The Hindu Vocabulary 18 September 2023

2023-09-18

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 18 September 2023 is from the Editorial titled “Testing times: On shrinking of India’s goods exports."

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Shrink

 Verb

To become smaller in size or amount; to recoil or retreat.

(सुकरना)

Reduce, Decrease, Contract, Diminish, Shrivel, Condense, Narrow, Compress, Recede, Withdraw

Expand, Enlarge, Grow, Increase, Expand, Stretch, Extend, Swell, Magnify, Amplify

In cold weather, the fabric of the sweater tends to shrink.

Surge

 Noun

A sudden and powerful increase or movement; to rush or swell.

(वृद्धि)

Surge, Rise, Soar, Escalate, Increase, Upturn, Jump, Spurt, Propel, Advance

Decrease, Decline, Drop, Plummet, Fall, Ebb, Subside, Recede, Diminish, Retreat

The stock market experienced a surge in trading activity after the positive news was announced.

Deficit

 Noun

The amount by which something is lacking or falls short; a shortage of something.

(घातक)

Shortage, Shortfall, Lack, Insufficiency, Scarcity, Inadequacy, Depletion, Dearth, Deficiency, Famine

Surplus, Excess, Abundance, Plenty, Overflow, Overabundance, Profusion, Surfeit, Ample, Plenitude

The government had to address the budget deficit to stabilize the economy.

Extrapolations

 Noun

The act of estimating or predicting future data based on existing information.

(पूर्वानुमान)

Predictions, Projections, Forecasts, Estimations, Extrapolations, Speculations, Inferences, Conjectures, Anticipations, Assumptions

Facts, Realities, Actualities, Truths, Certainties, Verifications, Observations, Confirmations, Evidence, Realizations

The economist's extrapolations suggested that the economy would grow at a steady rate in the coming years.

Turmoil

 Noun

A state of great disturbance, confusion, or uncertainty.

(उपद्रव)

Chaos, Disorder, Confusion, Tumult, Pandemonium, Commotion, Disarray, Havoc, Upheaval, Unrest

Order, Calm, Peace, Tranquility, Harmony, Serenity, Stability, Quiet, Rest, Composure

The political turmoil in the country led to protests and demonstrations in the streets.

Intangible

 Adjective

Unable to be touched or grasped; not having a physical presence.

(अमूर्त)

Incorporeal, Immaterial, Nonphysical, Ethereal, Unseen, Abstract, Impalpable, Unperceivable, Insensible, Supernatural

Tangible, Physical, Concrete, Real, Material, Touchable, Solid, Palpable, Visible, Perceptible

Love is an intangible feeling that can't be held but is deeply felt.

Exacerbate

 Verb

To make a problem, situation, or feeling worse or more intense.

(बिगाड़ना)

Aggravate, Worsen, Intensify, Heighten, Escalate, Exaggerate, Compound, Deteriorate, Irritate, Provoke

Alleviate, Improve, Ameliorate, Mitigate, Ease, Relieve, Calm, Soothe, Pacify, Moderate

His constant complaints only served to exacerbate the tension in the room.

Escalate

 Verb

To increase or intensify in scale, size, or scope; to become more serious or severe.

(बढ़ाना)

Intensify, Increase, Expand, Grow, Magnify, Raise, Amplify, Boost, Augment, Elevate

Decrease, Diminish, Reduce, Lower, De-escalate, Abate, Minimize, Lessen, Shrink, Contract

The conflict between the two nations threatened to escalate into a full-blown war.

Gambit

 Noun

A chess opening in which a player risks one or more pawns or a minor piece to gain an advantage.

(उपाय)

Strategy, Maneuver, Tactic, Plan, Move, Scheme, Ploy, Ruse, Artifice, Trick

The chess player surprised their opponent with an unexpected gambit in the opening moves.

The chess player surprised their opponent with an unexpected gambit in the opening moves.

Lucrative

 Adjective

Producing a lot of profit or wealth; profitable.

(लाभकारी)

Profitable, Gainful, Money-making, Remunerative, Prosperous, Productive, Successful, Beneficial, Valuable, Rewarding

Unprofitable, Nonremunerative, Unrewarding, Losing, Unsuccessful, Fruitless, Unproductive, Poor, Worthless, Costly

The real estate market in that area has been quite lucrative for investors.

Dampen

 Verb

To make something slightly wet; to lessen the spirits or enthusiasm of someone.

(भिगोना)

Moisten, Wet, Saturate, Soak, Sog, Diminish, Depress, Discourage, Deter, Dishearten

Dry, Dehydrate, Encourage, Motivate, Uplift, Excite, Inspire, Ignite, Enthuse, Stimulate

The rain started to dampen our picnic plans, but we carried on with enthusiasm.

Hike

Noun

A sharp increase or raise in something, such as prices or wages.

(वृद्धि)

Increase, Raise, Surge, Jump, Upsurge, Increment, Uptick, Climb, Advance, Escalation

Decrease, Reduction, Drop, Decline, Lowering, Fall, Decrease, Cut, Reduction, Downturn

The sudden hike in gasoline prices was a cause of concern for motorists.

Nurture

 Verb

To care for and encourage the growth or development of someone or something.

(पोषण करना)

Foster, Cultivate, Support, Raise, Rear, Nourish, Develop, Cherish, Encourage, Sustain

Neglect, Abandon, Ignore, Discourage, Stifle, Hinder, Suppress, Retard, Inhibit, Harm

Parents nurture their children's talents by providing them with opportunities and support.

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Which of the following waterways separates India from Sri Lanka? / निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा जलमार्ग भारत को श्रीलंका से अलग करता है?


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