The Hindu Vocabulary 1 July 2022

2022-07-01

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 1 July 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Theatre of the absurd: On Alt News co-founder Mohammed Zubair’s arrest’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Absurd

Adjective

Wildly unreasonable, illogical, or inappropriate.

Having no rational relationship to human life.

(बेतुका/ असंगत/ विवेकहीन/ विवेकशून्य/ हास्यास्पद/ मूर्खतापूर्ण)

 

Preposterous, Ridiculous, Farcical, Risible, Idiotic, Crazy, Foolish, Goofy, Illogical, Irrational, Laughable, Nonsensical, Silly, Unreasonable, Wacky, Stupid

Logical, Practical, Rational, Reasonable, Sensible, Responsible, Realistic, Smart, Wise, Certain

I am not going to watch such absurd humor.

Noun

The quality of existing in a meaningless and irrational world.

(एक अर्थहीन और तर्कहीन दुनिया में विद्यमान होने का गुण।)

-

-

I don’t like theatre of the absurd.

Instance

Noun

A case or occurrence of anything.

A stage or situation viewed as a series of events.

(उदाहरण/ घटना)

Case, Example, Illustration, Prototype

Hide

Getting incited based on rumors is an instance of a lack of responsibility and sense.

Verb

To illustrate or mention as an example.

(उदाहरण के रूप में उद्धृत करें)

Adduce, Cite, Mention, Quote

Hide

She instanced her experiences in the college when we went camping in the desert.

Intolerance

Noun

Lack of tolerance.

Unwillingness to tolerate persons of a different social group.

Incapacity to bear or endure.

Abnormal sensitivity to a food or drug.

(असहिष्णुता/ असहनीयता)

Bigotry, Illiberalism, Sectarianism, Partisanship, Prejudice, Dogmatism, Narrow-mindedness

Fairness, Tolerance, Liberalism, Broad-mindedness, Open-mindedness, Liberality

He addressed intolerance and its causes in his speech.

Vile

Adjective

Highly offensive or objectionable.

Wretchedly bad.

Disgusting as to the senses or feelings.

Morally despicable.

Of little worth.

(नीच/ घिनौना/ नीचतापूर्ण/ पाजी/ अधम/ निकम्मा/ खल)

Appalling, Contemptible, Depraved, Despicable, Sleazy, Ugly, Vicious, Vulgar, Disgraceful, Humiliating, Miserable, Nasty

Agreeable, Attractive, Comforting, Decent, Helpful, Honourable, Kind, Good, Gentle, Desirous, Noble

These vile deeds of yours will make you pay one day.

Incite

Verb

To encourage.

To prompt action.

To encourage violent or unlawful behaviour.

(उत्तेजित करना/ प्रवृत्त करना/ पहुंचना/ भड़काना/ उकसाना)

Abet, Agitate, Arouse, Activate, Encourage, Exhort, Actuate, Animate, Coax, Inspire, Instigate, Prompt, Provoke

Block, Calm, Dampen, Depress, Lull, Prevent, Quiet, Soothe, Halt, Discourage, Tranquilize

The rumors have incited communal violence.

Embarrassment

Noun

The state of being embarrassed.

Something that embarrasses.

Difficulty in functioning as a result of a disease.

Difficulties arising due to want of money to pay debts.

An overwhelmingly excessive amount.

(शर्मिंदगी/ परेशानी/ उलझन/ घबराहट/ उलजाव/ उलझेड़ा)

Chagrin, Confusion, Difficulty, Dilemma, Mess, Unease, Distress, Fix, Hitch, Indebtedness, Awkwardness, Plight, Discomfiture

Calm, Order, Benefit, Blessing, Boldness, Boon, Organisation, Pleasure, Solution, Advantage

The scandal was a major embarrassment to the party.

Enmity

Noun

A feeling of hostility.

(शत्रुता/ वैर)

Acrimony, Alienation, Animosity, Animus

Approval, Friendliness, Friendship, Kindness

I cans sense the enmity between the two families.

Pseudonymous

Adjective

Bearing a false name.

Written under a fictitious name.

(उपनाम से लिखनेवाला/ छद्मनामी/ असत्य वाक्य-संबंधी)

Affected, Artificial, Bogus, Counterfeit, Feigned, Fictitious, Imitation, Phony, Fake, False

-

The pseudonymous author of this mystery novel is still not known.

Vengeance

Noun

To an extreme degree.

The desire for revenge.

