List of Important Days in October
General Awareness section is one of the important section in any competitive exam. The static part of General Knowledge weighs more than 50% of the General Awareness section. Therefore, one has to focus on its various sub-topics and Important Days is one such sub-topic. Have a look at the detailed list of Important Days in October.
1. International Day of Older Persons: 1 October
- The day highlights the contributions of older people to society and raises awareness about the opportunities and challenges of aging in the present century.
- On 14 December 1990, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution to designate 1 October as the International Day of Older Persons.
- In 1991, the UN General Assembly adopted the United Nations Principles for Older Persons.
- In 2019, there were 703 million persons aged above 65 years.
- The number of people aged 60 and above is expected to increase from 901 million to 1.5 billion between 2019-50.
- On the International Day of Older Persons, Minister for Health Dr. Harsh Vardhan launched Decade of Healthy Ageing (2020-2030).
- Theme 2019: “The Journey to Age Equality”
- Theme 2020: “Pandemics: Do They Change How We Address Age and Ageing?”.
2. World Postcard Day: 1 October
- The first World Postcard Day was celebrated on 1 October 2020.
- The first postcard recommended by Dr. Emanuel Herrmann started on 1 October 1869.
- Celebrations in India:
- On this occasion, the Chief Postmaster General of Odisha Circle released a picture postcard named “Jau Kandhei”.
- Similarly, Maharashtra circle of India Post released picture postcard named “Sawantwadi Toys”.
- Theme in India: Tradition Toys of India. The theme aims to promote the artisans making traditional toys in India.
- Jau Kandhei or Jou Kondhei is a traditional terracotta doll made in Balasore, Odisha. These are usually gifted t newlyweds couple.
- Sawantwadi Toys are the handmade wooden toys crafted by the Chittari community in Sawantwadi, Maharashtra.
- Deltiology: Collection and study of postcards
3. 151st Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi /Gandhi Jayanti: 2 October
- Mahatma Gandhi, Father of the Nation, was a lawyer, political ethicist, activist, and writer.
- He was an ardent follower of Satyagraha and Ahimsa.
- The day is marked as ‘Gandhi Jayanti’ in India and the ‘International Day of Non-violence’ worldwide.
- Notable Works: Hind Swaraj, My Experiments with Truth, Harijan (Gujarati Newspaper), Young India (English Newspaper)
- He founded the Harijan Sevak Sangh in 1932.
- Times Magazine named Mahatma Gandhi as the Man of the Year in 1930.
- On 15 June 2007, UNGA passed a resolution to mark 2nd October as International Day of Non-Violence to disseminate the message of non-violence through education and public awareness.
- Mahatma Gandhi:
- His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
- He was born in Porbandar, Gujarat on 2nd October 1869.
4. Birth Anniversary of Lal Bahadur Shashtri: 2 October
- Lal Bahadur Shashtri was born on 2 October 1904 in Mughalsarai.
- He was the second Prime Minister of India.
- He also served as the Minister of External Affairs, Minister of Home Affairs, and Minister of Railways.
- He gave the famous slogan “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan” in 1965.
- He promoted the white revolution to increase the production of milk in the country.
- He was awarded the Bharat Ratna posthumously in 1966 and became the first person to be awarded Bharat Ratna posthumously.
- Many important institutions are named after him, such as Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Lal Bahadur Shastri Institute of Management, etc.
5. World Nature Day: 3 October
- World Nature Day is observed each year on 3 October.
- This day was observed first on 3 October 2010. World Nature Organization (WNO) founded the World Nature Day.
- World Nature Organization is an intergovernmental organization that works for the protection of environment.
- The day aims to create awareness regarding the state of nature- the challenges being faced due to climate change.
6. World Animal Welfare Day: 4 October
- World Animal Welfare Day is celebrated every year on 4 October to raise the awareness regarding status of animals and to improve their welfare standards.
- It was first celebrated in 1925 in Berlin, Germany.
- The day reminds us of the different ways in which the animals contribute to our lives.
- Areas of Focus:
- Drawing attention to Endangered Species
- Protecting Natural Habitats
- Supporting Animal Welfare
7. Birth anniversary of Shyamji Krishna Varma: 4 October
- Prime Minister Modi has paid tribute to Shyamji Krishna Varma on his 163rd birth anniversary.
- Shyamji Krishna Varma was a freedom fighter who devoted his life to India’s freedom.
- Shyamji Krishna Varma:
- He was born on 4 October 1857 in Gujarat.
- He was an Indian revolutionary fighter, lawyer, and Journalist.
