The Hindu Vocabulary 18 September 2023


The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 18 September 2023 is from the Editorial titled “Testing times: On shrinking of India’s goods exports."


Part of Speech/Idiom







To become smaller in size or amount; to recoil or retreat.


Reduce, Decrease, Contract, Diminish, Shrivel, Condense, Narrow, Compress, Recede, Withdraw

Expand, Enlarge, Grow, Increase, Expand, Stretch, Extend, Swell, Magnify, Amplify

In cold weather, the fabric of the sweater tends to shrink.



A sudden and powerful increase or movement; to rush or swell.


Surge, Rise, Soar, Escalate, Increase, Upturn, Jump, Spurt, Propel, Advance

Decrease, Decline, Drop, Plummet, Fall, Ebb, Subside, Recede, Diminish, Retreat

The stock market experienced a surge in trading activity after the positive news was announced.



The amount by which something is lacking or falls short; a shortage of something.


Shortage, Shortfall, Lack, Insufficiency, Scarcity, Inadequacy, Depletion, Dearth, Deficiency, Famine

Surplus, Excess, Abundance, Plenty, Overflow, Overabundance, Profusion, Surfeit, Ample, Plenitude

The government had to address the budget deficit to stabilize the economy.



The act of estimating or predicting future data based on existing information.


Predictions, Projections, Forecasts, Estimations, Extrapolations, Speculations, Inferences, Conjectures, Anticipations, Assumptions

Facts, Realities, Actualities, Truths, Certainties, Verifications, Observations, Confirmations, Evidence, Realizations

The economist's extrapolations suggested that the economy would grow at a steady rate in the coming years.



A state of great disturbance, confusion, or uncertainty.


Chaos, Disorder, Confusion, Tumult, Pandemonium, Commotion, Disarray, Havoc, Upheaval, Unrest

Order, Calm, Peace, Tranquility, Harmony, Serenity, Stability, Quiet, Rest, Composure

The political turmoil in the country led to protests and demonstrations in the streets.



Unable to be touched or grasped; not having a physical presence.


Incorporeal, Immaterial, Nonphysical, Ethereal, Unseen, Abstract, Impalpable, Unperceivable, Insensible, Supernatural

Tangible, Physical, Concrete, Real, Material, Touchable, Solid, Palpable, Visible, Perceptible

Love is an intangible feeling that can't be held but is deeply felt.



To make a problem, situation, or feeling worse or more intense.


Aggravate, Worsen, Intensify, Heighten, Escalate, Exaggerate, Compound, Deteriorate, Irritate, Provoke

Alleviate, Improve, Ameliorate, Mitigate, Ease, Relieve, Calm, Soothe, Pacify, Moderate

His constant complaints only served to exacerbate the tension in the room.



To increase or intensify in scale, size, or scope; to become more serious or severe.


Intensify, Increase, Expand, Grow, Magnify, Raise, Amplify, Boost, Augment, Elevate

Decrease, Diminish, Reduce, Lower, De-escalate, Abate, Minimize, Lessen, Shrink, Contract

The conflict between the two nations threatened to escalate into a full-blown war.



A chess opening in which a player risks one or more pawns or a minor piece to gain an advantage.


Strategy, Maneuver, Tactic, Plan, Move, Scheme, Ploy, Ruse, Artifice, Trick

The chess player surprised their opponent with an unexpected gambit in the opening moves.

The chess player surprised their opponent with an unexpected gambit in the opening moves.



Producing a lot of profit or wealth; profitable.


Profitable, Gainful, Money-making, Remunerative, Prosperous, Productive, Successful, Beneficial, Valuable, Rewarding

Unprofitable, Nonremunerative, Unrewarding, Losing, Unsuccessful, Fruitless, Unproductive, Poor, Worthless, Costly

The real estate market in that area has been quite lucrative for investors.



To make something slightly wet; to lessen the spirits or enthusiasm of someone.


Moisten, Wet, Saturate, Soak, Sog, Diminish, Depress, Discourage, Deter, Dishearten

Dry, Dehydrate, Encourage, Motivate, Uplift, Excite, Inspire, Ignite, Enthuse, Stimulate

The rain started to dampen our picnic plans, but we carried on with enthusiasm.



A sharp increase or raise in something, such as prices or wages.


Increase, Raise, Surge, Jump, Upsurge, Increment, Uptick, Climb, Advance, Escalation

Decrease, Reduction, Drop, Decline, Lowering, Fall, Decrease, Cut, Reduction, Downturn

The sudden hike in gasoline prices was a cause of concern for motorists.



To care for and encourage the growth or development of someone or something.

(पोषण करना)

Foster, Cultivate, Support, Raise, Rear, Nourish, Develop, Cherish, Encourage, Sustain

Neglect, Abandon, Ignore, Discourage, Stifle, Hinder, Suppress, Retard, Inhibit, Harm

Parents nurture their children's talents by providing them with opportunities and support.

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Question Of The Day

Which of the following waterways separates India from Sri Lanka? / निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा जलमार्ग भारत को श्रीलंका से अलग करता है?