The Hindu Vocabulary 28 July 2022

2022-07-28

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 28 July 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘In search of relevance: On the 2022 Commonwealth Games .’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Commonwealth

Noun

A nation or state founded on law and united by the agreement of the people for the common good.

An independent country, especially a democratic republic.

An international association consisting of the UK together with states that were previously part of the British Empire, and dependencies. The British monarch is the symbolic head of the Commonwealth.

(राष्ट्रमंडल/ गणराज्य/ गणतंत्र/ राष्ट्र)

Federation, Society, Citizenry, Citizens, Commonality, Democracy, Nation, People, Polity, Republic

-

The commonwealth games are taking place in Birmingham.

Pandemic

Noun

A Disease occurring over a wide geographic area.

(वैश्विक महामारी)

Broad, Common, Comprehensive, Empyrean

Exclusive, Incomplete, Individual, Infrequent, Particular

Monkeypox may not become a pandemic as people are more aware now.

Erstwhile

Adjective

In the past.

(भूतपूर्व)

Once, Bygone, Ex, Late, Past, Preceding

Present, Future

My Uncle is an erstwhile leader.

Amid

Preposition

In the middle of

(बीच में)

Through, Mid, Among, Amongst

Away from, Outside, Beyond, Far from

My father scolded me for watching movies amid family time.

Sentiment

Noun

An attitude toward something.

A mental feeling.

Refined emotion.

Exhibition of feeling or appeal to tender emotions.

A thought influenced by emotion.

An idea filled with emotion.

(भाव/ भावुकता/ विचार/ मत)

Attitude, Bias, Feeling, Idea, Opinion, Passion, Position, Tendency, Thought, View, Disposition, Emotionalism, Eye, Inclination

Concrete, Thing, Antipathy, Disbelief, Disinclination, Disinterest, Dislike, Hate, Hatred, Indifference

His comments have hurt my sentiments.

Asserted

Verb

To state with assurance.

To maintain claims.

To state as having existence.

State a fact or belief confidently.

To demonstrate the existence of something.

To state positively.

(ज़ोर/ द्दढ़तापूर्वक करना/ दावा करना/ हर्क जमाना)

Affirm, Allege, Argue, Cite, Claim, Contend, Defend, Proclaim, Profess, Stress, Uphold, Advance, Asseverate

Deny, Disclaim, Disavow, Negate

He continued to assert me guilty until the judge passed the judgment in my favour.

Era

Noun


A long and distinct period of history with a particular feature or characteristic.

(युग)

Epoch, Age, Period, Time, Span

-

A new era has begun in UP after the re-election of CM Yogi.

Accommodate

Verb

To do a kindness or a favour.

To provide suitably with something.

To lend money to someone.

To provide with a room and food.

To agree.

To bring into an agreement.

To provide with something desired.

(समायोजित करना/ झगड़ा तय करना/ अनुकूल बनाना/ स्थान देना/ जगह देना/ ठहराना)

Contain, Entertain, Hold, Rent, Shelter, Welcome, Adapt, Adjust, Fit, Integrate, Modify, Afford, Help, Provide, Serve, Sustain

Reject, Turn away, Bar, Block, Disarrange, Frustrate, Hinder, Impede

The building is not big enough to accommodate all the guests.

Synchronise

Verb

To happen at the same time.

To represent coincidence.

To make exactly simultaneous with the action.

To cause to operate at the same rate and exactly together.

(साथ-साथ होना/ साथ-साथ घटना/ समक्रमिक बना देना/ समय में सहमत करना)

Adjust, Harmonize, Integrate, Mesh, Match, Organize, Pool, Proportion, Agree, Set

Antedate, Precede, Predate, Follow, Succeed

He was successful in getting the footsteps of the entire dance group synchronised.

Fraternity

Noun

A group of persons having common purposes, interests, or tastes.

(बिरादरी)

Association, Board, Brotherhood, Congress, Camaraderie, Guild

-

His actions have caused embarrassment to the fraternity of local carpenters.

Boycott

Verb

To refuse to buy or participate in something to protest.

(बहिष्कार करना)

Avoid, Cut off, Refuse, Snub

Accept, Allow, Approve, Permit

You cannot live in the village by boycotting all the local goods.

Embarrassment

Noun

The state of being embarrassed.

The state of being in financial difficulties.

Something that embarrasses.

(शर्मिंदगी/ परेशानी/ उलझन/ घबराहट/ उलझेड़ा/ हैरानी)

Difficulty, Mistake, Distress, Dilemma, Mess, Unease, Awkwardness, Bashfulness

Aplomb, Calm, Assurance, Composure

The failure of recent schemes is a major embarrassment for the government.

Plaudit

Noun

An energetic expression of approval.

A round of applause for some admired performances.

An enthusiastic approval.

(शाबाशी/ तालियाँ/ करतलध्वनि/ प्रशंसा)

Acclamation, Applause, Ovation, Cheer, Acclaim, Compliment, Approval, Bravo

Silence, Criticism, Disapproval, Booing

Her performance in the movie received plaudits from the critics.

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