- He published the first issue of “The Indian Sociologist” in 1905.
- He founded the Indian Home Rule Society, India House, and The Indian Sociologist in London.
8. World Teachers’ Day: 5 October
- Every year on 5 October, World Teachers’ Day is celebrated to recognize the achievements of the teaching profession and address the issues that restrict young and talented minds to adopt teaching as a profession.
- The day is being celebrated by UNESCO since 1994.
- Theme 2019: “Young Teachers: The future of the Profession”
- Theme 2020: “Teachers: Leading in Crisis, Reimagining the Future”.
- The theme aims to address the role played by the teachers during the COVID-19 pandemic.
- The day is held by UNESCO in partnership with UNICEF, UNDP, ILO, and Education International.
- SDG-4: Quality Education
9. World Habitat Day: 5 October
- It is celebrated on the first Monday of October every year.
- In 1985, United Nations designated the first Monday of October as World Habitat Day.
- The day was first celebrated in 1986 in Nairobi, Kenya and the theme was “Shelter is my Right”.
- Theme 2020: “Housing for All- A Better Urban Future”
- This year the global observance will be hosted by Surabaya, a city in Indonesia.
- SDG-11: Sustainable Cities and Communities
- Sustainable Cities means cities with career and business opportunities, safe and affordable housing, and resilient societies and economies.
10. World Cotton Day 2020: 7 October
- On the occasion of Second World Cotton Day (7 October), Union Minister of Textile, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani launched the ‘Kasturi Cotton’ first-ever Brand & Logo for Indian Cotton.
- The Kasturi Cotton brand will represent Whiteness, Brightness, Softness, Purity, Luster, Uniqueness and Indianness.
- According to the data, India is the second-largest cotton producer and the largest consumer of cotton in the world.
- India produces about 23% of the world’s cotton every year and 51% of the total organic cotton production in the world.
- A certification system for organic cotton will be introduced in phases through APEDA.
- A mobile app Cott-Ally has been developed by Cotton Corporation of India (CCI) for providing the latest news regarding weather condition, crop situation and best farm practices of cotton.
- A webinar was also organized by TEXPROCIL and CITI on the theme of “NEW-LOOK COTTON” to facilitate the exchange of ideas on the emerging scenarios in cotton usage and application.
11. World Wildlife Week: 2-8 October
- World Wildlife Week is celebrated every year between 2nd October and 8th October.
- As part of this week, an intensified tree planting exercise has been started in various parts of the Western Ghats bordering Tamil Nadu.
- Tree planting exercise will help in the protection of the dwindling vulture population in the Western Ghats.
- Long-billed, White-backed, and King vultures are found in the Nilgiris Forest region of Western Ghats.
- Western Ghats:
- It is also known as Sahyadri.
- It is a chain of mountains running parallel to India’s western coast.
- It extends from river Tapti in Maharashtra to Kanyakumari in the south.
- It is one of the 36 hotspots of biological diversity in the world.
- It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- The fauna of Western Ghats includes many mammals, reptiles, amphibians, molluscs, annelids, and bird species.
- Scientists from Agharkar Research Institute, Pune, have discovered two new species of pipeworts from the Western Ghats of Maharashtra & Karnataka.
- Pipeworts (Eriocaulon) is a plant group known for its medicinal properties.
12. Air Force Day 2020: 8 October
- Indian Air force has been celebrating its 88th anniversary this year.
- The Indian Air Force (IAF) Day is celebrated every year on 8 October.
- On this occasion, a scintillating air display by various aircraft will be the hallmark of the Air Force Day Parade-cum-Investiture Ceremony at Air Force Station Hindan, Ghaziabad.
- The air display will begin with flag bearing skydivers of the famous AKASH GANGA Team dropping out of an AN-32 aircraft in their colourful canopies.
- In the flypast, Tejas LCA, Mig-29 and 21, Sukhoi-30, and Rafale along with helicopters like the Mi17V5, Chinook, Mi-35, ALH Rudra and transport aircraft like C-17 Globemaster, C-130, and IL-76 Gajraj will be included.
13. World Post Day: 9 October
- World Post Day is celebrated annually on 9 October to mark the anniversary of the Universal Postal Union (UPU) formation in 1874.
- In 1969, Universal Postal Congress in Tokyo declared 9 October as World Post Day.
- The day aims to create awareness regarding the role of Post in our everyday lives.
- Three strategic pillars of UPU are- Innovation, Integration and Inclusion.
