health systems to prevent, detect and respond to infectious disease outbreaks.