The Hindu Vocabulary 26 April 2023

2023-04-26

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 26 April 2023 is from the Editorial titled “The right to litigate: On limiting the industrial exploitation of nature”.

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Litigate

Verb

Resort to legal action to settle a matter

(मुक़दमा करना)

Try, Sue, Summon, Indict, Prosecute, Appeal, Contest, Dispute

Agree, Stabilize,

Her desire to litigate the matter was increased by the behavior of management.

Overzealous

Adjective

Showing too much energy or enthusiasm in pursuit of a cause or objective.

(बेहद उत्साही)

Excessively eager, Enthusiastic, Fervent, Fiery, Impulsive, Agitable, Restless

Calm, Cool, Easy, Passive, Unexcitable

Sometimes overzealous fans can cause harm to celebrities.

Gist

Noun

The substance or general meaning of a speech or text

(निष्कर्ष)

Essence, Core, Heart, Nucleus, Kernel, nub, Summary

Exterior, Surface, Insignificance, Meaninglessness

Don’t explain, just tell me the gist of the issue.

Allegation

 Noun

A claim or assertion that someone has done something illegal or wrong, typically one made without proof.

(दोषारोपण)

Claim, Assertion, Proclamation, Affirmation, Averment, Accusation, Insinuation

Denial, Exculpation, Disclaim, Innocence

He is facing charges of allegations.

Prospective

Adjective

Expected or expecting to be the specified thing in the future

(भावी)

Potential, Possible, Probable, Likely, Future, Eventual, Upcoming, Anticipated, Awaited, Expected, Subsequent

Previous, prior, Anterior, Precedent, past, Bygone

I met the prospective MLA of my area yesterday.

Pursue

Noun

Follow or chase (someone or something)

(पाने की कोशिश करना)

Follow, Chase, Hunt, Stalk, Track, Trace, Hound, Trail

Avoid, Flee, Stop, Discontinue, Give up, Retreat

The Police Officer pursued the thief.

Reliance

Noun

Dependence on or trust in someone or something

(भरोसा)

Dependence, Assurance, Belief, Credence, Faith, Backbone, Pillar

Disbelief, Distrust, Doubt, Misgiving, Independence, 

 

The reliance over IT sector is increasing these days.

Absurd

Adjective

Wildly unreasonable, illogical, or inappropriate

(बेतुका)

 

Ridiculous, Idiotic, Stupid, Insane, Senseless, Outrageous, Ludicrous, Laughable, Crazy, Strange

Reasonable, Sensible, Realistic, Wise, Sound

Your allegations are just absurd.

Endorse

Verb

Declare one's public approval or support of something.

(समर्थन करना)

Advocate, Affirm, Confirm, Defend, Approve, Uphold, Recommend, Approve

Disagree, Invalidate, Discourage, Criticize, Dissuade, Renounce

The officer is expected to endorse these suggestions.

Anthropogenic

Adjective

pollution originating in human activity

(मानवजनित)

Humanoid, Anthropoid, creatural, Human Induced, Mortal

Inhuman, Robotic, Subhuman

River pollution is mainly increasing by Anthropogenic activities.

Acquisition

Noun

An asset or object bought or obtained (अर्जन) Or The learning or developing of a skill, habit, or quality

(अभिग्रहण)

Purchase, Accession, Addition, Asset, Buy, Investment, Possession, Obtainment, Accomplishment, Attainment, Acquirement

Loss, Forfeit, Dearth, Failure, Surrender, Lack

His acquisition of a new School is a big step.

Adherence

Noun

Attachment or commitment to a person, cause, or belief

(अनुपालन)

Attachment, Faithfulness, Loyalty, Obedience, Cohesion, Constancy

Disobey, Ignore, Overlook, Condemn, Disregard, Forget, let go, Neglect 

The patient must show strict adherence to the prescription.

Multilateral

Adjective

Agreed upon or participated in by three or more parties, especially the governments of different countries.

(बहुपक्षीय)

International, Multinational, Foreign, Multicultural, External, Multipartite

Unilateral, Local, Simple, Indigenous, Domestic

The multilateral agreement is a big step in India- France Friendship. 

Lenient

Adjective

More merciful or tolerant than expected

(उदार)

Merciful, Clement, Sparing, Forgiving, Forbearing, Moderate, Charitable

Merciless, Severe, Strict

He is such a lenient fellow that others can misuse him.

Undermine

Verb

Lessen the effectiveness, power, or ability of, especially gradually

(कमजोर)

Erode, Subvert, Reduce, Impair, Weaken, Ruin, Impede, Hinder

Support, Enhance, Improve, Strengthen

Your action can undermine years of hard work.

Curb

 

Noun

A check or restraint on something

(रोक)

Restraint, Restrictions, Check, Rein, Control, Limitation

Freedom, Liberate, Encouragement

The government has planned to impose strict curbs on Black Market.

Verb

Restrain or keep in check (नियंत्रण)

Suppress, Repress, Check, Control, Constraint

Lose, Liberate, Unleash

Atul promised to curb his temper in the function.

 

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