14. National Postal Week: 9-15 October
- National Postal Week celebration begins with World Post Day, which is celebrated every year on 9 October.
- World Post Day is celebrated on the anniversary of the establishment of the Universal Postal Union (UPU) in 1874 in Berne.
- It aims to create awareness of the role of the postal sector in people’s and everyday lives and its contribution to the social and economic development of countries.
9th October 2020
World Post Day
10th October 2020
12th October 2020
13th October 2020
14th October 2020
Business Development Day
15th October 2020
15. World Mental Health Day: 10 October
- Every year on 10 October, World Mental Health Day is celebrated to raise awareness regarding mental health issues and to mobilize efforts in support of mental health.
- The day was celebrated for the first time on 10 October 1992.
- The day is organized by the World Federation for Mental Health.
- The World Health Organization (2018) states that every 40 seconds, someone dies by suicide.
- A day for “40 seconds of action” to raise awareness of the increasing cases of suicide and the role that everyone can play in preventing it.
- Theme 2020: “Mental Health for All: Greater Investment – Greater Access”
16. International Day of the Girl Child: 11 October
- Every year on 11 October, International Day of the Girl Child is observed to recognize girls’ rights.
- The day aims to highlight and address the needs and challenges faced by girls worldwide and focus on promoting girls’ empowerment.
- In 2011, the UN General Assembly adopted the resolution to declare 11 October as the International Day of the Girl Child.
- Theme 2019: “Girl Force: Unscripted and Unstoppable”
- Theme 2020: “My voice, our equal future”
- Globally, nearly 1 in 4 girls aged 15–19 years is neither employed nor in education or training compared to 1 in 10 boys of the same age.
- More than 60% of countries discriminate against daughters’ rights to inherit the property in either law or practice.
- SDG-5: Gender Equality
17. World Arthritis Day: 12 October
- World Arthritis Day is celebrated every year on 12 October to raise awareness about Arthritis.
- Time2Work is the theme for World Arthritis Day 2020.
- Arthritis refers to any disorder affecting joints. It is the inflammation (swelling) of joints.
- Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are common forms of arthritis.
- Common symptoms of Arthritis are pain in joints, stiffness and swelling.
- Arthritis can be managed through medications and lifestyle changes.
18. International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction: 13 October
- It was started in 1989 by the United Nations General Assembly to promote a global culture of risk-awareness and disaster reduction.
- The day is celebrated for raising awareness and how people around the world are reducing their exposure to disasters.
- This year’s International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction is all about governance.
- A good disaster risk governance can save lives, reduce numbers of disaster-affected people and economic losses.
- Disaster Risk Reduction needs a clear vision, plans and competent, empowered institutions acting on scientific evidence for the public good.
- The strategy for disaster risk reduction must be multi-sectoral, linking policies in areas such as land use, building codes, public health, education, agriculture, environmental protection, energy, water resources, poverty reduction and climate change adaptation.
- Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (2015-2030):
- It was adopted at the Third United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in 2015.
- It was the first major agreement of the post-2015 development agenda and provides the member states with concrete actions to protect development gains from the risk of disaster.
19. International E-waste day: 14 October
- On 14 October, International E-waste Day (IEWD) is being celebrated every year since its start by Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) forum in 2018.
- It is celebrated to increase public awareness about e-waste recycling and encourage consumers to recycle e-waste.
- UN’s International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and WEEE forum partnered for International E-waste day 2019.
- ITU and WEEE forum will also partner for preparing a report to be issued at International E-waste day 2020.
- Celebrations of IEWD 2020 will be focused on theme of education.
- As per UN’s Global E-waste Monitor 2020, 53.6 million metric tonnes electronic waste was produced all over the world in 2019.
- Indian, US and China together contribute 38% to volume of E-waste generated worldwide. In 3 years, India’s E-waste generation increased by 43%.
- WEEE Forum is a not for profit association. It consists of 40 WEEE producer responsibility organisations.
20. World Standards Day: 14 October
- World Standards Day is celebrated every year on 14 October by the members of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and International Telecommunication Union (ITU).
- The day is intended to show gratitude to many experts worldwide who evolve the voluntary technical norms that are issued in the form of international standards.
- The day aims to raise awareness about the significance of implementing and evolving standards to the global economy among regulators, industry and consumers.
- Theme 2020: “Protecting the planet with standards”
21. Global Handwashing Day: 15 October
- Global Handwashing Day is celebrated every year on 15 October to raise awareness on handwashing with soap, motivate people worldwide to develop handwashing habits, and highlight the state of handwashing in countries worldwide.
