The Hindu Vocabulary 19 June 2022

2022-06-19

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 19 June 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Playing with fire: On Agnipath’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Appointment

Noun

A fixed mutual agreement for a meeting.

A time arranged for a particular meeting with someone.

An office or position to which a person has been appointed.

(नियुक्ति/ नियोग/ समयादेश)

Assignment, Consultation, Date, Interview, Invitation, Approval, Choice, Designation, Election, Nomination, Appointee, Nominee, Office, Post

Refusal, Rejection, Unemployment

His appointment as CEO has been approved by the board.

Literally

Adverb

In a literal sense.

Used to emphasize the truth and accuracy of a statement.

In a literal manner.

In effect.

(वस्तुत:/ सचमुच/ हूबहू)

Actually, Completely, Directly, Plainly, Precisely, Really, Simply, Correctly, Truly

Doubtfully, Figuratively, Loosely

She took the metaphor literally and laughed very loudly.

Enumerate

Verb

To ascertain the number of.

To specify one after another.

(गिनना/ एक एक करके बताना/ गिनती करना/ परिगणन करना)

Calculate, Itemize, Recite, Specify, Cite, Compute, Detail, Name, Number

Conceal, Hide, Neglect, Subtract, Estimate, Guess

He asked me to enumerate the reasons to deny his offer.

Disrupt

Verb

Interrupt (an event, activity, or process) by causing a disturbance or problem.

(अस्त-व्यस्त)

Disturb, Rattle, Disorder, Obstruct, Intrude

Organize, Soothe, Calm, Appease

The pandemic has disrupted the proper functioning of factories.

Transformative

Adjective

Able to cause an important and lasting change in someone or something.

Causing a positive change in outlook.

(परिवर्तनकारी/ बदल देने वाला)

Life-changing, Cathartic, Reframing, Transformational, Metamorphic

Uneventful, Everyday, Ordinary

My father’s words have been transformative and motivational for me.

Tenure

Noun

The holding of anything like a position or office.

Status granted to an employee.

(कार्यकाल)

Tenancy, Incumbency, Term of office, Residence, Possession

Misconception, Misunderstanding, Release

The tenure of the members of UPSC is six years.

Verb

Give (someone) a permanent post, especially as a teacher or lecturer.

(किसी को स्थायी पद देना, विशेषकर शिक्षक या व्याख्याता के रूप में।)

-

-

Trisha was tenured as an assistant and then promoted to the post of professor.

Cadre

Noun

A group of people who have been chosen and trained for a specific purpose.

A core group of trained personnel.

A member qualified to serve in a cadre.

(ढांचा/ कंकाल/ अंजर पंजर)

Organization, Core, Personnel, Force, Framework, Staff

-

The party is planning to form a special cadre of veteran party members.

Personnel

Noun

A body of persons employed in an organization or a factory.

A department in an organization that deals with the matters related to employees.

(कार्मिक/ कर्मचारी वर्ग/ अमला)

Cadre, Crew, Group, Organization, Staff, People, Troop, Workforce, Manpower

-

We need to recruit specialist personnel to grow our company.

Ethos

Adverb

A set of ideas that is associated with a particular group of people or institution.

(प्रकृति/ लोकाचार/ लोकनीति/ जातीय स्वभाव)

Ideology, Mentality, Beliefs, Code, Mindset, Culture, Habits, Spirit, Attitude

Body, Physicality

Sustainable development has now become a part of the company’s ethos.

Camaraderie

 

Noun

Mutual trust and friendship among people who spend a lot of time together.

(सौहार्द)

Friendship, Fellowship, Brotherhood, Companionship

-

Rishi is a genuine camaraderie on the football team.

Argument

Noun

The act of discussing.

An angry quarrel.

A reason given for a matter under discussion.

The subject matter especially of a literary work.

A statement in favour or against a point.

(बहस/ वितर्क/ युक्ति/ उपपत्ति)

Altercation, Bickering, Brawl, Clash, Controversy, Debate, Finisher, Flap, Disagreement, Assertation, Case, Claim, Contention, Debate

Agreement, Peace, Harmony, Calm

I don’t want to get involved in any unnecessary arguments.

Rhetorically

Adverb

In a way that uses language.

In a way that uses specialized literary language.

(आलंकारितापूर्वक/ कृत्रिम तथा अत्युक्तिपूर्ण शैली में)

-

-

These days it has been a trend to rhetorically embrace democracy.

Credible

Adjective

Capable of being believed.

Of sufficient capability to be military effective.

Able to be trusted.

(विश्वसनीय)

Believable, Likely, Plausible, Presumptive, Conceivable, Dependable, Honest, Reasonable

Unbelievable, Unlikely, Incredible, Unplausible, Deceptive, Dishonest, Irresponsible, Unacceptable

He is a credible source of information.

Consultation

Noun

The act of conferring.

A meeting for deliberation.

A meeting among experts to evaluate something.

(परामर्श/ मंत्रणा/ मशवरा)

Appointment, Conference, Deliberation, Hearing, Dialogue, Interview, Meeting, Discussion, Session, Examination

-

We offer a free consultation for career guidance.

 

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Question Of The Day

With reference to the “G20 Common Framework”, consider the following statements:

1. It is an initiative endorsed by the G20 together with the Paris Club.

2. It is an initiative to support Low Income Countries with unsustainable debt.

Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?