The Hindu Vocabulary 9 January 2023

2023-01-09

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 9 January 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘A timely halt: On the Haldwani eviction issue’.

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Eviction

Noun

The act of forcing a tenant to vacate a property.

The act of forcing someone to leave.

(निष्कासन/ बेदखली/ निष्कासन/बेदख़ली)

Dispossession, Ejection, Expulsion, Ouster

Admittance, Boarding, Including, Leasing

We have threatened our tenant for eviction in case they do not maintain our house and return it to the condition in which it was given to them, within a week.

Rehabilitation

Noun

Restoration.

The process of rehabilitating.

(पुनर्वास)

Improvement, Reconstruction, Repair, Recovery

Damage, Harm, Hurt, Injury

A rehabilitation center is being built for those who have suffered a natural disaster.

Norm

Noun

A standard model that has authoritative approval.

(मानदंड)

Benchmark, Criterion, Model, Rule

Extreme, Exception,

In modern times, small families have become the norm.

Intervention

Noun

The action or process of intervening.

(हस्तक्षेप)

Interference, Mediation, Arbitration, Intercession

-

Any sort of intervention in my team will not be tolerated.

Occupant

Noun

A person or family that occupies something.

A tenant of a house, office, or other areas.

(निवासी/ ठेकेदार/ किरायेदार/ पट्टेदार)

Denizen, Dweller, Holder, Incumbent

Displaced Person, Evicted Person

All the occupants left the place before the fire broke out.

Accuse

Verb

To charge (someone) with an offense or crime.

(आरोप लगाना)

Allege, Arrest, Attack, Blame, Summon

Applaud, Approve, Defend, Exculpate, Exonerate

Kamlesh was accused of corruption in the RTO office.

Squat

Adjective

Short and thickest.

Low and thick.

(फूहड़/ नाटा और मोटा/ पलथी मारे हुए/ निहुरा हुआ)

Chunky, Squatty, Stubby, Dumpy

Slight, Small, Thin, Lanky

The tree had a squat shape.

Verb

To sit in a low position with the legs drawn up closely.

To occupy a property as a squatter.

(बैठना/ उकडूँ बैठना/ पालथी मारना)

Cower, Crouch, Hunch, Perch

Stand, Straighten, Stretch

His family has been squatting in my house for years without paying a penny.

Slew

Noun

A large number of things.

(निहत/ अनेकता/ मोड़/ दलदल)

Abundance, Aggregation, Batch, Bunch

Individual, Lack, Debt, Ditch

He has a slew of novels in his office drawer.

Verb

To turn something about a fixed point that is usually the axis.

To put to death deliberately.

(घूमना/ झूलना/ झुलाना/ मदहोश करना)

Carried off, Dispatched, Assassinated, Executed

Raised, Nurtured, Animated, Restored

He slewed the camera towards the center of the stadium.

Entail

Verb

To cause as a consequence.

To impose as a necessary accompaniment. (असंतोष/ वैमनस्य/ अमित्रता/ नाराज़गी)

Necessitate, Encompass, Cause, Demand

Exclude, Omit

My father’s decision entailed huge political risks.

Underscore

Verb

To emphasize.

(ज़ोर देना)

Highlight, Spotlight, Stress, Weight, Accentuate, Prioritize

Understate, Play down, Downplay, Underrate

The boss asked to underscore all necessary points of the meeting.

Litigation

Noun

The process of taking legal action

(मुकदमेबाज़ी)

Action, Case, Dispute, Lawsuit, Prosecution

-

The litigation against the organization has caused serious damage to its reputation of the organization.

Memorandum

Noun

A written message in business or diplomacy.

(ज्ञापन)

Announcement, Letter, Memo, Notice

-

A memorandum of understanding was signed between both trusts.

Escheat

Noun

The reverting of property to the state, where there is a failure of persons legally qualified to inherit.

(लावारिस राजगामी संपत्ति)

-

-

The property was taken by the king by the right of escheat.

Verb

To revert to the crown.

To revert to a lord or the state.

(राजगामी होना)

-

-

In some regions, the unclaimed property does not generally escheat to the state.

Purport

Verb

To present the appearance falsely.

(अर्थ लगाना/ तात्पर्थ बतलाना/ दावा करना)

Imply, Pretend, Profess, Allege, Betoken, Claim

Conceal, Disclaim, Hide, Deny

Rahul purported the data and vision of his company smoothly but nobody was able to catch him.

Noun

The meaning or sense.

Meaning conveyed.

(मुराद/ अभिप्राय/ मुद्दा)

Acceptation, Aim, Bearing, Burden, Drift, Message

Exterior, Insignificance, Outside, Meaninglessness

Only Rashmi understood the purport of your comments.

Saga

Noun

A story or narrative about a place, group, or event.

(कथा)

Adventure, Chronicle, Epic, Narrative

-

Kanika wrote her life’s saga in an autobiography.

Inadequate

Adjective

Not adequate or sufficient.

(अपर्याप्त)

Deficient, faulty, Incompetent, Incomplete

Able, Abundant, Adequate, Capable

Daniel was inadequate as a leader.

Encroach

Verb

To advance beyond the proper limits.

To enter by gradual steps into the possessions of others.

(अतिक्रमण करना/ अनधिकार प्रवेश करना/ दबा लेना/ अधिक्रमण करना)

Impinge, Infringe, Intrude, Trespass

Give, Ignore

The suburbs are encroaching further into the rural areas each year.

Evict

Verb

To expel a person from land or building.

To throw or force out.

(बेदख़ल करना)

Chase, Dislodge, Dismiss, Dispossess

Hold, Keep, Welcome, Admit

He was evicted from office by a revolt in the state.

Mandatory

Adjective

Compulsory or required by law.

 (अनिवार्य)

Binding, Compulsory, Obligatory, Essential, Forced, Imperative

Free, Inessential, Optional, Secondary, Voluntary

It is now mandatory to wear a seat belt even if you are sitting in the middle seat of a car.

Communal

Adjective

Belonging to a community.

Based on cultural groups.

(सांप्रदायिक)

Collaborative, Collective, Joint, Multiple

Exclusive, Individual, Single, Solitary, Unilateral

The elections are often tried to be converted into communal ones to distract the voters.

Clamour

Noun

A large public outcry.

Noisy shouting.

A loud continuous noise.

(कोलाहल/ शोर)

Agitation, Buzz, Ferment, Noise

Calm, Peace, Silence, Order

The clamour of everyone shouting at each other was very irritating.

Verb

To shout loudly and make a public demand.

(शोर मचाना/ चिल्लाना/ धूम मचाना)

 

 

There was a strong movement and a lot of people clamoured for political reforms.

Conflict

Verb

To come into the disagreement.

(टकराव)

Differ, Disagree, Vary, Disturb

Agree, Consent, Accord, Conform

Both managers conflicted in the meeting over a silly point.

Noun

A fight or battle

(झगड़ा)

Disaccord, Discordance, Dissension, Division, War

Accord, Agreement, Harmony, Peace

My wife had a conflict with her sister.

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Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

At the drop of a hat