- Theme 2020- “Hand Hygiene for All”
- The day was founded by the Global Handwashing Partnership.
- First Global Handwashing Day was held in 2008.
22. International Day of Rural Women: 15 October
- International Day of Rural Women is celebrated every year on 15 October.
- International Day of Rural Women was first observed almost a decade ago on 15 October 2008.
- The day identifies the importance and contribution of rural women and indigenous women in rural poverty eradication, ensuring food security, agricultural and rural development.
- Theme 2020: “Building rural women’s resilience in the wake of COVID-19”
- The theme draws attention to the crucial role of rural women and girls in agriculture, food security and nutrition, land and natural resource management, and rural enterprises during the times of pandemic.
23. World Food Day: 16 October
- World Food Day is celebrated every year on 16 October as the foundation day of FAO.
- World Food day 2020 has been celebrated to mark the 75th anniversary of FAO.
- The Theme of World Food Day 2020 is - “Grow, nourish, sustain. Together.”
- This year’s World Food day is devoted to highlighting how food and agriculture are an essential part of the COVID-19 response.
- Food and Agriculture Organization:
- It was founded on 16 October 1945.
- It is a specialized United Nations agency that leads international efforts to defeat hunger and improve nutrition and food security.
- It aims to achieve food security for all and make sure that people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives.
- Its headquarters is in Rome, Italy.
- The Director-General of FAO is Qu Dongyu.
24. International Day for the Eradication of Poverty: 17 October
- Every year on 17 October, International Day for the Eradication of Poverty is celebrated.
- On 22 December 1992, UN General Assembly declared 17 October as the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty.
- The day also marks the anniversary of the call to action by Father Joseph Wresinski, which led to the celebration of the World Day for Overcoming Extreme Poverty on 17 October.
- 2020 Theme: “Acting together to achieve social and environmental justice for all”
- Poverty is not only an economic issue but is a multidimensional phenomenon. It comes with a lack of both income and the basic capabilities to live in dignity.
- The General Assembly proclaimed the Third UN Decade for the Eradication of Poverty (2018-2027) in its resolution 72/233.
- The first UN Decade for the Eradication of Poverty was from 1997 to 2006, while the second UN Decade for the Eradication of Poverty was from 2008 to 2017.
- Related facts:
- 736 million people lived below the international poverty line of US $ 1.90 a day in 2015.
- In 2018, around 8% of the world’s workers and their families lived on less than US $1.90 per person per day.
- Most people living below poverty line live in Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.
- SDG-1: NO POVERTY
- People living in poverty experience many deprivations due to which they are unable to realize their rights and could not come out of poverty. These include:
- Dangerous work conditions
- Unsafe housing
- Lack of nutritious food
- Unequal access to Justice
- Lack of political power
- Limited access to health care
25. World Statistics Day: 20 October
- World Statistics Day is celebrated after every five years and this year it is the third World Statistics Day.
- Connecting the world with data we can trust is the theme for World Statistics Day 2020.
- World Statistics Day celebrations are held under the guidance of the United Nations Statistical Commission.
- First World Statistics Day was celebrated in 2010.
26. National Solidarity Day: 20 October
- India celebrates National Solidarity Day every year on 20 October to honour the Indian Armed Forces.
- China attacked India on 20 October 1962. The war ended on 21 November 1962.
- National Solidarity Day reminds us of the importance of unity and integrity for nation.
27. International Snow Leopard Day 2020: 23 October
- International Snow Leopard Day is celebrated every year on 23 October to protect and conserve snow leopards.
- They are mainly found in mountain ranges of Central and South Asia. They are also called the “ghost of the mountains”.
- During the Virtual meet event of International Snow Leopard Day “HimalSanrakshak” programme was launched by the Minister of State for Environment Forest and Climate Change.
- In India, Snow Leopard is mainly found in the region of Ladakh and Himachal Pradesh, Nanda Devi region of Uttarakhand and Khangchendzonga – Tawang across Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh.
- Initiatives by Government of India for conserving Snow Leopard:
- India is also a member of the Global Snow Leopard and Ecosystem Protection (GSLEP) Programme. It had hosted the 4th Steering Committee of the GSLEP program in October 2019 in New Delhi.
- Ministry of Environment had launched the First National Protocol on Snow Leopard Population Assessment in 2019 for monitoring the populations of Snow Leopard.
