The Hindu Vocabulary 12 June 2022

2022-06-12

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 11 June 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Known unknowns: On Presidential elections.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Crucial

Adjective

Of great importance.

(गंभीर)

Pivotal, Critical, Key, Decisive, Deciding

Minor, Trivial, Small, Minute, Insignificant, Irrelevant

The upcoming Presidential election is crucial for BJP.

Successor

Noun


A person or thing that succeeds another.

(उत्तराधिकारी)

Heir, Descendant, Beneficiary, Replacement, Substitute

-

It's time that you announce a new successor to your business.  

Kick off

Verb

To start

(शुरू करना)

Begin, Come out, Commence, Emerge, Occur

Disappear, Hide, End, Finish, Leave, Stop

The three-day festival has been kicked off in Mumbai.

Grab

Verb

Grasp or seize suddenly and roughly.

(लपकना)

Snatch, Seize hold of, Grip, Clutch, Pluck

Free, Let go, Release, Offer, Lose

He grabbed my hand to avoid slipping from the ramp.

Nominee

Noun

A candidate for an office or as the recipient of a grant or award.


A person or company whose name is given as having title to a stock, real estate, etc., but who is not the actual owner.

(नामांकित व्यक्ति)

Applicant, Appointee, Aspirant, Contestant, Seeker

-

I am confused as to whom should I declare the nominee for the election.

Convey

Verb


Transport or carry to a place.

(किसी स्थान पर ले जाना)

Express message

(बताना)

Transport, Carry, Bring, Take, Fetch, Bear, Shift

Communicate, Disclose, Impart, Send, Tell

Receive, Take, Deny, Discourage, Dissuade, Free

Conceal, Keep, Cover, Hide, Suppress

He conveyed his greetings to me through a bouquet.

Commit

Verb

carry out or perpetrate (a mistake, crime, or immoral act).

(अपराध करना)


pledge or bind (a person or an organization) to a certain course or policy.

(वादा करना)

Carry out, Perform, Engage, Enact

Pledge, Devote, Apply, Dedicate

Fail, Abstain, Behave, Obey

Refuse, Withhold, Disapprove, Reject

Peter committed a crime for which he can be sent for imprisonment.

Shane is committed towards achieving his goal.

Foretold

Adjective

Known beforehand

(पहले से पता होना)

Boded, Presaged

-

The result of the cricket match was foretold yet we watched the match till the last ball played.

Keenly

Adverb

Intensely

(गौर से)

Severely, Suddenly, Judiciously, Logically, Skillfully

-

The experiment was keenly observed by all students.

Crippling

Adjective

Causing a severe and almost insuperable problem.

(अशक्त कर देने वाला)

Crushing, Damaging, Impairing, Hampering, Harming

-

Minamata is a crippling disease caused due to mercury poisoning.

Anticipate

Verb

To foresee.

To look forward to.

To nullify by taking countermeasures.

To expect something.

To perform an action before another has acted.

(पूर्वानुमान करना/ प्रत्याशा करना/ पहले ही विचार कर लेना) 

Await, Expect, Hope, Assume, Forecast, See, Visualize, Forestall, Prevent

Doubt, Surprised, Amazed, Allow, Forward

He anticipated that he will qualify for the mains exam.

Coalition

Noun

A temporary alliance for combined action, especially of political parties forming a government.

(गठबंधन)

Alliance, Federation, Consortium, Merger, Union, Partnership

Severance, Dispensation, Disbursement, Allotment, Apportionment

Rahul Gandhi wants to lead the opposition coalition.

Unwilling

Adjective

Not ready, eager, or prepared to do something.

(अनिच्छुक)

Compelled, Evasive, Forced, Reluctant, Averse

Eager, Enthusiastic, Ready, Willing

I was unwilling to take the University admission exam.

Divergent

Adjective

Tending to be different or develop in different directions.

(विभिन्न)

Atypical, Conflicting, Contradictory, Contrary, Different

Agreeing, Alike, Equal, Normal, Similar

I and my dad had divergent views on political conditions in India.

Devise

Verb

plan or invent (a complex procedure, system, or mechanism) by careful thought.

(योजना बनाना)

Conceive, Think, Formulate, Create, Compose, Originate, Blueprint

Destroy, Disorder, Ruin, Forget, Ignore, Neglect

The forces devised a plan to enter the enemy barracks.

Coherent

Adjective

(of an argument, theory, or policy) logical and consistent.

(सुसंगत)

Logical, Reasonable, Rational, Sound, Systematic, Orderly

Confused, Disorderly, Irrational, Obscure, Unsystematic

Bobby needs to make a coherent strategy to win the championship.

Align

Verb

Line up/ arrange next to

(पंक्ति में करना)

Adjust, Coordinate, Regulate, Fix, Order

Disorganise, Break, Disorder, Divide

The tables were aligned to the wall.

 

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Question Of The Day

With reference to the “G20 Common Framework”, consider the following statements:

1. It is an initiative endorsed by the G20 together with the Paris Club.

2. It is an initiative to support Low Income Countries with unsustainable debt.

Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?