The Hindu Vocabulary 5 November 2023

2023-11-05

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 4 November 2023 is from the Editorial titled “Action and authority: On Governors and implementation of decisions by elected regimes".

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Criticism

Noun

Analysis and judgment of the merits and faults of something, typically expressed as disapproval.

(आलोचना)

Censure, Disapproval, Blame, Rebuke, Denunciation, Reprimand, Condemnation, Opprobrium, Reproach, Slander

Praise, Approval, Commendation, Admiration, Appreciation, Plaudit, Acclaim, Applause, Approbation, Eulogy

Constructive criticism can often lead to improvement in one's work.

Undermine

Verb

To weaken or impair gradually, especially in a hidden or insidious manner.

(दुर्बल करना)

Weaken, Subvert, Erode, Sabotage, Subdue, Sow discord, Debilitate, Destabilize, Impair, Sap

Support, Strengthen, Bolster, Enhance, Reinforce, Fortify, Aid, Assist, Foster, Uphold

The constant negative comments began to undermine her confidence in her abilities.

Aggrieved

Adjective

Feeling resentment or injustice due to unfair treatment or injury.

(पीड़ित)

Distressed, Injured, Hurt, Wronged, Offended, Harmed, Afflicted, Suffering, Indignant, Maltreated

Content, Pleased, Untroubled, Gratified, Happy, Contented, Satisfied, Unperturbed, Unbothered, Unharmed

The aggrieved employee filed a complaint about unfair working conditions.

Remission

Noun

The temporary or permanent decrease or disappearance of a disease or symptom.

(क्षमा)

Lessening, Abatement, Subsiding, Diminution, Mitigation, Reduction, Relief, Amelioration, Alleviation, Decline

Worsening, Aggravation, Intensification, Deterioration, Escalation, Increase, Worsening, Heightening, Augmentation, Exacerbation

After undergoing treatment, the patient experienced a remission of the symptoms.

Prosecution

Noun

The act of prosecuting.

The party by which criminal proceedings are conducted.

The following up of something begun, to its completion.

(अभियोग पक्ष/ अभियोजन/ अभियोग)

Pursuit, Accomplishment, Execution, Achievement, Pursuance, Performance, Implementation, Perpetration, Commission

Defeat, Failure, Neglect, Nonfulfillment, Non-performance

The prosecution was not ready with the defence arguments.

Actualize

Verb

To bring into existence or make real.

(यथार्य करना)

Materialized, Achieved, Realized, Fulfilled, Accomplished, Attained, Implemented, Executed, Manifested, Established

Unrealized, Failed, Unachieved, Unfulfilled, Unaccomplished, Immaterialized, Unimplemented, Unexecuted, Unmanifested, Incomplete

His dream of starting his own business was finally actualized after years of hard work.

Assent

Verb

To express approval or agreement, typically officially.

(सहमति प्रकट करना)

Agreement, Consent, Approval, Acceptance, Concurrence, Ratification, Compliance, Accord, Sanction

Dissent, Disapproval, Rejection, Refusal, Denial, Disagreement, Dismissal, Opposition

The committee members gave their assent to the proposed changes in the policy.

Unfortunate

Adjective

Suffering from bad luck; unlucky or unfortunate.

(दुर्भाग्यशाली)

Unfortunate, Inauspicious, Luckless, Unlucky, Jinxed, Ill-fated, Cursed, Hapless

Lucky, Fortunate, Auspicious, Successful, Prosperous, Favored, Serendipitous, Charmed, Blessed

It's unfortunate that the rain ruined our outdoor plans.

 

Immediacy

Noun

The quality of being immediate or present; the state of being urgent or without delay.

(तत्कालता)

Urgency, Immediateness, Promptness, Swiftness, Instantaneousness, Instantaneity, Urgent, Exigency, Immediacy, Instancy

Delay, Procrastination, Postponement, Tardiness, Languor, Slowness, Laxity, Indolence, Delayed, Stalling

The immediacy of the situation required immediate action.

Impermissible

Adjective

Not allowed or permitted; not permissible by law, rules, or standards.

(नाजायज)

Forbidden, Prohibited, Banned, Disallowed, Illicit, Illegal, Unlawful, Taboo, Barred, Restricted

Allowed, Permissible, Acceptable, Legal, Authorized, Admissible, Legitimate, Lawful, Allowed, Permitted

It is impermissible to smoke in this area due to fire safety regulations.

Convey

Verb

To Transmit or communicate information, a message, or an idea to someone.

(बताना)

 Transmitting, Communicating, Transferring, Relaying, Imparting, Sending, Expressing, Dispatching, Conveying, Passing

Withholding, Concealing, Suppressing, Silencing, Muting, Stifling, Holding back, Keeping, Sealing, Burying

She was conveying her excitement through her animated gestures and expressions.

Explicitly

Adverb

Clearly and directly, leaving no room for confusion or doubt.

(स्पष्ट रूप से)

Clearly, Directly, Specifically, Precisely, Clearly, Manifestly

Implicitly, Indirectly, Vaguely, Ambiguously, Obscurely, Implicitly, Unclearly, Indistinctly, Impliedly, Murkily

She explicitly stated the terms and conditions of the contract.

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