The Hindu Vocabulary 7 November 2023

2023-11-07

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 7 November 2023 is from the Editorial titled “Tiding over: On north India and its annual air quality inflection point in November”.

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Inflection

Noun

 A change in pitch or tone of voice, especially in the context of grammar to indicate various meanings or attitudes.

(स्वर बदलना)

Modulation, Change, Tone, Pitch, Stress, Cadence, Emphasis, Accent, Intonation, Variation

Monotone, Uniformity, Flatness, Unvaried, Sameness, Continuity, Consistency, Steadiness

Her inflection indicated skepticism about the proposal.

Compliance

Noun

Acting in accordance with rules, orders, or requests; adhering to established guidelines or standards.

(अनुपालन)

Obedience, Adherence, Conformity, Accordance, Submission, Agreement, Observance, Conformance, Abidance, Fidelity

Defiance, Disobedience, Rebellion, Resistance, Nonconformity, Opposition, Insubordination, Rejection, Noncompliance, Disregard

Full compliance with the safety regulations is mandatory in this workplace.

Encounter

Verb

To come across or experience something, often unexpectedly.

(सामना)

Experience, Confront, Face, Meet, Confrontation, Meeting, Experience, Come across, Deal with, Confronting

Avoid, Evade, Dodge, Shun, Sidestep, Escape, Bypass, Elude, Ignore, Neglect

He encountered an old friend while walking through the park.

Recede

Verb

To move back or withdraw, especially from a point or limit.

(पीछे हटना)

Retreat, Withdraw, Back away, Recession, Retire, Ebb, Pull back, Subside, Diminish, Abate

Advance, Proceed, Progress, Approach, Come forward, Move forward, Push ahead, Gain ground, Press on, Advance

The floodwaters began to recede after days of heavy rainfall.

Gamut

Noun

The complete range or scope of something; the entire extent or scale.

(सम्पूर्ण विस्तार)

Range, Spectrum, Scope, Extent, Scale, Array, Variety, Diversity, Assortment, Compass

Part, Fraction, Subset, Portion, Segment, Section, Subset, Division, Segment, Fraction

The issue covered a gamut of topics, from politics to economics.

Adverse

Adjective

Unfavorable, harmful, or antagonistic in nature; having a negative effect.

(प्रतिकूल)

Unfavorable, Unfortunate, Detrimental, Inimical, Hostile, Unpropitious, Contrary, Unfriendly, Harmful, Negative

Favorable, Beneficial, Advantageous, Positive, Propitious, Helpful, Friendly, Supportive

The adverse weather conditions delayed the outdoor event.

Intervention

Noun

The act of coming between or interfering in a situation to modify or improve it.

(हस्तक्षेप)

Interference, Involvement, Mediation, Intercession, Intrusion, Interposition, Meddling, Arbitration

Non-interference, Non-intervention, Abstention, Non-involvement, Disinterest, Neutrality, Refrain

The teacher's intervention helped resolve the conflict among the students.

Disruption

Noun

The act of disturbing or interrupting the normal course of something, causing disorder or chaos.

(विघटन)

Disturbance, Disorder, Upheaval, Turmoil, Chaos, Havoc, Disarray, Distortion, Interruption, Dislocation

Order, Continuity, Harmony, Stability, Normalcy, Regularity, Smoothness, System, Tranquillity, Uninterruptedness

The protests caused a disruption in the city's usual traffic flow.

Devolve

Verb

To transfer or pass responsibility, authority, or power from one entity to another.

(सौंपना)

Transfer, Delegate, Entrust, Confer, Pass on, Bestow, Hand over, Allocate, Transmit, Deputize

Retain, Keep, Withhold, Maintain, Hold, Reserve, Refuse

The manager decided to devolve certain tasks to the new team member.

Evoke

Verb

To bring a feeling, memory, or image to mind; to elicit a response or reaction.

(उत्पन्न करना)

Summon, Elicit, Prompt, Induce, Provoke, Stir, Inspire, Rouse, Bring forth, Call forth

Suppress, Repress, Conceal, Quell, Stifle, Squash, Inhibit, Silence, Subdue, Hush

The painting evokes a sense of nostalgia for the artist's hometown.

Severe

Adjective

Extremely serious or harsh in nature; demanding great attention or care.

(कठोर)

Harsh, Stern, Strict, Rigorous, Intense, Acute, Extreme, Drastic, Critical, Exacting

Mild, Gentle, Lenient, Moderate, Easy, Soft, Tolerant, Benevolent, Compassionate, Understanding

The doctor recommended immediate action due to the patient's severe condition.

Ensure

Verb

To make certain that something will happen or be the case; to guarantee or make sure of something.

(सुनिश्चित करना)

Guarantee, Assure, Secure, Confirm, Insure, Affirm, Promise, Protect, Establish, Validate

Risk, Endanger, Jeopardize, Gamble, Imperil, Bet, Chance, Hazard, Speculate, Venture

She locked the door to ensure that her belongings were safe while she was away.

 

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Question Of The Day

Which of the following is a right bank tributary of the Ganga? / निम्नलिखित में से कौन सी गंगा की दाहिने किनारे की सहायक नदी है?


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