The Hindu Vocabulary 19 September 2023

2023-09-19

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 19 September 2023 is from the Editorial titled “Sanctions for change: On America’s policy towards Iran".

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Flouting

 Verb

Openly disregarding or violating a rule, law, or social convention; showing contempt or disrespect for authority.

(उल्लंघन)

Defying, Disobeying, Violating, Ignoring, Disregarding, Disrespecting, Disdaining, Scorning, Mocking, Rebelling

Obeying, Following, Complying, Respecting, Adhering, Observing, Submitting, Abiding, Conforming, Upholding

The protestors were flouting the curfew orders by marching through the streets.

Mandatory

 Adjective

Required by law or rules; obligatory; something that must be done.

(अनिवार्य)

Compulsory, Obligatory, Required, Necessary, Mandatory, Prescribed, Essential, Binding, Forced, Requisite

Optional, Voluntary, Discretionary, Elective, Noncompulsory, Permissive, Unnecessary, Unforced, Facultative, Volitional

Wearing a seatbelt is mandatory for all passengers in the car.

Vulnerable

 Adjective

Susceptible to harm, danger, or attack; easily wounded or hurt; lacking protection or defense.

(चपेट में)

Defenseless, Helpless, Weak, Fragile, Susceptible, Exposed, Unprotected, Frail, Open, Endangered

Invulnerable, Protected, Secure, Resistant, Strong, Defended, Safe, Shielded, Immune, Impervious

The children were vulnerable to the flu because they hadn't been vaccinated.

Crippling

 Adjective

Causing severe damage or impairment; debilitating; making someone or something unable to function effectively.

(परालीकरण)

Debilitating, Damaging, Disabling, Disruptive, Enfeebling, Devastating, Paralyzing, Ruinous, Harmful, Hampering

Empowering, Strengthening, Enabling, Invigorating, Fortifying, Beneficial, Constructive, Helpful, Restorative, Rejuvenating

The economic recession had a crippling effect on small businesses, causing many to close.

Trigger

 Verb

To initiate or set off a particular action, process, or event; to cause something to happen.

(ट्रिगर)

Activate, Initiate, Spark, Evoke, Prompt, Provoke, Incite, Instigate, Set off, Start

Halt, Stop, Prevent, Suppress, Deter, Inhibit, Restrain, Quell, Squelch, Curb

The loud noise of the fireworks can trigger anxiety in some people.

Rattle

 Verb

To make a series of sharp, quick noises, often causing a sense of disturbance or nervousness; to shake or vibrate rapidly.

 (कंपना)

Shake, Jolt, Startle, Alarm, Disturb, Upset, Frighten, Agitate, Disconcert, Unsettle

Calm, Soothe, Comfort, Pacify, Reassure, Settle, Stabilize, Steady, Relax, Quieten

The sudden loud noise from the construction site began to rattle the residents of the quiet neighborhood.

Crackdown

 Noun

A severe and often forceful action taken to suppress or control a particular activity, typically by authorities or law enforcement.

(संकटमोक्ष)

Clampdown, Suppression, Crackdown, Repression, Censure, Restraint, Inhibition, Constraint, Control, Stricture

Leniency, Tolerance, Permissiveness, Freedom, Liberalization, Relaxation, Noninterference, Permission, Indulgence, Laissez-faire

The government initiated a crackdown on illegal gambling operations in the city.

Alter

 Verb

To make changes or modifications to something, typically to transform or adjust it in some way.

 (बदलना)

Modify, Change, Revise, Adjust, Adapt, Amend, Transform, Revamp, Tweak, Edit

Maintain, Preserve, Keep, Leave unchanged, Retain, Stagnate, Keep intact, Leave as is, Consign, Stay the same

She decided to alter her hairstyle for a fresh look.

Unrest

 Noun

A state of dissatisfaction, disturbance, or agitation, often resulting from social or political issues; a lack of calm or peace.

(अशांति)

Turmoil, Discontent, Agitation, Unsettledness, Disturbance, Uproar, Disorder, Tumult, Commotion, Unquietness

Calm, Peace, Tranquility, Serenity, Harmony, Contentment, Quiet, Stability, Stillness, Order

The country experienced a period of unrest as protests against government policies intensified.

Detain

 Verb

To keep someone in official custody, typically while awaiting a legal process or investigation; to delay or hold back.

(रोकना)

Confine, Hold, Incarcerate, Imprison, Arrest, Restrain, Capture, Seize, Apprehend, Detain

Release, Free, Liberate, Unshackle, Let go, Set free, Discharge, Release on bail, Acquit, Dismiss

The police had to detain the suspect for further questioning.

Resentment

 Noun

Bitter indignation or ill will be felt as a result of a real or perceived injustice, insult, or injury; a deep-seated feeling of anger and displeasure.

(नाराज़गी)

Bitterness, Anger, Indignation, Displeasure, Hostility, Grudge, Animosity, Acrimony, Rancor, Offense

Forgiveness, Acceptance, Tolerance, Amicability, Contentment, Satisfaction, Benevolence, Composure, Serenity, Peace

His resentment towards his co-worker grew stronger after he felt unfairly treated.

Rhetoric

 Noun

The art or skill of using language effectively to persuade, influence, or impress; often characterized by elaborate or insincere language.

(वक्तृत्व)

Oratory, Eloquence, Persuasiveness, Grandiloquence, Bombast, Discourse, Articulation, Expression, Speech, Language

Plainness, Sincerity, Candidness, Frankness, Directness, Simplicity, Authenticity, Clarity, Unadorned, Straightforwardness

His speech was filled with rhetorical flourishes, but it lacked substance and sincerity.

Hostile

 Adjective

Showing unfriendly or aggressive behavior; antagonistic; opposed or resistant to something.

(शत्रुतापूर्ण)

Adversarial, Antagonistic, Unfriendly, Belligerent, Aggressive, Combative, Inimical, Opposing, Militant, Confrontational

Friendly, Amicable, Peaceful, Cordial, Harmonious, Hospitable, Benevolent, Kind, Welcoming, Non-hostile

The two nations have had a hostile relationship for many years, marked by conflicts and disputes.

 

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Kepler’s first law is known as law of _______ ? / केप्लर का पहला नियम _______ का ज्ञात नियम है?


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