The Hindu Vocabulary 29 June 2022

2022-06-29

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 29 June 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Interim signals: On BJP posing an insurmountable challenge to Opposition.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Interim

Noun

An intervening time.

A temporary or provisional arrangement.

An intervening time.

(अन्तरिम)

Meantime, Breach, Break, Breather, Hiatus, Downtime, Gap

Continuation, Continuity, Permanence

The judge gave a brief interim to get everyone organized and settled.

Adjective

Belonging to a temporary period.

(अन्तरिम का)

Provisional, Stopgap, Acting, Caretaker, Makeshift

Finished, Permanent, Continual, Permanent

The shortage of hotel rooms in the city is an interim problem.

Insurmountable

Adjective

Incapable of being surmounted.

A problem that cannot be dealt with successfully.

Too great to overcome.

(दुर्गम/ अजेय/ दुस्तर/ अलंघ्य)

Hopeless, Impassable, Impregnable, Invincible, Unbeatable, Overwhelming

Beatable, Defeatable, Surmountable, Possible, Attainable

We were facing several insurmountable problems at a time.

Fragment

Noun

A part broken off.

An incomplete or isolated part.

(टुकड़ा)

Bit, Chunk, Hunk, Lump, Piece

Lot, Whole, Total

He fragmented the wooden block with the help of an ax.

Verb

To break into pieces.

(टुकड़ों में तोड़ना)

Disintegrate, Rend, Rive, Burst, Crumble, Disunite, Break, Fracture

Combine, Fix, Join, Complete

He tried to fragment the wooden block.

Seemingly

Adverb

In appearance but not in actuality.

Used to indicate how something appears.

(मालूम होता है/ प्रतीत होता है/ उचित रूप में/ कदाचित)

Ostensibly, Clearly, Surely, Obviously, Professedly

-

The homework is seemingly very difficult.

Outcome

Noun

The way a thing turns out

(परिणाम)

Result, Consequence, Conclusion, Net result, Product

Cause, Origin, Beginning, Source, Start

We were hoping for a positive outcome from our investment.

Bypoll

Noun

A special election held between regular elections.

(उपचुनाव)

By-election, Bye elections

-

BJP has won the Azamgarh by-poll elections.

Vacate

Verb

To deprive of an occupant.

To make legally void.

To leave an office or post.

To make vacant.

To give up possession of something.

To withdraw or surrender occupancy.

(खाली/ आज़ाद करना/ मुक्त करना/ स्वतंत्र करना/ रिहा करना)

Abandon, Annul, Depart, Dissolve, Quit, Empty, Evacuate, Relinquish, Renounce, Rescind, Reverse, Revoke, Quash, Void, Withdraw

Allow, Approve, Come, Continue, Do, Fill, Keep, Permit, Remain, Enforce, Enter

Uddhav Thackery has vacated the CM house.

Bastion

Noun

A fortified area or position.

Anything seen as protecting some quality, or condition.

(बुर्ज/ गढ़/ गरगज)

Bulwark, Citadel, Mainstay, Fortress

Weakness

Our parliament is a bastion of democracy.

Ambition

Noun

An ardent desire for some rank, fame, position, or power.

Desire to achieve a particular aim.

An earnest desire for some type of achievement and to strive for its attainment.

(महत्वाकांक्षा/ अभिलाषा/ लालसा/ महत्त्वाकांक्षा का विषय)

Appetite, Spirit, Desire, Aspiration, Energy, Vigour, Yearning, Zeal, Enthusiasm, Hope, Initiative, Longing, Aim, Aspiration, Desire, Dream

Apathy, Aversion, Disgust, Dislike, Hate, Hatred, Contentment, Diffidence, Humility, Indifference

His ambition is to become a government officer.

Verb

 

To seek after earnestly.

(किसी की महत्वाकांक्षा के रूप में होना)

-

-

A property at BKC is ambitioned by many.

Shamble

Verb

To walk awkwardly with dragging feet.

To walk clumsily.

(भद्दी चाल / लचककर चलना/ भद्दे तौर पर चलना/ मटक कर चलना)

Change, Disorder, Disarrange, Disarray, Confuse, Discompose, Dislocate, Intermix, Jumble, Barge, Stumble, Lumber, Tramp

Arrange, Calm, Compose, Neaten, Order, Organize, Remain, Breeze, Coast, Glide, Whisk

My father scolded me for shambling into the room.

Bureaucracy

Adverb

A body of non-elected government officials.

The body of officials and administrators of a government department.

A system of administration characterized by red tape, officialism, and routine.

