The Hindu Vocabulary 18 May 2022

2022-05-18

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 18 May 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Crisis and opportunity: On Sri Lanka political crisis.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Crisis

Noun

A time of extreme difficulty.

A situation that has reached a critical phase.

(संकट)

Catastrophe, Change, Crunch, Emergency

Agreement, Benefit, Blessing, Breakthrough, Calm

The people of Sri Lanka hope that the new Prime Minister will handle the economic crisis.

Disprove

Verb

To prove something to be false or wrong.

(असत्य सिद्ध करना)

Belie, Confound, Confute, Falsify, Refute, Discredit, Impugn, Rebut

Agree, Approve, Concede, Permit, Confirm, Prove, Verify, Validate

Many videos try to disprove NASA’s Moon landing.

Detractor

Noun

A person who criticizes someone or something.

A person who tries to degrade the value or reputation of someone or something.

(आलोचक/ समीक्षक/ निन्दा करनेवाला/ बदनामी लगानेवाला)

Critic, Depreciator, Defamer, Censor, Derogator, Denigrator, Belittler, Attacker

Commender, Praiser, Comforter, Solace, Supporter, Bodyguard

Films with political agendas have a huge number of detractors and admirers.

Adage

Noun

A saying often in a metaphorical form that expresses a common observation.

(कहावत/ लोकोक्ति/ सुक्ति/ कथन)

Aphorism, Axiom, Maxim, Motto, Precept, Dictum, Saying, Word

-

Seeing his waste of money, his wife reminded him of the adage – money saved is money earned.

Pitchfork

Noun

A large long fork with some curved prongs used for lifting hay, some stacks, etc.

(सूखी घास इत्यादि की टाल लगाने का नोकदार डंडा)

-

-

The Greek letter psi looks like a pitchfork.

Verb

To lift with a pitchfork.

To lift or throw to a height or higher level.

(एक पिचफ़र्क के साथ उठाना।/ ऊँचाई या ऊँचे स्तर पर उठाना या फेंकना।)

-

-

He has been pitchforked to the post of Prime Minister.

Erstwhile

Adjective

In the past.

(भूतपूर्व)

Once, Bygone, Ex, Late, Past, Preceding

Present, Future

He is now planning to befriend his family’s erstwhile rivals.

Extraordinary

Adjective

Beyond what is usual.

Employed on special service.

Having extremely special quality.

(असाधारण/ अपूर्व/ निराला/ न्यारा/ विशेष)

Amazing, Bizarre, Curious, Exceptional, Fantastic, Incredible, Aberrant, Peculiar

Common, Customary, Normal, Ordinary, Believable, Common

Roger has some extraordinary cooking skills.

Brushed

Adjective

A piece of fabric finished with a nap.

A polished fabric that is not shiny.

(नरम उठी हुई/ एक गैर-परछांई देने वाली सतह के बनना |)

Coated, Encrusted, Faced, Stuffed

-

The sheets are made with double-brushed cotton.

Viable

Adjective

Capable of working successfully; feasible.

(व्यवहार्य)

Workable, Feasible, Practicable, Practical, Usable

Impracticable, Unworkable, Unfeasible, Inoperable

It does not seem viable for any country as of now to completely eradicate coal dependency.

Consortium

Noun

Any association or union.

An agreement formed to carry into effect some financial operations requiring resources more than that of a single member.

(संघ)

Association, Board, Council, League

Division, Detachment, Parting, Separation

Many consortiums are willing to help poor countries financially and through technology.

Stricken

Adjective

Affected by some unpleasant condition.

Made incapable or unfit.

Deeply affected as with disease.

(त्रस्त/ घायल/ चोट खाये हुए/ शिकार में जख्मी)

Harmed, Injured, Wounded, Struck, Afflicted, Disabled, Harmed

Unaffected

The stricken mountains have not seen such fire in centuries.

Ensure

Verb

To secure or make certain.

To guarantee.

(सुनिश्चित करना)

Assure, Guarantee, Secure, Protect

Endanger, Harm, Ignore, Injure

I ensure you that you will be paid in full by the end of this year.

Abolish

Verb

To do away with.

To end the effect of something.

(समाप्त करना/ उन्मूलन करना/ रद्द करना)

Abrogate, Annul, Cancel, Dissolve, Eradicate, Overthrow, Prohibit, Vacate

Allow, Approve, Create, Establish, Begin, Institute, Construct, Permit, Confirm, Sanction

Abolishing tax will be a sure bet to winning the election but it would shake the country’s economy.

Amendment

Noun

 

The process of altering a law in a constitutional procedure.

A material that aids plant growth by improving the soil condition.

(संशोधन)

Change, Modification, reform, Remedy, Act, Bill, Measure, Motion

Damage, Harm, Injury, Repose

It is important to know about constitutional amendments to prepare for Indian Polity.

Squander

Verb

Waste (something, especially money or time) in a reckless and foolish manner.

(गंवाना)

Blow, Expend, Lavish, Misuse, Waste

Hoard, Save, Accumulate, Gather

She squandered her money in the share market.

Burden

Noun

Something that is carried.

Something that is oppressive, worrisome, or obligatory.

(बोझ)

Chorus, Refrain, Haul, Concern, Onus, Anxiety, Difficulty, Strain

Advantage, Aid, Assistance, Benefit

You are free from burden today, you can go home.

Verb

To load heavily.

(बोझ लादना)

Afflict, Bother, Depress, Encumber

Aid, Allow, Assist, Cheer

I asked the manager to not burden him much as he is feeling sick.

Stability

Noun

The quality of being stable.

Resistance to change.

(स्थिरता/ मज़बूती)

Balance, Cohesion, Establishment, Security, Firmness, Soundness, Strength, Sturdiness

Insecurity, Instability, Precariousness, Shakiness

The conditions are moving towards stability after a long period of instability.

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Question Of The Day

With reference to the “G20 Common Framework”, consider the following statements:

1. It is an initiative endorsed by the G20 together with the Paris Club.

2. It is an initiative to support Low Income Countries with unsustainable debt.

Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?