The Hindu Vocabulary 19 May 2022

2022-05-19

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 19 May 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Symbolism and beyond: On PM Modi’s visit to Lumbini.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Symbolism

Noun

The practice of representing things by symbols.

The act of conveying some invisible meaning using visible representations.

(प्रतीकवाद)

Metaphor, Analogy, Comparison

-

The movie scene was rich in symbolism that it doesn’t require any explanation.

Regime

Noun

A system of government.

A government in power.

(प्रशासन)

Administration, Establishment, Government, Management

-

The capitalist order gives rise to harsh regimes.

Penchant

Noun

A strong liking for something.

(लगन/ झुकाव/ रुचि / प्रवृत्ति)

Affection, Affinity, Predilection, Proclivity

Antipathy, Dislike, Hate, Disinclination

Movie actors’ penchant for privacy can be understood as they are always in the public eye.

Pronounced

Adjective

Strongly marked.

Clearly indicated.

(उच्चारण/ स्पष्ट/ निर्णय किया हुआ/ अति स्पष्ट)

Conspicuous, Definite, Decided, Noticeable, Bodacious, Dramatic, Prominent, Splashy

Ambiguous, Indistinct, Obscure, Indefinite, Inconspicuous, Unobtrusive, Unremarkable, Unshowy

The public has a pronounced view on whom to elect.

Preponderance

Noun

The quality of being greater in number.

The quality of being superior.

(प्रधानता/ प्रमुखता/ प्राबल्य/ अधिकता/ बहुतायत)

Distinction, Dominance, Eminence, Paramountcy, Preeminence, Preponderancy, Prestigiousness, Advantage

Disadvantage, Subordination, Surrender, Inferiority

There has been a preponderance of investors in cryptocurrencies.

Counterpart

Noun

A person or thing that corresponds to or has the same function as another person or thing in a different place or situation.

A thing that fits another perfectly.

One having the same functions as another.

(समकक्ष/ प्रतिरूप/ प्रतिस्थानी/ प्रतिलेख)

Equivalent, Peer, Equal, Parallel, Match, Coequal, Compeer, Fellow, Match, Doppelganger

Enemy, Foe, Adversary, Rival, Opposite

I went to my Australian counterpart to discuss both teams giving tribute to the former cricketer.

Unequivocally

Adverb

In a way that is clear.

In a way that leaves no doubt.

(स्पष्ट)

Clearly, Determinedly, Distinctly, Downright, Positively, Absolutely, Clearly, Decidedly, Candidly, Honestly

Doubtfully, Doubtedly, Dubiously, Questionable, Indirectly

The use of fossil fuels is unequivocally polluting the planet.

Coincide

Verb

To occupy the same place in space or time.

To be in agreement.

To correspond in nature, character, function, etc.

(मेल खाना/ सन्निपतित होना/ मिलना-जुलना/ एक साथ होना/ सम्पाती होना)

Concur, Correspond, Jibe, Accompany

Differ, Disagree, Protest, Dissent

My opinion mostly coincides with my wife’s opinion.

Prominent

Adjective

Readily noticeable.

Widely known.

Standing out beyond a surface or line.

(प्रमुख/ मुख्य/ महत्त्वपूर्ण/ प्रसिद्ध/ विशिष्ठ/ बाहर निकला हुआ)

Arresting, Bodacious, Bold, Catchy, Conspicuous, Dramatic, Outstanding, Bulging

Depressed, Invisible, Obscure, Inconspicuous

He is the most prominent person in his entire family.

Irritant

Noun

A thing that is continually annoying or distracting.

 (उत्तेजक)

Aggravation, Bother, Burden, Nuisance, Trouble

Aid, Happiness, Help

Her skin gets affected when she is exposed to some particular irritant.

Adjective

Causing slight inflammation or other discomforts to the body.

(प्रकोपक)

-

-

The smoky irritant was coming out of the kitchen while she was cooking.

Predecessor

Noun

A person who precedes another in the office.

Ancestor.

(पूर्वज/ पुरखा/ पूर्ववर्ती/ पूर्वाधिकारी)

Antecedent, Archetype, Daddy, Foregoer, Forerunner, Forebear, Former, Antecedent

Derivative, Descendant, Successor

The predecessor of this post has always kept the nation first.

Bonhomie

Noun

Frank and simple good-heartedness.

Good-natured.

(खुशमिज़ाजी/ अच्छा स्वभाव/ मोद प्रियता)

Agreeability, Affability, Amiableness, Congeniality

Enmity, Hostility, Animosity, Friction, Aloofness, Coldness

A bonhomie was felt from him.

Emphasise

Verb

To stress upon something.

To place emphasis on something.

To give prominence to something.

(ज़ोर देना/ गुरुता के साथ उच्चारण करना / प्रमुख बनाना/ महत्त्व पर ज़ोर देना)

Accentuate, Affirm, Assert, Highlight, Indicate, Maintain, Reiterate, Repeat

Deny, Mumble, Forget, Lose

You need to emphasise the weak areas to get good marks.

Substantial

Adjective

 

Of considerable amount.

Of real worth or importance.

Not imaginary.

Firmly constructed.

(संतोषजनक/ वास्तविक/ भौतिक/ वस्तुगत)

Big, Consequential, Earthshaking, Eventful, Major, Momentous, Significant, Weighty, Extraordinary, Massive

Broken, Inconsiderable, Insignificant, Intermittent

He has stolen a substantial amount of money from me.

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Question Of The Day

With reference to the “G20 Common Framework”, consider the following statements:

1. It is an initiative endorsed by the G20 together with the Paris Club.

2. It is an initiative to support Low Income Countries with unsustainable debt.

Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?