The Hindu Vocabulary 16 May 2022

2022-05-16

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 16 May 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Change of guard: On BJP's course correction in Tripura.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Change of Guard

Idiom

A change in leadership of something.

(कोई भी स्थिति जिसमें किसी व्यक्ति या समूह को किसी संगठन में किसी कार्य या जिम्मेदारियों के लिए किसी अन्य व्यक्ति या समूह द्वारा प्रतिस्थापित किया जाता है।)

-

-

There has been a change of guard in the Tripura government.

Correction

Noun

The process of correcting something.

A decline in market price.

(सुधार/ संशोधन)

Alteration, Amelioration, Amendment, Editing, Admonition, Castigation

Damage, Harm, Hurt, Injury, Allowance, Blunder

You need to make these corrections before submitting the final report.

Evidence

Noun

Something that tends to prove or disprove something.

(सबूत)

Attestation, Confirmation, Proof, Substantiation

Disproof, Conceal, Hide, Obscure

There was a video recording that has been submitted as a piece of evidence.

Abrupt

Adjective

Sudden and unexpected.

Changing suddenly.

Rude in speech.

(आकस्मिक/ अकस्मात/ एकाएक/ विषम)

Blunt, Brusque, Crude, Crusty, Hasty, Hurried, Precipitous, Quick

Calm, Expected, Lazy, Slow

Uncle John’s abrupt departure made my son sad.

Anticipate

Verb

To foresee.

To look forward to.

To nullify by taking countermeasures.

To expect something.

To perform an action before another has acted.

(पूर्वानुमान करना/ प्रत्याशा करना/ पहले ही विचार कर लेना) 

Await, Expect, Hope, Assume, Forecast, See, Visualize, Forestall, Prevent

Doubt, Surprised, Amazed, Allow, Forward

Raul anticipated that his cousin is going to file a case against him.

Rebellion

Noun

Opposition to one in authority.

Resistance to any authority.

(गदर/ विद्रोह/ राज-द्रोह/ बगावत)

Insurgence, Insurrection, Mutiny, Outbreak, Revolt, Uprising, Apostasy, Revolution

Obedience, Submission, Calm, Orthodoxy

The army has handled all the rebellions.

Predecessor

Noun

A person who precedes another in the office.

Ancestor.

(पूर्वज/ पुरखा/ पूर्ववर्ती/ पूर्वाधिकारी)

Antecedent, Archetype, Daddy, Foregoer, Forerunner, Forebear, Former, Antecedent

Derivative, Descendant, Successor

My predecessors were the founders of this village.

Credential

Noun

Evidence or authority of status.

Certified documents or information that identifies an account.

(साख/ स्थिति का प्रमाण या अधिकार/ प्रमाणित दस्तावेज़ या जानकारी जो किसी खाते की पहचान करती है।)

Authentic, Conceivable, Convincing, Credible, Persuasive, Plausible, Authorization, Certification

Implausible, Improbable, Inconceivable, Incredible, Breach, Break

I asked him for the credentials to log in and check the issue.

Verb

To give credentials to someone for academic or professional purposes.

(शैक्षणिक या व्यावसायिक उद्देश्यों के लिए किसी को साख देना।)

-

-

Shreya has been credentialled to serve in the territorial army.

Adjective

Providing the basis of confidence.

(विश्वास का आधार प्रदान करना।)

-

-

The credential holders were required to assist people in the vaccination drive.

Be on Tenterhooks

Phrase

To be very nervous and excited about what is going to happen.

(क्या होने जा रहा है इसके बारे में बहुत बेचैन और उत्साहित होना।)

-

-

The uncertainty of the share market kept me on tenterhooks.

Bastion

Noun

A fortified area or position.

Anything seen as protecting some condition.

(बुर्ज/ गढ़/ गरगज)

Bulwark, Citadel, Mainstay, Fortress

Weakness

The army returned to its bastion in the mountains.

Ideological

Adjective

Relating to ideology.

(विचारधारा)

Doctrinaire, Ideation, Quixotic, Visionary, Abstract, Cerebral, Imaginative, Analytical

Latitudinarian, Practical, Unsentimental, Broadminded

Those who switch political parties have no ideological preference.

Wobble

Noun

An unequal motion.

(अगल-बगल से एक अस्थिर गति।)

-

-

They found that handles are developing wobble while walking on the wooden bridge.

Verb

To move in an irregular motion.

(लडखडाना/ घूमना)

Agitate, Bucket, Convulse, Jerk, Jiggle, Shake, Vibrate, Careen, Flounder, Lurch

Stay, Steady, Remain

The chair wobbled when I sat on it.

Churn

Noun

A container in which cream is shaken to make butter.

A regular process in a business in which existing customers are lost and new customers are added.

(आलोड़न/ एक कंटेनर जिसमें मक्खन बनाने के लिए क्रीम को हिलाया जाता है।)

-

-

The factory gave an order to install large-size churns.

Verb

To stir violently.

To agitate milk or cream to make butter.

(मक्खन बनाने के लिए दूध या मलाई को हिलाना|/ हिंसक हलचल करना)

Boil, Bubble, Simmer, Swirl

Freeze

The farmer churns the cream to make butter at their farm.

Rhetoric

Noun

The art or ability to use language effectively.

(भाषण कला)

Hyperbole, Oratory, Address, Bombast

Quiet, Conciseness

Global leaders are ramping up the harsh rhetoric against Russia to pressurize it to stop the war.

Crossover

Noun

A bridge or other structure for crossing a river.

A place of crossing to another side from one side.

An instance of a member of one political party voting in favour of another political party.

(विदेशी/ एक ओर से दूसरी ओर जाने का स्थान।)

Span, Traverse, Unite, Attach

Disconnect, Separate, Disjoin, Divide

Only a few crossovers from singing to acting have been successful in Bollywood.

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?