The Hindu Vocabulary 25 April 2023

2023-04-25

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 25 April 2023 is from the Editorial titled “Batting for borrowers: on the Reserve Bank of India’s recent draft circular”.

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Penal

Adjective

Relating to or prescribing the punishment of offenders under the legal system

(सज़ा योग्य)

Punitive, Chastening, Corrective, Penalizing, Punishing, Punitory, Reformatory, Retributive

Compensatory, Nonpunitive, Vindicating, Remitting, Exonerating

Drinking and driving is a penal offence.

Respite

 

Noun

A period of temporary delay

(राहत, विराम)

Rest, Break, Breathing, Space, Interval, Intermission, Interlude

Noise, Clamor, Racket, Unrest, Bustle, Turmoil

The rain continues without respite.

Verb

To grant a temporary period of relief to: grant a respite to

(मोहलत, स्थगितकरण)

Relaxation, Deadlock, interruption, Postponement

Continuation, Advance, Censure, Commencement, Beginning

There was no respite from the chilling winds.

Emphasize

Verb

Give special importance or value to (something) in speaking or writing

(बल देना)

Accentuate, Affirm, Assert, Highlight, Indicate, Maintain, Point out, Feature, Stress

Understate, Depreciate, Forget, Ignore, Play down

The doctor emphasized that you should not walk too much.

Uptick

 Noun

A small increase or slight upward trend (इजाफा)

Improvement, Gain, Quantum leap, Boost Development, Addition, Rise, Raise, Proliferation, Increment

Reduction, Decrease, Decline, Loss

There is an uptick in the activities of the street these days.

Emphatically

Adverb

In a forceful way, without doubt

(प्रभाव से,बलर्पूवक)

Absolutely, Assuredly, Certainly, Decisively Distinctly, Flatly, Unequivocally

Doubtfully, Questionably, Hesitantly, Indecisively

Ravi is emphatically opposed to my decision.

Hitherto

Adverb

Until now or until the point in time under discussion

(अब तक)

Previously, Formerly, Earlier, Before, To Date

Henceforth, Hereafter, Later, Afterwards

The employee who had hitherto been reliable is now leaving the company.

Retail

Adjective

To sell in small amounts to people for their own use

(खुदरा)

Sell, Market, Merchandise, Deal (in), Wholesale, Distribute, Wholesale

Buy, Purchase

Radha got a job in retail.

Shrink

Verb

Become or make smaller in size or amount

(सिकुड़)

Compress, Condense, Decrease, Collapse, Constrict

Expand, Swell, Increase, Accumulate, Inflate

The winter clothes shrink in the hot water while washing.

Omnibus

Adjective

Of, relating to, or providing for many things at once 

(सार्वत्रिक)

Comprehensive, Full, Extensive, Complete, Inclusive, Global

Limited, Narrow, Restricted, Specific, Narrow

It is an omnibus bill.

Compliance

Noun

A readiness or willingness to yield to others

(अनुपालन)

Adherence, Conformity, Obedience, Permission, Permit, Imprimatur, Concordance

Defiance, Disobedience, Non-compliance, Non-nonconformity

Sheetal was awarded for her compliance with the company.

Reiterate

Verb

To state or do over again or repeatedly sometimes with wearying effect

(बार बार दुहराना)

Repeat, Restate, Retell, Iterate, Recapitulate, Rehearse, Renew

Take Back

The Government has no duty to reiterate these things, it is our moral duty.

Heave

 

Verb

To lift or haul (something heavy) with great effort

(आहें भरना)

Get up, Rise, Arise, Grow, Breathe, Inhale, Bloating, Blotch, Distension, Fibrositis

Drop, Lower, Depress, Sink, Submerge

We heaved a sigh of relief after his assurance.

Noun

An effort to pull or raise something

(उत्तोलन)

Leverage, Levitation, Lifting, Bulge, Upsurge, Upgrade, Upswing, Upgrowth

Drop, Fall, Slip, Descend, Dip

We must heave to the boat, it is raining hard.

Brook

 

Noun

A small stream

(नाला)

River, Stream, Brook, Flood, Streamlet, Sewer, Chamfer, Stream, Riffle

 

The Brook behind my home was destroyed last week.

Verb

To tolerate, to put up with (something painful or difficult)

(सहन करना)

Tolerate, Accept, Bear, Sustain, Handle, Bear

Refuse, Dismiss, Reject, Decline, Repudiate, Resist, Oppose

The boss could not brook insult and suicide.

Unduly

Adverb

To an unwarranted degree, inordinately

(अनुचित या अयोग्य रीति से)

Disproportionately, Unreasonably, Unnecessarily, Unjustifiably, Improperly

Fairly, Justly, Reasonably, Honestly, Moderately

The River pollution in Delhi is unduly high.

Foster

Verb

Encourage the development of (something, especially something desirable)

(पोषण, प्रोत्साहन देना)

Encourage, Promote, Stimulate, Advance, Forward, Cultivate

Neglect, Suppress, Destroy

My Baby fosters an interest in Ball  Badminton.

Enhancement

Noun

An increase or improvement in quality, value, or extent

(वृद्धि)

Improvement, Intensification, Magnification, Amplification, Increase, Strengthening, Inflation, Escalation, Elevation

Setback, Collapse, Crash, hindrance

A magician was just an enhancement to the pleasure of their mood on their anniversary.

 

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Question Of The Day

In which of the following months is Gokulashtami celebrated every year as per Hindu tradition? / हिंदू परंपरा के अनुसार हर साल गोकुलाष्टमी निम्नलिखित में से किस महीने में मनाई जाती है?


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