- It will encourage states and UTs to adopt innovative strategies to resolve issues related to multi-stakeholder landscape management, human-wildlife conflicts, wildlife crime, trade in wildlife parts and products, etc
28. UN Day: 24 October
- UN celebrates the anniversary of the commencement of the UN charter in 1945.
- The UN officially came into being on 24th October 1945, and United Nations Day is being celebrated on 24th October since 1948.
- In 1971, the United Nations General Assembly had advised and suggested that 24th October be observed as a public holiday by all United Nations Member States.
- This year, the UN day concert will be prerecorded due to COVID-19 and the Mission of Italy will sponsor it. The concert will feature Italian dancer Roberto Bolle and the Orchestra of Teatro alla Scala.
- UN Day Concert of 2018 featured Sarod Maestro Amjad Ali Khan with The Refugee Orchestra Project.
29. World Polio Day: 24 October
- World Polio day is celebrated every year on 24 October to highlight global efforts towards a polio-free world and to honour the contribution made by frontline health workers in the fight against polio.
- It was started by Rotary International to commemorate the birth of Jonas Salk, who had led the first team that made a vaccine against poliomyelitis.
- The Theme for World Polio 2020 Day is “Stories of Progress: Past and Present.”
- According to WHO, 99.9 % of cases of wild poliovirus cases have decreased since 1980 due to vaccination efforts.
- The Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) has been started by the national government and WHO for monitoring the Polio situation globally.
- In Afghanistan and Pakistan, wild Poliovirus has been reported. They are the last stronghold of wild Poliovirus.
- In 2019 mutated version of Poliovirus has been reported in the Philippines, Malaysia, Ghana, Myanmar, China, Cameroon, Indonesia and Iran.
30. World Day for Audiovisual Heritage: 27 October
- UNESCO officially agreed to commemorate World Day for Audiovisual Heritage in 2005.
- World Day for Audiovisual Heritage is an occasion to raise awareness about the need to keep important audiovisual material in good condition for future generations.
- It is also an opportunity to raise general awareness about the need for urgently required measures to keep audiovisual heritage away from harm and ensure its accessibility to the public now and to the coming generations.
- The theme for World Day for Audiovisual Heritage 2020 is Your Window to the World.
31. World Saving Day/ World Thrift Day: 30 October
- World Thrift Day/ World Savings Day was established on 30 October 1924, at 1st International Savings Bank Congress.
- World Thrift Day/ World Savings Day is usually celebrated every year on 31st October worldwide.
- In India, this day is celebrated on 30 October due to the death of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi on the same day in 1984.
- World Savings Day, also known as World Thrift Day, aims to make the public aware about the importance of savings for individuals and for the nation.
- The theme for World Thrift Day/ World Savings Day 2020 is when you save a bit, big things follow.
32. Homi Jehangir Bhabha Birth anniversary: 30 October
- Dr. Homi Jehangir Bhabha was Indian nuclear physicist and founding director of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre.
- He is known as the ‘Father of the Indian nuclear programme’. He was born on 30 October 1909 and died on 24 January 1966.
- He envisioned India’s three stage nuclear power programme and emphasized on use of India’s huge thorium reserve rather than its inadequate uranium reserves for power generation.
- He won Adams Prize (1942) and Padma Bhushan (1954). He was nominated for Nobel Prize for Physics in 1951 and 1953-1956.
33. World Cities Day: 31 October
- World Cities Day is celebrated every year on 31st October.
- It aims to greatly support and actively encourage the international community’s interest in urbanization, increase cooperation to meet opportunities and address challenges of urbanization.
- On World Cities Day 2020, global ceremony will be organized in Nakuru, Kenya.
- General theme of World Cities Day is Better City, Better Life and a sub-theme is selected each year.
- The theme (Sub-theme) for World Cities Day 2020 is Valuing Our Communities and Cities.
- SDG 11: Inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable cities and human settlements.
34. National Unity Day (Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Jayanti): 31 October
- Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel was first Deputy Prime Minister of India and first Home Minister of India.
- He was given the title of Sardar by women of Bardoli for leading Bardoli Satyagraha of 1928.
- He successfully worked for integration of 565 princely states into India and played a key role in the establishment of the All India Services.
- Popularly known as Iron Man of India, patron saint of India's civil servants, Unifier of India, and Bismarck of India, Sardar Patel was posthumously awarded Bharat Ratna in 1991.
- His birth anniversary is annually commemorated as Rashtriya Ekta Diwas (National Unity Day) since 2014.
- World’s tallest statue, the Statue of Unity, was inaugurated and dedicated to Sardar Patel at his 143rd birth anniversary on 31 October 2018.