The Hindu Vocabulary 17 May 2022

2022-05-17

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 17 May 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Fuel to fire: On Finland joining NATO’.

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Invade

Verb

Enter someone's land or property without permission to occupy it.

(आक्रमण करना)

Trespass, Infringe, Exploit, Offend, Enter, Conquer, Pervade

Leave, Withdraw, Quit, Abandon, Vacate

The forces did not invade the neighbouring country.

Expansion

Noun

The act of expanding.

The increase in size or scope.

(विस्तार)

Development, Enlargement, Dilation, Increase

Abridgment, Reduction, Compression, Decrease

The expansion of terrorist organisations is a major concern for all the governments across the globe.

Delay

Verb

Cause stop in action

Adjourn, Block, Defer, Hamper, Withhold

Abandon, Advance, Aid, Allow, Assist

My flight got delayed by 2 hours.

Noun

Deferment

Lag, Postponement, Problem, Setback, Stoppage

Continuation, Advance, Aid, Assistance, Help

There shall be no further delay in delivering the order.

Alliance

Adjective

An association between two or more persons, groups or countries.

(गठबंधन)

Accord, Affiliation, Affinity, Engagement

Detachment, Hatred, Disagreement, Disconnection

The NATO alliance is looking forward to the expansion.

Noun

A union between people, groups, countries, etc. (सन्धि)

Accord, Compact, Convention, Pact

-

Will you become part of the new alliance?

Strengthen

Verb

Make or become stronger.

(मजबूत बनाना)

Enhance, Encourage, Restore, Toughen, Uphold

Discourage, Dishearten, Dissuade, Fail

His father’s words strengthened his mind to achieve the goal.

Strategic

Adjective

Relating to the identification of long-term or overall aims and interests and the means of achieving them.

(सामरिक)

Planned, Calculated, Deliberate, Tactical, Judicious, Critical

Inessential, Insignificant, Trivial, Unplanned

Russia’s strategic move to weaken NATO seems futile.

Hostile

Adjective

Showing or feeling opposition or dislike; unfriendly.

(शत्रुतापूर्ण)

Antagonistic, Aggressive, Confrontational, Belligerent, Bellicose, Pugnacious

Inhostile, Calm, Friendly, Mild, Clement, Forgiving

The two countries share a hostile past.

Cede

Verb

Give up (power or territory).

(सौंपना)

Capitulate, Concede, Give in, Grant, Relinquish

Fight, Hold, Keep, Refuse, Disallow

Mr. Singh ceded control of the company to his son.

Induct

Verb

Admit (someone) formally to a position or organization.

(प्रतिष्ठापित करना)

Conscript, Enlist, Inaugurate, Recruit, Initiate

Close, End, Finish, Take away, Expel

He was inducted into the new programme.

Unanimously

Adverb

Without opposition; with the agreement of all people involved.

(सर्वसम्मति से)

Collectively, Commonly, Consistently, Universally, Agreeingly

Differently, Divergently, Opposite

The decisions within the council are taken unanimously.

Threaten

Verb

State one's intention to take hostile action against someone in retribution for something done or not done.

(धमकी देना)

Intimidate, Menace, Scare, Abuse, Admonish, Augur, Enforce

Assist, Help, Approve, Defend, Commend, Compliment

He threatened to harm my brother if I did not give in.

Retaliation

Noun

The action of returning a military attack

(प्रतिशोध)

Punishment, Reprisal, Retribution, Vengeance, Revenge

Forgiveness, Pardon, Sympathy

The attack was in retaliation for the bombings on the air force base.

Sovereign

Adjective

Possessing supreme or ultimate power.

(सार्वभौम)

Absolute, Autonomous, Unlimited, Ascendant, Imperial, Effectual

Limited, Dependent, Restricted, Minor, Secondary

Finland is a sovereign nation.

Escalate

Verb

Increase rapidly

(तीव्र करना)

Soar, Shoot up, Mount, Surge, Go up, Expand

Decline, Decrease, Diminish, Drop, Reduce

Ramesh escalated the fight by abusing Shailendra.

Aggression

Noun

Any offensive action.

A forceful action that intends to dominate.

(आक्रामकता)

Bellicosity, Defiance, Pugnacity, Assault, Invasion, Offensive, Hostility

Calmness, Quiet

Your aggression at the work place may cost you heavily.

Halt

Verb

Cause to stop

(अचानक रुक जाना)

 

Adjourn, Suspend, Arrest, Bar, Terminate

Aid, Allow, Assist, Commence, Continue, Encourage

Russia should halt the war on Ukraine.

Noun

A suspension of movement or activity, typically a temporary one.

(विराम)

 

 

There was a halt in the production due to absence of workers.

Crisis

Noun

A time of extreme difficulty.

A situation that has reached a critical phase.

(संकट)

Catastrophe, Change, Crunch, Emergency

Agreement, Benefit, Blessing, Breakthrough, Calm

I don’t know how to handle the current crisis going at the school.

 

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Question Of The Day

With reference to the “G20 Common Framework”, consider the following statements:

1. It is an initiative endorsed by the G20 together with the Paris Club.

2. It is an initiative to support Low Income Countries with unsustainable debt.

Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?