The Hindu Vocabulary 20 June 2022

2022-06-20

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 20 June 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Bubble in the air: On regulating cryptocurrencies.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Scam

Noun

A fraudulent operation.

(घोटाला)

Blackmail, Deceit, Deception, Extortion, Fraud, Hoax, Sham, Racket

Honesty

He was involved in insurance scam.

Verb

To deceive and defraud.

(एक घोटाले के साथ धोखा देना)

Fraud

Sincerity

The chit fund company has scammed us.

Speculative

Adjective

Involving intellectual speculation.

Marked by questioning curiosity.

Relating to a financial speculation.

Engaging in a speculation.

(काल्पनिक/ विचारवान/ विचार योग्य/ अव्यवहार्य)

Analytical, Dangerous, Experimental, Hypothetical, Risky, Unproved, Unproven, Assumed, Conceptive, Dicey, Formularized, Unsubstantiated

Proven, Safe

His findings are highly speculative.

Plunge

Noun

An act of jumping into the water.

A sudden violent movement.

(डुबकी/ प्रवेश/ तैरने का तालाब/ कूद)

Descent, Dive, Fall, Jump, Spree, Duck

Ascent, Rise, Increase

I instructed my son to avoid a plunge in the pond.

Verb

To cast suddenly into something.

To bring forcibly into some condition.

To bet recklessly.

To throw oneself abruptly into a matter.

(डुबाना/ ग़ोता लगाना)

Descend, Dip, Drive, Drop, Hurtle, Jump, Plummet, Sink

Ascend, Increase, Dry, Rise

Roshni has plunged herself into misery.

Tout

Noun

One who solicits patronage.

A person who solicits business.

(दलाल)

Seller, Solicitor, Barker, Tipster

-

Being a tout is considered wrong at my place.

Verb

To peddle importunately.

To make much of.

To describe boastfully.

(दलाली करना)

Laud, Praise, Proclaim, Promote, Publicize, Trumpet

Blame, Condemn, Discourage, Hide, Conceal

The company is touting their student’s results.

Crisis

Noun

A time of extreme difficulty.

A situation that has reached a critical phase.

(संकट)

Catastrophe, Change, Crunch, Emergency

Agreement, Benefit, Blessing, Breakthrough, Calm

The crisis in the country has worsened.

Amidst

Preposition

In the middle.

(बीच में)

Betwixt, Amid, Among, Enclosed

Border, Edge

The European Union has reduced the oil dependency on Russia amidst the war.

Precious

Adjective

Of great value.

Excessively refined.

Highly esteemed.

Affectedly delicate.

(कीमती/ बहुमूल्य/ अनमोल/ मूल्यवान/ प्रिय/ उत्कृष्ट)

Adored, Beloved, Cherished, Dear, Darling, Choice, Costly, Exquisite, Fine, Affected, Alembicated, Artful, Artificial

Cheap, Common, Defective, Deficient, Impaired, Inexpensive, Useless, Valueless, Worthless

He has many precious metals in his almirah.

Legitimate

Verb

To make lawful or legal.

(कानूनी करना/ वैध करना)

Legalize

Illegitimate

We have legitimated our marriage after getting a marriage certificate.

Adjective

According to the law.

(कानूनी)

Appropriate, Certain, Correct, Fair

Abnormal, Affected, Deceptive, False

I think it is time to get some legitimate job and lead a normal life.

Cryptocurrency

Noun

A form of digital currency that has no central issuing authority but uses a decentralized system for security and to record transactions and manage the issuance of new units.

(क्रिप्टोकरेन्सी)

Digital Currency

-

The bitcoin is the most famous cryptocurrency.

Intrinsic

Adjective

Belonging naturally; essential

(आंतरिक)

Inherent, Innate, Inborn, Congenital, Native, Peculiar

Acquired, Learned, Extrinsic, Incidental

He was included in the  court due to his intrinsic nobility.

Miniscule

Adjective

Tiny, very small

(बहुत छोटा)

Diminutive, Dwarf, Little, Mini, Miniature

-

There was a miniscule room inside the big fort.

Speculation

Noun

The forming of a theory or conjecture without firm evidence.

(अनुमान)

Belief, Conjecture, Thought, Opinion

Reality, Truth, Disdain, Proof

There is speculation in that the economy will grow by 8% in the next fiscal.

Tailwind

Noun

a wind blowing in the direction of travel of a vehicle or aircraft; a wind blowing from behind.

(अनुकूल हवा)

-

-

The current political tailwinds are favourable to introduce a bill.

Existential

Adjective

Relating to existence

(अस्तित्व संबंधी)

Empirical, Factual, Observational, Pragmatic

Unobserved, Conjectural, Hypothetical, Theoretical

Insecurity has become an existential threat for railways.

Hostile

Adjective

Showing or feeling opposition or dislike; unfriendly.

(शत्रुतापूर्ण)

Antagonistic, Aggressive, Confrontational, Belligerent, Bellicose

Friendly, Mild, Lenient, Clement, Light

The economy cannot grow in a hostile political environment.

Pitfalls

Noun

A hidden or unsuspected danger or difficulty

(ख़तरा)

Danger, Difficulty, Drawback, Peril, Risk, Downfall

Advantage, Security, Safety, Blessing

One of the pitfalls of ignorance is that sometimes you face loss.

Prospect

Noun

The possibility or likelihood of some future event occurring.

(आशा)

Likelihood, Hope, Expectation, Anticipation, Odds, Chances

Hopelessness, Impossibility, Unlikelihood

There is no prospect of a settlement between you and me.

Verb

Search for mineral deposits in a place, especially by means of experimental drilling and excavation.

(निरीक्षण)

Inspect, Survey, Explore, Search, Scout, Investigate

Ignore, Miss, Overlook

The government has allowed prospecting of gold in Bihar.

Regulatory

Adjective

Relating to the control of an activity by a set of rules.

(नियामक)

Administrative, Governing, Managerial, Rule

Lose

SEBI and IRDAI are the two regulatory bodies.

Framework

Noun

A basic structure or plan of concepts or rules.

A basic conceptional structure of ideas.

The large branches of the tree that determine its shape.

(रूपरेखा/ ढांचा/ तंत्र/ बनावट/ चौखटा)

Groundwork, Plan, Scheme, Structure, Cage, Architecture, Cadre, Edifice, Infrastructure, Skeleton

-

A national framework on data governance is required.

Outright

Adverb

Altogether; Completely

(संपूर्ण)

Completely, Entirely, Wholly, Totally, Absolutely

-

I saw the car and bought it outright.

Adjective

Open and Direct

(प्रत्यक्ष)

Unequivocal, Utter, Wholesale, Definite

Imperfect, Indefinite, Mixed, Partial, Uncertain

I was surprised by his outright rejection of my proposal.

 

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