The Hindu Vocabulary 6 January 2023

2023-01-06

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 6 January 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘Freedom in authority: On the right to free speech’.

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Authority

Noun

The power to determine or solve disputes.

Persons in command.

A governmental agency to administer a certain department.

(अधिकार/ प्राधिकार/ रोब)

Force, Government, Jurisdiction, Rule, Expert, Judge, Law, Sharp

Breach, Break, Disadvantage, Inferiority, Amateur, Inexpert, Nonexpert, Greenhorn

The authority has a right to issue orders to evacuate the area.

Curb

 

Noun

A raised edge or margin to confine.

Anything that restrains or confines.

(रोक/ प्रतिबंध)

Check, Condition, Constraint, Limitation, Restraint

Free, Ignore, Freedom, Encouragement

The government rolled out a new policy to put a curb on frauds.

Verb

To control or restrain.

(नियंत्रण करना)

Bridle, Check, Constrain, Control, Govern, Inhibit

Lose, Advance, Aid, Allow, Assist

The new law intends to curb the rise in food prices.

Verdict

Noun

The finding of a jury on a matter.

A decision.

(निर्णय/ अधिमत)

Answer, Award, Conclusion, Decision

Accusation

He gave his final verdict that he will not marry.

Functionary

Noun

 

A person who functions in a specified capacity.

(पदाधिकारी)

Assistant, Broker, Commissioner, Lawyer

-

The functionaries have arranged everything for the event.

Intemperate

Adjective

Having or showing a lack of self-control; immoderate.

(असंयमी)

Unrestrained, Immoderate, Inordinate, Extreme, Rampant, Unbounded, Unchecked

-

I was scared by the intemperate anger displayed by him.

Vicariously

Adverb

In a way that is experienced in the imagination through the actions of another person.

(परोक्ष तौर पर)

-

-

He was vicariously liable for theft conducted by his friend as he was aware of his plan.

Liable

Adjective

Responsible by law; legally answerable.

(उत्तरदायी)

Accountable, Amenable, Bound, Chargeable, Obligated

Irresponsible, Excusable, Unaccountable, Freed, Immune

Mansi is liable to pay Rs. 1 lakh to me.

Enforceable

Adjective

Something that can be enforced.

Able to be imposed.

(साध्य/ प्रवर्तनीय/ लागू करने योग्य)

Legal, Valid, Allowed, Correct

Illegitimate, Invalid, Unacceptable, Wrong, Illegal, Forbidden, Outlawed

The opposition passed the resolution to make anti-corruption law enforceable.

Exhaustive

Adjective

Including all possibilities.

(संपूर्ण/ विस्तृत)

Comprehensive, Encyclopaedic, Extensive, Full-scale

Exclusive, Incomplete, Narrow, Incomprehensive

You should first conduct exhaustive research on this topic to get new ideas.

Judicial

Adjective

About court proceedings.

Ordered by the court.

Sanctioned by a court.

Giving judgment.

Inclined to make judgments.

By a court or a judge.

(अदालती/ न्यायतंत्र/ न्यायालय-संबंधी)

Juridical, Administrative, Authoritative, Constitutional

Illegal

Not everyone was happy with the judicial order to shift to new homes.

Fiat

Noun

A formal authorization or proposition or a decree

(व्यवस्थापत्र)

Decree, Order, Command, Injunction, Mandate, Dictum, Precept, Proclamation

Denial, Disapproval, Veto, Opposition

The manager issued a fiat that everyone should wear a formal dress in the office.

Attribute

Noun

A quality or characteristic of someone or something.

(गुण)

Aspect, Characteristic, Facet, Peculiarity

-

Determination and perseverance are some of the attributes of my wife.

Verb

To explain something by indicating a cause.

To consider as a quality of a person.

(आरोपित करना)

Apply, Associate, Blame, Connect

Disconnect

The institute’s failure has been attributed to the wrong marketing strategy.

Instance

Noun

A case or occurrence of anything.

(उदाहरण)

Case, Example, Illustration, Prototype

Hide

The gunfire incidents are instances of wrong policy towards guns in the US.

Verb

To illustrate or mention as an example.

(उदाहरण के रूप में उद्धृत करें)

Adduce, Cite, Mention, Quote

Hide

Shubhendu instanced his encounter with a wild animal while we were discussing hikes and camping.

Probe

Noun

A crucial investigation.

(तहक़ीक़ात)

Examination, Exploration, Inquest, Research

Answer, Misunderstand

A probe was demanded by the family members in the accident case.

Verb

To search and explore thoroughly.

(परख करना)

Dig, Examine, Inquire, Penetrate

Ignore, Reply

The CBI is going to probe into the call records of the accused.

Utmost

Adjective

Of the greatest degree.

Being at the farthest point.

(अत्यंत/ अधिकतम)

Absolute, Sheer, Ultimate, Unconditional

Limited, Beginning, First, Introductory

Naresh’s testimony is of utmost importance in this case.

Utterance

Noun

An act of uttering.

Manner of speaking.

(कथन/ उक्ति/ बोल/ बोली)

Assertion, Pronouncement, Announcement, Articulation

Listening, Question, Quiet, Request

Every word in her public utterance was influential and effective.

Mere

Adjective

Being nothing more than.

Mere is used to emphasize how unimportant something is.

(मात्र/ केवल/ एकमात्र/ अकेला)

Bare, Minor, Pure, Sheer

Decorated, Indefinite, Uncertain, Abnormal

The mere idea of you going to hills during winter sounds ridiculous to me.

Framework

Noun

A basic structure or plan of concepts or rules.

A basic conceptional structure of ideas.

The large branches of the tree that determine its shape.

(रूपरेखा/ ढांचा/ तंत्र/ बनावट/ चौखटा)

Groundwork, Plan, Scheme, Structure, Cage, Architecture, Cadre, Edifice, Infrastructure, Skeleton

-

The structure was designed in such a way that an iron framework would surround the sculpture.

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Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

At the drop of a hat