The Hindu Vocabulary 22 August 2023

2023-08-22

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 22 August 2023 is from the Editorial titled “Deep in disarray: On the larger message from the Legislative Assembly of Manipur not being convened".

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Disarray

Noun

A state of disorder, confusion, or a lack of organization.

(अराजकता)

Disorder, Chaos, Confusion, Turmoil, Anarchy, Mess, Pandemonium, Jumble, Tumult, Havoc

Order, Organization, System, Arrangement, Harmony, Structure, Calm, Peace, Control, Regulation

The sudden disarray in the classroom was the result of a surprise fire drill.

Convened

Verb

To bring people or parties together for a meeting, discussion, or assembly, often for a specific purpose.

(आयोजित किया)

Assembled, Gathered, Called together, Summoned, Organized, Conduced, Arranged, Orchestrated, Convened, Mobilized

Disbanded, Dispersed, Scattered, Cancelled, Dissolved, Adjourned, Discontinued, Separated, Dismissed, Disintegrated

The board of directors convened to discuss the company's financial performance.

Grave

Adjective

Giving cause for alarm or serious concern; very serious or important.

(गंभीर)

Serious, Solemn, Critical, Important, Weighty, Severe, Significant, Dire, Urgent, Acute

Trivial, Insignificant, Minor, Frivolous, Light, Casual, Nonchalant, Playful, Carefree, Lighthearted

The news of the impending storm was a grave matter for the coastal residents.

 

Noun

A place of burial for the dead.

(मरे हुए लोगों के लिए दफन के स्थल)

Cemetery, Burial ground, Tomb, Sepulcher, Resting place, Necropolis

Birthplace, Cradle, Nursery

The cemetery was a solemn place where people paid their respects to the departed.

Affiliation

Noun

The state of being formally connected or associated with an organization, group, or institution.

(संगठन से जुड़ने की स्थिति)

Association, Connection, Alliance, Membership, Relationship, Partnership, Linkage, Union, Bond, Ties

Disaffiliation, Disconnection, Separation, Isolation, Detachment, Estrangement, Disengagement, Division, Disassociation, Alienation

Her affiliation with the charity organization allowed her to contribute to meaningful causes.

Prevailing

Adjective

Existing or most commonly encountered at a particular time or in a particular place.

(प्रबल)

Prevalent, Common, Widespread, Dominant, Current, Pervading, Established, Usual, Customary, Normal

Uncommon, Rare, Atypical, Unusual, Exceptional, Infrequent, Aberrant, Irregular, Outlying, Scarce

During the flu season, the prevailing illness in the region was influenza.

Legitimacy

Noun

The quality or state of being lawful, genuine, or valid according to established laws, rules, or standards.

(वैधता)

Legality, Validity, Lawfulness, Authenticity, Genuineness, Rightfulness, Credibility, Justness, Law-abidingness, Righteousness

Illegitimacy, Illegality, Invalidity, Inauthenticity, Falseness, Wrongfulness, Fraudulence, Unlawfulness, Deception, Dishonesty

The legitimacy of the contract was questioned due to certain discrepancies in its terms and conditions.

Recommendation

Noun

Suggestion or advice given to someone, typically to help them make a decision or take a course of action.

(सिफारिश)

Advice, Suggestion, Endorsement, Referral, Counselling, Approval, Backing, Advocacy, Support, Guidance

Disapproval, Rejection, Criticism, Denial, Dissent, Opposition, Objection, Condemnation, Censure, Disagreement

Based on her excellent performance, the manager wrote a glowing recommendation letter for her employee's promotion.

Consent

Noun

Permission or agreement given voluntarily, often in response to a request or proposal.

(सहमति)

Agreement, Approval, Permission, Assent, Compliance, Accord, Concurrence, Sanction, Authorization, Blessing

Disapproval, Dissent, Refusal, Rejection, Opposition, Denial, Disagreement, Veto, Repudiation, Decline

The patient's parents gave their consent for the surgery after discussing it with the doctor.

Disorder

Noun

A state of confusion, chaos, or lack of order; a disruption of normal functioning.

(व्यवस्थाहीनता)

Chaos, Confusion, Disorderliness, Turmoil, Anarchy, Disarray, Disorganization, Tumult, Jumble, Commotion

Order, Organization, Arrangement, Harmony, System, Structure, Regularity, Peace, Calm, Stability

The protest led to a state of disorder in the city, with streets blocked and businesses disrupted.

Lapse

Noun

Temporary failure or a slip in concentration, often resulting in an error or mistake. It can also refer to the expiration of a period of time.

(चूक)

Mistake, Error, Oversight, Blunder, Slip, Neglect, Failure, Gaffe, Faux pas, Inattention

Success, Accuracy, Perfection, Attention, Diligence, Precision, Achievement, Vigilance, Care, Correctness

Her lapse in judgment led to a significant error in the financial report.

Indication

Noun

Sign, signal, or piece of information that suggests or shows the presence or existence of something.

(संकेत)

Sign, Signal, Indicator, Clue, Hint, Cue, Mark, Evidence, Manifestation, Symbol

Obscurity, Concealment, Secrecy, Ambiguity, Uncertainty, Deception, Misdirection, Misconception, Misinterpretation, Vagueness

The sudden drop in temperature was an indication that winter was approaching.

Summon

Verb

To call or request someone to appear or come to a specific place, often for a particular purpose.

(बुलाना)

Call, Convene, Convoke, Assemble, Mobilize, Rally, Request, Beckon, Bid, Gather

Disperse, Disband, Cancel, Adjourn, Dismiss, Scatter, Send away, Release, Suspend, Abandon

The manager is summoning all employees for an important meeting in the conference room.

Gripping

Adjective

Something that holds your attention or interest intensely; it is fascinating or engrossing.

(आकर्षक)

Captivating, Compelling, Fascinating, Absorbing, Engrossing, Entrancing, Thrilling, Spellbinding, Riveting, Mesmerizing

Boring, Dull, Uninteresting, Tedious, Monotonous, Repetitive, Dreary, Uninspiring, Lethargic, Languid

The gripping novel kept me up all night as I couldn't put it down until I finished it.

 

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___________ is the change in total utility due to consumption of one additional unit of a commodity. / ____ एक वस्तु की एक अतिरिक्त इकाई की खपत के कारण कुल उपयोगिता में परिवर्तन है।


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