The Hindu Vocabulary 19 August 2023

2023-08-19

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 19 August 2023 is from the Editorial titled “Material consideration: On the LK-99 ‘superconductor’ episode”.

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Ambient

Adjective

The surrounding or prevailing atmosphere or environment, often describing the qualities of the surroundings.

(पर्यावरणिक)

Surrounding, Atmosphere, Environment, Surroundings, Setting, Conditions, Context, Climate, Background, Locale

Central, Focal, Specific, Isolated, Enclosed, Insulated, Distinct, Secluded, Concentrated, Separate

The ambient lighting in the restaurant created a warm and inviting atmosphere for diners.

Swift

Adjective

Happening or moving quickly, with great speed or without delay.

(तेज)

Fast, Speedy, Quick, Rapid, Brisk, Fleet, Hasty, Expeditious, Prompt, Swiftness

Slow, Sluggish, Lethargic, Gradual, Delayed, Tardy, Leisurely, Protracted, Unhurried, Plodding

The swift response of the emergency services saved lives during the disaster.

Resistance

Noun

The act or power of opposing something or someone, often to prevent change or to defend against an attack.

(प्रतिरोध)

Opposition, Defiance, Obstruction, Fight, Challenge, Revolt, Contradiction, Counteraction, Struggle, Rejection

Compliance, Surrender, Submission, Acceptance, Conformity, Adaptation, Assent, Concession, Cooperation, Acquiescence

The resistance of the citizens against the oppressive regime led to a movement for freedom and democracy.

Synthesize

Verb

To combine or integrate different elements, ideas, or information to create a unified whole or to produce something new by merging existing components.

(संश्लेषित करना)

Combine, Integrate, Merge, Unify, Blend, Fuse, Consolidate, Incorporate, Harmonize, Compose

Separate, Disassemble, Disintegrate, Divide, Disconnect, Break apart, Analyze, Dissect, Fragment, Segregate

The scientist was able to synthesize a new compound by combining various chemical elements in the laboratory.

Exhilarating

Adjective

Causing a feeling of excitement, happiness, or invigoration.

(उत्साहजनक)

Exciting, Thrilling, Stimulating, Electrifying, Energizing, Invigorating, Enlivening, Inspiring, Rousing

Dull, Boring, Tedious, Monotonous, Unexciting, Depressing, Dreary, Uninspiring, Tiring, Lethargic

The roller coaster ride was exhilarating, and it filled them with joy and adrenaline.

Seldom

Adverb

Not often or rarely occurring.

(कभी-कभी)

Infrequently, Rarely, Occasionally, Scarcely, Sporadically, Hardly ever, Not often, Scantly, Once in a while, Scarcely ever

Frequently, Often, Regularly, Commonly, Routinely, Repeatedly, Consistently, Habitually, Daily, Customarily

She seldom goes on vacation because of her busy work schedule.

Validate

Verb

To confirm the accuracy, truth, or legitimacy of something, often by providing proof or evidence.

(मान्यता प्राप्त करना)

Confirm, Verify, Authenticate, Substantiate, Prove, Certify, Corroborate, Support, Ratify, Endorse

Disprove, Invalidate, Refute, Discredit, Disqualify, Revoke, Nullify, Negate, Challenge, Reject

The official documents were validated by the authorized department to ensure their authenticity.

Replicate

Verb

To copy, reproduce, or duplicate something exactly, often to create an identical or similar version.

(पुनर्निर्मित करना)

Duplicate, Copy, Imitate, Mirror, Repeat, Recreate, Reiterate, Redo, Match, Echo

Original, Innovate, Create, Deviate, Invent, Modify, Transform, Alter, Change, Diverge

The artist tried to replicate the famous painting with great precision, capturing every detail.

Conventional

Adjective

Following established customs, practices, or norms; conforming to traditional or accepted standards.

(पारंपरिक)

Traditional, Standard, Common, Established, Conformist, Accepted, Regular, Normal, Usual, Routine

Unconventional, Unusual, Nontraditional, Atypical, Abnormal, Radical, Deviant, Unorthodox, Innovative, Nonconformist

The wedding followed conventional customs and traditions that had been passed down for generations.

Expel

Verb

To force someone to leave or eject them from a place, often as a punishment or due to unacceptable behavior.

(निकाल देना)

Eject, Remove, Evict, Oust, Dismiss, Drive out, Banish, Kick out, Deport, Exile

Admit, Welcome, Allow, Receive, Accept, Embrace, Include, Retain, Keep, Admit

The principal had to expel the student for repeated violations of the school's code of conduct.

Resistivity

Noun

The measure of a material's ability to resist the flow of electrical current.

(प्रतिरोधकता)

Resistance, Impedance, Electrical resistance, Reluctance, Opposition, Insulation

Conductivity, Permeability, Acceptance, Susceptibility, Ease

The resistivity of the material used in the wires determines how well it conducts electricity.

Transition

Noun

The process or period of changing from one state, condition, or form to another, often involving a series of stages.

(संक्रमण)

Change, Transformation, Shift, Conversion, Evolution, Progression, Passage, Metamorphosis, Development, Gradual change

Stagnation, Sameness, Stillness, Permanence, Fixity

The transition from childhood to adulthood is marked by significant changes in responsibilities and independence.

Diffusion

Noun

The process by which particles or molecules spread from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration, often resulting in the equal distribution of the substance.

(प्रसारण)

Dissemination, Dispersion, Scattering, Spreading, Propagation, Distribution, Circulation, Disbursement, Dissemination, Diffusion

Concentration, Accumulation, Agglomeration, Clumping, Gathering, Collection

The diffusion of perfume through the room allowed everyone to enjoy its pleasant scent.

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Question Of The Day

How many Lok Sabha constituencies are there in India? / भारत में कितने लोक सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र हैं?


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