The Hindu Vocabulary 7 January 2023

2023-01-07

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 7 January 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘A brief respite: On Russia’s Orthodox Christmas truce in Ukraine'.

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Respite

Noun

A delay for a time.

Temporary suspension of the execution of a person condemned to death.

A period of temporary delay.

(मोहलत/ स्थगितकरण)

Breather, Downtime, Hiatus, Interruption, Lull, Recess, Relief, Reprieve

Continuation, Advance, Beginning, Blame

It has been months since they had any respite from shellfire.

Verb

To grant a temporary period of relief to.

(टालना/ टाल देना/ मुलतवी करना/ स्थगित करना)

-

-

The solution included respite from sunlight and regular hydration.

Adjective

Providing temporary care in relief of a primary caregiver.

(प्राथमिक देखभालकर्ता की राहत में अस्थायी देखभाल प्रदान करना।)

-

-

They requested for respite care for their newborn.

Orthodox

Adjective

(of a person or their views, especially religious or political ones, or other beliefs or practices) conforming to what is generally or traditionally accepted as right or true; established and approved.

Traditional

(रूढ़िवादी)

Authoritative, Canonical, Conservative, Conventional, Customary

Heterodox, Unorthodox, Untraditional, Unconventional

Her family was orthodox and because of this she was afraid of a love marriage.

Truce

Noun

A suspension of hostilities by mutual agreement of the parties involved.

A temporary respite.

(युद्धविराम संधि)

Accord, Amnesty, Lull, Peace

Continuation, War, Disagreement, Persistence

The peace-loving nations are hoping for a truce between Russia and Ukraine.

Verb

To make a peace treaty.

(शांति संधि करना)

-

-

Both the brothers have truced after a series of discussions.

Temporary

Noun

One serving for a limited time.

(एक कार्यालय कार्यकर्ता को कम समय के लिए काम पर रखना |)

Temp, Labourer, Workman, Colleague

Employer, Boss, Supervisor, Gaffer

We hired some temporaries to get the backlog completed.

Adjective

Lasting for a limited time.

(अस्थायी/ अल्पकालिक)

Brief, Interim, Limited, Makeshift

Enduring, Lasting, Lengthy, Permanent

The medicine will give only temporary relief from the pain.

Ceasefire

Noun

A cessation of hostilities.

(संघर्ष विराम)

Armistice, Truce

Fight, War

Many times Pakistan has violated the ceasefire.

Cope

Verb

To struggle or deal.

To face the responsibilities.

(डटकर मुकाबला करना/ सामना करना/ लड़ना/ नियंत्रण संभालना)

Confront, Endure, Get by, Grapple

Hold, Keep, Refuse, Retreat

It was not easy for me to cope with the challenges in a foreign country.

Casualty

Noun

Accident.

A person killed or injured in a war or accident.

(दुर्घटना/ दुर्घटना का शिकार/ हादसा/ आकस्मिक दुर्घटना)

Blow, Calamity, Catastrophe, Disaster

Blessing, Happiness, Wonder, Miracle

There are many casualties reported in the incident.

Setback

Noun

A checking of progress.

An instance of setting back.

A reversal in progress.

(नाकामयाबी/ देर/ विलंब/ गिरना)

Blow, Defeat, Delay, Difficulty, Hindrance, Impediment, Misfortune, Obstacle

Advance, Assistance, Advantage, Aid

Many members of our party joined the opposition party and this became a setback for us.

Replenish

Verb

To make full or complete again.

To supply with fresh fuel.

To fill again.

To fill with inspiration or power.

(भरपाई / फिर से भरना / पुनःपूर्ति करना)

Refill, Refresh, Restock, Restore, Furnish, Provide, Provision, Reload

Damage, Deplete, Waste

Our backup team replenished the supply of fuel.  

Territorial

Adjective

Associated with a particular area or territory.

(क्षेत्रीय)

Provincial, Sectional, National

Universal

The territorial disputes between India and Sri Lanka have caused many fisherfolks to get arrested in each other’s territories.

Noun

A member of the territorial army.

(प्रादेशिक सेना के एक सदस्य)

-

-

Rakesh has become territorial.

Momentum

Noun

Force or speed of movement.

Strength or force gained by motion or by a series of events.

If a process gains momentum, it means it is developing or growing.

In physics, momentum is the mass of a body multiplied by its velocity.

(गति/ वेग/ चाल/ गति-मात्रा)

Energy, Power, Strength, Drive

Lethargy, Weakness

Our idea gained momentum once we launched our app.

Bankrolled

Verb

To supply money.

(धन की आपूर्ति करना)

Finance, Subsidize, Back, Capitalize

-

He has bankrolled our start-up.

Swathe

Noun

A band of linen.

(तह)

-

-

They wrapped the fragile items inside a canvas swathe and then bubble-wrapped them.

Verb

To wrap fully.

(लपेटना)

Bandage, Clothe

Uncover

The workers swathed all the products with bubble wrap.

Bombardment

Noun

A continuous attack.

An overwhelming quantity or barrage of something.

(बमबारी/ गोलाबाज़ी)

Assault, Attack, Blitz, Bombing

Defense

Priyanka was surprised by the bombardment of questions by his father.

Critical

Adjective

Inclined to criticize severely.

Exercising judicious evaluation.

Of the nature of a crisis.

Some important juncture.

(गंभीर/ आलोचनात्मक/ नाजुक/ फुलाना/ आलोचनावादी)

Demanding, Analytical, Belittling, Biting, Crucial, Dangerous, Decisive, Dire, Carping, Rejective

Complimentary, Praising, Trivial, Laudatory, Certain, Inessential, Minor, Safe, Uncritical

The report covers the critical analysis of the government strategies and schemes.

Disrupt

Verb

Interrupt (an event, activity, or process) by causing a disturbance or problem.

(अस्त-व्यस्त)

Disturb, Rattle, Disorder, Obstruct, Intrude

Organize, Soothe, Calm, Appease

The new Environment policy has disrupted the industries alongside rivers.

Armour

Noun

defensive covering for the body

a quality or circumstance that affords protection

(कवच)

Ammunition, Buckler, Cover, Defence, Guard, Protection, Screen, Security

Answer, Misunderstand

The new type of tank armours is being developed for our Army.

Escalate

Verb

Increase rapidly

(तीव्र करना)

Expand, Grow, Intensify, Raise

Decline, Decrease, Diminish, Drop

Prime Minister appealed to the fellow citizens not to escalate the protests.

Conflict

Verb

To come into the disagreement.

(टकराव)

Differ, Disagree, Vary, Disturb

Agree, Consent, Accord, Conform

Both of them conflicted at the marriage over a silly point.

Noun

A fight or battle

(झगड़ा)

Disaccord, Discordance, Dissension, Division, War

Accord, Agreement, Harmony, Peace

My colleagues were worried about my conflict with my boss.

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Select the option that is related to the third number in the same way as the second number is related to the first number.

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