The Hindu Vocabulary 21 September 2023

2023-09-21

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 21 September  2023 is from the Editorial titled “Legislating change: On the passage of the women’s reservation bill in the Lok Sabha".

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Delay

 Verb

To postpone or defer an action, event, or process to a later time.

(देर करना)

Postpone, Defer, Put off, Procrastinate, Hold off, Stall, Temporize, Tarry, Hesitate, Dawdle

Expedite, Hasten, Accelerate, Advance, Speed up, Facilitate, Quicken, Rush, Prompt, Hurry

The flight was delayed due to bad weather, causing passengers to wait at the airport for hours.

Shatter

 Verb

To break into pieces with a sudden and violent force, often resulting in complete destruction.

(टुकड़े टुकड़े करना)

Break, Smash, Crush, Fragment, Fragmentize, Splinter, Demolish, Ruin, Destroy, Wreck

Mend, Repair, Fix, Restore, Build, Construct, Create, Strengthen, Rebuild, Renew

The earthquake had the power to shatter buildings and leave behind a trail of destruction.

Extend

 Verb

To make something longer or larger in size, space, or time.

(बढ़ाना)

Lengthen, Stretch, Expand, Enlarge, Prolong, Elongate, Protract, Broaden, Continue, Increase

Shorten, Reduce, Contract, Shrink, Decrease, Curtail, Minimize, Cut, Abbreviate, Diminish

They decided to extend the meeting by another hour to discuss the important issues in detail.

Growth

 Noun

The process of increasing in size, quantity, or development; expansion.

(विकास)

Expansion, Development, Advancement, Progress, Increase, Augmentation, Prosperity, Flourishing, Maturation, Enlargement

Contraction, Decline, Decrease, Reduction, Shrinkage, Diminishment, Stagnation, Recession, Deterioration, Regression

The rapid growth of technology has transformed various industries in recent years.

Fraught

 Adjective

Filled with, marked by, or causing anxiety, worry, or tension; laden with something undesirable.

(भरपूर)

Filled, Laden, Packed, Charged, Loaded, Infused, Abundant, Replete, Brimming, Stuffed

Empty, Vacant, Bare, Devoid, Clear, Unfilled, Unburdened, Void, Sparse, Barren

The situation was fraught with tension as they awaited the results of the crucial exam.

Laudatory

 Adjective

Expressing praise and commendation; complimentary.

(प्रशंसा)

Praiseful, Commendatory, Approbatory, Flattering, Admiring, Applauding, Acclamatory, Encomiastic, Eulogistic, Panegyrical

Critical, Disapproving, Censuring, Blaming, Demeaning, Denigrating, Destructive, Hostile, Detractive, Uncomplimentary

The laudatory remarks from the judges boosted the confidence of the young singer.

Unfortunate

 Adjective

Suffering from bad luck; unlucky.

(दुर्भाग्यपूर्ण)

Luckless, Ill-fated, Cursed, Unlucky, Jinxed, Woeful, Unhappy, Unpropitious, Unlucky, Tragic

Fortunate, Lucky, Blessed, Prosperous, Serendipitous, Auspicious, Felicitous, Favored, Charmed, Advantageous

It was unfortunate that the rain spoiled our picnic plans.

Ruse

 Noun

A deceptive or cunning strategy or trick used to deceive someone.

(धोखाधड़ी)

Stratagem, Ploy, Tactic, Deception, Scheme, Artifice, Trick, Subterfuge, Wile, Gambit

Honesty, Truth, Candor, Sincerity, Frankness, Fairness, Openness, Directness, Ingenuousness, Transparency

The spy employed a clever ruse to infiltrate the enemy's headquarters unnoticed.

Tune

 Verb

To adjust or adapt something, often music, to a particular pitch, melody, or mood.

(सुर को मेल करना)

Harmonize, Adjust, Adapt, Modulate, Melodize, Conform, Coordinate, Fine-tune, Sync, Blend

Dissonance, Clashing, Discord, Jarring, Disharmony, Mismatch, Unharmonious, Out of tune, Misfit, Conflict

The band needed to tune their instruments before the concert to ensure perfect harmony.

Ensure

Verb

To make certain that something will happen or be the case.

(सुनिश्चित करना)

Guarantee, Assure, Secure, Confirm, Verify, Validate, Establish, Affirm, Insure, Protect

Jeopardize, Endanger, Risk, Gamble, Imperil, Threaten, Hazard, Compromise, Insecure, Jeopardy

The safety measures in place ensure the well-being of the employees at the workplace.

Imbibe

 Verb

To absorb or take in something, typically knowledge or a quality.

(अदित करना)

Absorb, Assimilate, Ingest, Consume, Learn, Acquire, Digest, Soak up, Drink in, Take in

Expel, Eject, Reject, Vomit, Disgorge, Spew, Discharge, Evacuate, Eliminate, Excrete

She wanted to imbibe the culture of the new city she had moved to, so she started exploring its traditions and customs.

Barrier

 Noun

Something that blocks or obstructs progress, movement, or access.

(बाधा)

Obstacle, Hurdle, Blockade, Impediment, Obstruction, Hindrance, Deterrent, Encumbrance, Barricade, Wall

Passage, Opening, Access, Way, Freedom, Clearance, Aid, Assistance, Support, Help

The fallen tree acted as a barrier on the hiking trail, making it difficult for hikers to pass.

Falter

Verb

To lose strength or momentum; to hesitate or waver in action or intent.

(कमजोर होना)

Hesitate, Waver, Halt, Stumble, Flounder, Teeter, Vacillate, Sputter, Stammer, Hesitate

Persist, Continue, Stabilize, Proceed, Advance, Persevere, Persist, Succeed, Triumph, Maintain

She didn't falter in the face of adversity; instead, she pressed on with determination.

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Question Of The Day

In which of the following months is Gokulashtami celebrated every year as per Hindu tradition? / हिंदू परंपरा के अनुसार हर साल गोकुलाष्टमी निम्नलिखित में से किस महीने में मनाई जाती है?


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