(प्रतिशोध)

Reprisal, Revenge, Retribution, Repayment

Forgiveness, Pardon, Sympathy

Mr. Ruffalo was full of vengeance against the murderer of his friends.

Regime

Noun

A system of government.

A government in power.

(प्रशासन)

Administration, Establishment, Government, Management

-

A change of regime has taken place in Maharashtra.

Resentment

Noun

Bitter indignation at having been treated unfairly.

(नाराज़गी)

Acrimony, Animosity, Annoyance, Bitterness

Calm, Cheer, Comfort, Happiness

Rustam’s resentment went to another level when his parents reduced his pocket money.

Conjure

Verb

To make something appear by magic.

To produce as by magic.

To practice magic.

To charge solemnly.

To summon a devil spirit by incantation.

(जादू करना/ टोना करना/ तमाशा दिखाना)

Crave, Ask, Exorcise, Invoke, Summon

Disenchant, Disgust, Repel, Repulse

Achieving these results in such a short period is like conjuring a miracle.

Prosecution

Noun

The act of prosecuting.

The party by which criminal proceedings are conducted.

The following up of something begun, to its completion.

(अभियोग पक्ष/ अभियोजन/ अभियोग)

Pursuit, Accomplishment, Execution, Achievement, Pursuance, Performance, Implementation, Perpetration, Commission

Defeat, Failure, Neglect, Nonfulfillment, Non-performance

The prosecution lawyer is collecting pieces of evidence and talking with the witnesses.

Jurisdiction

Adjective

The authority to administer justice by means of hearing.

Power or authority.

The authority of a sovereign power to govern or legislate.

The range of law enforcement.

The territory over which authority is exercised.

(क्षेत्राधिकार/ अधिकार-क्षेत्र/ न्याय सीमा/ अधिकारक्षेत्रा)

Administration, Arbitration, Authority, Command, Supervision, Territory, Zone, Command, Commission, Discretion, Regime, Rule

Impotence, Incapacity, Powerlessness, Weakness

The matter falls under the jurisdiction of the Civil Court.

Insinuation

Verb

An indirect suggestion, especially of a derogatory nature.

Covert suggestion.

Subtle instillment into the mind.

An action or remark aimed at stealing favour and affection.

(आक्षेप/ कटाक्ष/ फुसलाव/ उकसावा)

Innuendo, Suggestion, Hint, Imputation, Aspersion, Inkling, Slander, Suggestion

-

She made insinuations in an ingenious way.

Magistracy

Noun

The office of a magistrate.

The state of being a magistrate.

The power and functions of a magistrate.

The area is under the jurisdiction of a magistrate.

(मैजिस्ट्रेट का पद/ न्यायाधीश/ मैजिस्ट्रेट समूह/ न्यायाध्यक्ष)

Administration, Supervision, Territory, Zone, Area, Arbitration, Authority, Command, Commission, Control, Discretion, Power, Rule, Scope, Sovereignty

Impotence, Submission, Incapacity, Powerlessness, Yielding, Surrender, Weakness

He was elected for the magistracy in his hometown.

Malicious

Adjective

Characterized by malice; intending or intended to harm.

(दुर्भावनापूर्ण)

Spiteful, Malevolent, Hostile, Bitter, Venomous, Poisonous

Benevolent, Kind, Warm-hearted, Gracious, Caring, Humane

She decided to stay away from their malicious gossip.

Perpetuate

Verb

To cause to last indefinitely.

To preserve from extinction.

(यादगार बनाना/ चिरायु बनाना/ स्थिर करना/ अविरत बनाना/ स्थिर रखना)

Bolster, Maintain, Eternalize, Preserve, Conserve, Keep, Immortalize, Continue

Discontinue, Neglect, Release, Halt, Stop

We have perpetuated our father’s name by making a statue of his.

Hound

Noun

One of any breeds of dogs used for hunting by sight or scent.

A mean or despicable person.

(शिकारी कुत्ता)

Dog, Afghan, Beagle, Airedale, Dachshund, Mongrel, Basset, Canine

-

He was irritated with an autograph hound.

Adjective

To harass without respite.

To pursue as if with hounds.

To affect by persistent harassment.

(बिना राहत के परेशान करना।)

Annoy, Bother, Goad, Harass, Heckle, Harry, Hassle, Hunt, Impel, Hector, Persecute, Pester

Aid, Help, Ignore, Soothe, Support, Discourage, Dissuade, Please

Her friend wouldn’t stop hounding her.

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