(नौकरशाही / नौकरशाह / अधिकारी तंत्र / अधिकारी-वर्ग/ दफ्तरशाही)

Administration, Authority, Management, Ministry, Directorate, Government, Officialdom, Officials

-

Our local legislator has a stronghold in the bureaucracy in Delhi.

Vociferous

Adjective

Crying out loudly.

Characterized by noisy or vehement outcry.

(मुखर/ ज़ोर की आवाज़ का/ चिल्लानेवाला/ कोलाहलकारी)

Boisterous, Vehement, Noisy, Shrill, Clamorous, Strident, Blatant, Yowling, Clamant

Low, Silent, Soft, Quiet

Mr. Rajiv is the most vociferous critic of my work.

Spearhead

Noun

A leading influence in development.

Any person that leads an attack.

(पहल करनेवाला)

Leader, Boss

-

Her book became the spearhead of the Save Environment campaign.

Verb

To act as a spearhead.

(एक अग्रणी के रूप में कार्य करना)

Captain, Head, Lead

-

He spearheaded the movement against the Farm bills.

Emaciation

Noun

Abnormal thinness that is caused by a lack of nutrition.

Losing flesh to become very thin.

(साख/ स्थिति का प्रमाण या अधिकार/ प्रमाणित दस्तावेज़ या जानकारी जो किसी खाते की पहचान करती है।)

Anorexia, Atrophy, Attenuation, Boniness, Skinniness, Starvation, Consumption, Malnutrition

-

My sister-in-law became thin to the point of emaciation.

Potency

Noun

The power and influence of someone or something to affect or influence others.

The quality of being potent.

The ability to achieve a particular result.

Capacity to develop.

Effectiveness of someone or something.

(शक्ति/ बल/ प्रभावशालता/ पौरुष/ जनन-क्षमता)

Capability, Efficacy, Efficiency, Hardihood, Influence, Vigour, Authority, Birr, Capacity, Juice, Command

Impotence, Inability, Incompetence, Inefficiency, Enervation, Idleness, Inactivity, Weakness, Apathy

The potency of our leader’s words has been seen and experienced by all.

Stronghold

Noun

A fortified place.

A place of security.

A place dominated by a particular person or group.

(गढ़/ दुर्ग/ केंद्र/ किला)

Bastion, Fortress, Garrison, Bulwark, Castle, Citadel, Redout, Fort, Hold, Fortification

-

Arizona was considered a Republican stronghold until the 2020 elections.

Unassailable

Adjective

Not assailable.

Not liable to be doubtful, attackable, or questionable.

Not subject to dispute.

(अभेद्य/ अकाट/ अखंडनीय/ अनाक्रय)

Absolute, Conclusive, Fixed, Genuine, Guaranteed, Hard, Indisputable, Infallible, Undeniable, Unequivocal, Hallowed, Sacred, Untouchable

Disputable, Indefinite, Questionable, Refutable, Dubious, Imperfect

He won my heart by giving an unassailable argument in my favour.

Dominance

Adjective

The state of being dominant.

The condition of having the authority to influence or control.

High status in a social group.

(प्रभाव/ प्रभुत्व/ प्रधानता/ महत्व/ असर)

Control, Domination, Influence, Power, Preeminence, Rule, Ascendancxy, Authority, Command, Dominion, Sovereignty

Impotence, Incapacity, Weakness, Powerlessness, Yielding, Submission, Surrender, Inferiority

Our society is influenced by traditions made with male dominance.

Underscore

Noun

A line drawn beneath something written.

Music for a film soundtrack.

The music accompanying the action or dialogue of a film.

(लिखी हुई किसी चीज़ के नीचे खींची गई रेखा।/ एक फिल्म साउंडट्रैक के लिए संगीत। किसी फिल्म की क्रिया या संवाद के साथ संगीत।)

-

-

My teacher asked us to underscore the important points in our board exams.

Verb

To emphasize.

To mark with a line for emphasis.

To make evident.

(बल देना/ जांच लेना)

Accentuate, Highlight, Indicate, Mark, Accent, Caption, Feature, Italicize, Stress, Amplify, Augment

Decrease, Diminish, Lessen, De-emphasize, Reduce, Subdue, Understate

The recent events underscore the dangers of disregarding fire safety norms.

Heartland

Adjective

Any central area of a state or nation.

The part of a region that is considered most important for the survival of the whole.

(गहरा पीछा/ किसी राज्य या राष्ट्र का कोई केंद्रीय क्षेत्र।)

Backwoods, Inland, Rural, Backwater, Backland, Boondocks, Contents, Heart

Border, Coastal, Exterior, Exteriority, Outside

BJP has a stronghold in the Hindi heartland.

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In the later Vedic period, the term "Bali" denoted