The Hindu Vocabulary 17 June 2022

2022-06-17

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 17 June 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Cold comfort: On inflation and government intervention.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Inflation

Noun

A continuous rise in the price level related/ attributed to an increase in the volume of money.

(मुद्रास्फीति)

Boom, Expansion, Hike, Rise, Affectation, Grandiosity, Pretentiousness

Abridgment, Compression, Reduction, Deflation

The rate of inflation is rising rapidly.

Intervention

Noun

The action or process of intervening.

(हस्तक्षेप)

Interference, Mediation, Arbitration, Intercession

-

I do not like any sort of intervention in my work.

Despite

 

Preposition

In spite of

(इसके बावजूद)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

Rahul ask me every day about my result despite knowing that I am not going to qualify.

Noun

The feeling of despising someone or insulting.

(विरोध)

Contempt, Contemptuousness, Disdain, Misprision

Respect, Regard, Favour, Estimation

Even in their own despite, they are not going to stand up to their obligations.

Complacency

Noun

A feeling of satisfaction or pleasure when unaware of potential danger.

(शालीनता)

Satisfaction, Smugness, Bighead, Conceit

Humbleness, Humility, Modesty

I can sense a complacency about the share market when investors were investing extensively after a downfall during the pandemic.

Solace

Verb

To comfort or cheer a person in sorrow or distress.

(सांत्वना देना/ धीरज देना/ आश्वासन)

Allay, Alleviate, Mitigate, Soften, Soothe, Comfort

Aggravate, Agitate, Hurt, Increase, Annoy, Depress

I came home and had to solace my wife by taking her to a movie,

Noun

Comfort in sorrow.

Something that gives comfort.

(सांत्वना/ धीरज)

Condolence, Alleviation, Assuagement, Consolation, Relief, Pity

Discord, Disharmony

My mother’s presence itself is a solace to me.

Impact

Noun

The act of hitting something with force.

The power or influence of someone or something.

(प्रभाव)

Brunt, Shock, Bang, Clash

-

The impact of his speech can be seen years after his retirement.

Verb

To have a direct effect.

The contact of one object with another in a forcible manner.

(किसी पर या किसी चीज पर गहरा प्रभाव डालना/ एक वस्तु का दूसरी वस्तु से टकराना)

Jolt, Clash, Crash, Kick

-

The ball impacted the bat and broke its handle.

Reliant

Adjective

Showing dependence.

Confident.

Having reliance on something.

(निर्भर/ विश्वासी/ भरोसा करने वाला)

Relying, Subservient, Susceptible, Ancillary

Independent

Common public has become more reliant on Google than ever.

Disconcertingly

Adverb

In a manner that causes uneasiness.

(एक तरह से जो बेचैनी का कारण बनता है |/ निराशाजनक रूप से)

Unsettling, Anxious, Discomforting, Perturbing

Settling, Reassuring, Satisfying, Encouraging

They gave me the money disconcertingly.

Plunge

Noun

An act of jumping into the water.

A sudden violent movement.

(डुबकी/ प्रवेश/ तैरने का तालाब/ कूद)

Descent, Dive, Fall, Jump, Spree, Duck

Ascent, Rise, Increase

You should avoid a plunge as it may cause a common cold.

Verb

To cast suddenly into something.

To bring forcibly into some condition.

To bet recklessly.

To throw oneself abruptly into a matter.

(डुबाना/ ग़ोता लगाना)

Descend, Dip, Drive, Drop, Hurtle, Jump, Plummet, Sink

Ascend, Increase, Dry, Rise

He plunged himself into debt.

Respite

Noun

A delay for a time.

Temporary suspension of the execution of a person condemned to death.

A period of temporary delay.

(मोहलत/ स्थगितकरण)

Breather, Downtime, Hiatus, Interruption, Lull, Recess, Relief, Reprieve

Continuation, Advance, Beginning, Blame

It has been a month since I had any respite from work.

Verb

To grant a temporary period of relief to.

(टालना/ टाल देना/ मुलतवी करना/ स्थगित करना)

-

-

He goes to respite care a couple of times a week.

Adjective

Providing temporary care in relief of a primary caregiver.

(प्राथमिक देखभालकर्ता की राहत में अस्थायी देखभाल प्रदान करना।)

-

-

The services include respite care and housekeeping as well.

Surge

Noun

A wavelike movement.

(तरंग)

Deluge, Flood, Flow, Growth

Decline, Constant

There is a surge in the repo rate by the Reserve Bank of India.

Verb

To rise and fall immediately.

To rise suddenly.

(हिलोरे मारना)

Climb, Flow, Grow, Rise

Fall, Stagnant

Our boat was surging in the Arabian Sea.

Persistent

Adjective

Continuing beyond the usual.

(दृढ़)

Constant, Continual, Endless, Incessant

Broken, Ceasing, Disloyal, Ending

I am assured that my son is going to be persistent in his exam preparation.

Concern

 

Noun

Something that relates to one.

Matter for consideration.

A matter that calls for a person’s attention.

(चिंता/ प्रसंग)

Care, Concernment, Consideration, Heed, Burden, Interest, Involvement, Matter

Calmness, Disregard, Neglect, Calm, Entertainment, Fun

Your low performance is a concern for me.

Verb

To relate to something.

To care about some matter of trouble.

(चिंतित होना/ लगाव रखना)

Bother, Disturb, Interest, Involve, Perturb, Regard

Aid, Calm, Reassure, Help, Unconcern

The rising inflation is concerning me.

Disruption

Noun

The act of disrupting something.

The forcible separation into parts.

(विघटन/ भंग/ विच्छेद/ विदारण/ दुर्घटना/ दरार)

Interruption, Separation, Splitting, Severance, Break, Confusion, Disturbance, Agitation, Disorder

Calm, Order, System, Organization, Method

The whole disruption in the company was after the economic crisis.

Tame

Adjective

Reduced from a state of native wildness to be tractable and useful to humans

(पालतू)

Made docile and submissive

(विनम्र)

Lacking spirit

(निस्र्त्साह)

Domesticated, Docile, Trained, Pet

Feral, Savage, Undomesticated, Untamed, Wild

The party workers were tame as they lacked motivation.

Verb

To bring under control

(वश में करना)

Check, Constrain, Control, Curb, Govern

Lose, Free

The government is planning certain steps to tame unemployment.

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