The Hindu Vocabulary 25 July 2022

2022-07-25

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 25 July 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘A fine balance: On Tamil cinema’s outing at the National Awards.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Outing

Noun

A brief outdoor trip.

A sporting competition.

(सैर)

Excursion, Expedition, Picnic, Disclosure

 

-

We went for an outing to Ooty with our relatives.

Viable

Adjective

Capable of living.

Capable of working.

(जीवक्षम)

Applicable, Feasible, Workable, Possible

Impossible, Unlikely, Unfeasible, Unachievable

Investing 5 lakhs for 10 years in this scheme does not seem economically viable.

Fillip

Noun

Something which acts as a stimulus or boost to an activity.

(प्रोत्साहन)

Boost, Flip, Charge, Incentive

-

Online transactions have acted as a fillip to promote financial transparency.

Hogged

Verb

Keep or use all of (something) for oneself in an unfair or selfish way.

(अपने लिए (कुछ) अनुचित या स्वार्थी तरीके से रखना या उपयोग करना।)

Gobble up, Monopolize, Be greedy, Grab all of

-

Sheena hogged all the property of his father.

Limelight

Noun

The focus of public attention

(प्रमुख/ प्रसिद्ध/ महत्त्वपूर्ण/ प्रधान)

Outstanding, Arresting, Bulging, Embossed, Jutting, Marked, Noticeable, Obvious, Distinguished, Eminent, Great, Notable, Popular, Preeminent, Renowned, Respected

Depressed, Inconspicuous, Obscure, Sunken, Ordinary, Invisible, Inferior, Insignificant, Poor, Unimportant, Unknown

She was in the limelight as she became the first Indian to win a medal at Asian Games.

Fetch

Verb

Go for and then bring back (someone or something) for someone.


Achieve (a particular price) when sold.

(साफ़ साफ़ बोलना/ सन्धियुक्त/ जोड़ा हुआ/ गाँठदार)

Carry, Earn, Go for, Obtain, Produce, Retrieve, Sell, Conduct

-

You can read a magazine till your team members come to fetch you.

Acclaim

Noun

Enthusiastic and public praise

(प्रशंसा)

Applause, Commendation, Kudos, Praise, Rave, Recognition

Blame, Censure, Criticism, Disapproval, Condemnation, Denunciation

Neeraj Chopra won acclaim for his victory at the Oregon Games.

Verb

Praise enthusiastically and publicly.

(स्वागत करना)

Applaud, Extol, Hail, Laud, Approve, Boost, Compliment

Blame, Criticize, Censure, Condemn, Denounce, Disapprove, Discourage

Rishab was acclaimed for his contribution to the success of the new overseas project.

Anthology

Noun

A published collection of poems or other pieces of writing.

(एक महत्वपूर्ण सफलता।)

Album, Compendium, Compilation, Digest, Garland, Omnibus, Selection

-

I was reading an anthology of short stories by Ruskin Bond.

Delve

Verb

Reach inside a receptacle and search for something.

(उलट-पुलटकर ढूंढ़ना)

Burrow, Inquire, Dig, Dredge, Examine, Excavate, Explore, Rummage

Fill, Ignore, Neglect, Find

She delved for the lost keys in her bag.

Satire

Verb

The use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity or vices, particularly in the context of contemporary politics and other topical issues.

(हास्य व्यंग्य)

Banter, Irony, Mockery, Parody, Sarcasm, Spoof, Skit, Wit

Seriousness

A satire on the former Prime Minister cost him heavily.

Heartening

Adjective


Increasing cheerfulness or confidence; encouraging.

(खुशी)

Reassuring, Cheering, Promising, Hopeful, Likely, Supportive

-

His marriage proposal was the most heartening thing I have ever felt.

Despite

 

Preposition

In spite of

(इसके बावजूद)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

He came to see me despite it raining heavily.

Noun

The feeling of despising someone or insulting.

(विरोध)

Contempt, Contemptuousness, Disdain, Misprision

Respect, Regard, Favour, Estimation

You only earn my despite for your choice of life.

Tumultuous

Adjective

Marked by disturbance and uproar

(अंशातिप्रिय)

Loud, Thunderous, Fierce, Turbulent, Vociferous

Calm, Gentle, Moderate, Peaceful

A paradigm shift in the regime has caused a tumultuous political situation in the country.

Ensue

Verb

Happen or occur afterward or as a result.

(पीछा करना)

Arise, Befall, Come up, Emanate, Occur, Turn out, Follow, Attend

Cause, Cease, Disregard, Halt, Neglect, Precede, Repress

We will overcome all the challenges that ensued from our deal with food startups.

Instance

Noun

A case or occurrence of anything.

(उदाहरण)

Case, Example, Illustration, Prototype

Hide

You have to report every instance of breach of the rules in the organisation.  

Verb

To illustrate or mention as an example.

(उदाहरण के रूप में उद्धृत करें)

Adduce, Cite, Mention, Quote

Hide

Dr. Bennett instanced a case where he was to operate on a person with multiple head injuries.

Critical

Adjective

Inclined to criticize severely.

Exercising judicious evaluation.

Of the nature of a crisis.

Some important juncture.

(गंभीर/ आलोचनात्मक/ नाजुक/ फुलाना/ आलोचनावादी)

Demanding, Analytical, Belittling, Biting, Crucial, Dangerous, Decisive, Dire, Carping, Rejective

Complimentary, Praising, Trivial, Laudatory, Certain, Inessential, Minor, Safe, Uncritical

I want the critical analysis of our budget allocation to the projects by noon.

Strive

Verb

Make great efforts to achieve or obtain something.

(प्रयास करना)

Aim, Endeavor, Tackle, Seek

Neglect, Repress, Rest, Surrender

The players are striving hard to win medals at the Commonwealth Games.

 

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