The Hindu Vocabulary 14 September 2023

2023-09-14

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 14 September 2023 is from the Editorial titled “Unified approach: On the Nipah outbreak in Kerala and a One Health approach".

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Unified

 Adjective

United or brought together into a single entity.

(एकीकृत)

United, Consolidated, Harmonized, Integrated, Merged, Coalesced, Joined, Combined, Unified, Synthesized

Divided, Separated, Disjointed, Fragmented, Segregated, Disunited, Isolated, Scattered, Fragmented, Divergent

The merger of the two companies resulted in a unified and stronger organization.

Wreaking

 Verb

Causing extensive damage or harm.

 (क्षति पहुँचाना)

Inflicting, Causing, Unleashing, Inflicting, Creating, Bringing about, Executing, Exercising, Producing, Effecting

Repairing, Fixing, Mending, Healing, Restoring, Protecting, Preserving, Saving, Caring for, Tending to

The hurricane wreaked havoc on the coastal town, causing widespread destruction.

Havoc

 Noun

Widespread and chaotic destruction or devastation.

(व्यापक नाश)

Devastation, Destruction, Ruin, Chaos, Mayhem, Carnage, Ruination, Desolation, Calamity, Catastrophe

Order, Peace, Stability, Harmony, Prosperity, Rebuilding, Preservation, Reconstruction, Rejuvenation, Security

The earthquake unleashed havoc, leaving buildings in ruins and people in distress.

Terrifying

 Adjective

Causing extreme fear or terror.

(डरावने)

Frightening, Scary, Horrifying, Petrifying, Hair-raising, Chilling, Alarming, Dreadful, Spine-tingling, Appalling

Comforting, Reassuring, Calming, Soothing, Inviting, Friendly, Pleasant, Welcoming, Encouraging, Heartening

The horror movie was so terrifying that I had to cover my eyes during some scenes.

Deceased

 Adjective

A person who has died.

(मृत)

Dead, Departed, Late, Expired, Passed away, Defunct, Lifeless, Extinct, No longer living, Perished

Alive, Living, Surviving, Breathing, Animated, Existing, Thriving, Resurrected, Revived, Active

The deceased's family held a solemn funeral service to honor their loved one's memory.

Containment

 Noun

The act of keeping something under control or within limits.

(नियंत्रण)

Control, Restraint, Confinement, Suppression, Restriction, Regulation, Management, Repression, Enclosure, Confinement

Release, Freedom, Liberation, Unleashing, Expansion, Spreading, Escalation, Outpouring, Unrestraint, Uncontrolled

The quick containment of the fire prevented it from spreading to neighboring houses.

Preparatory

 Adjective

Relating to preparation or getting ready for something.

(पूर्व सिद्धांत)

Preliminary, Introductory, Prelusive, Anticipatory, Training, Preliminarily, Proleptic, Preludial, Primal, Preparative

Conclusive, Final, Definitive, Ultimate, Closing, Posterior, Follow-up, Subsequent, Resulting, Later

The preparatory courses helped the students get ready for the challenging exams ahead.

Porous

 Adjective

Having small holes or openings that allow liquids or gases to pass through.

(शुष्कनिकरण)

Permeable, Penetrable, Absorbent, Breathable, Open, Hole-ridden, Leaky, Penetralia, Pervious, Absorptive

Impermeable, Solid, Sealed, Airtight, Non-porous, Watertight, Impenetrable, Dense, Impenetrable, Waterproof

The sponge is porous and quickly absorbs any spilled liquid.

Outbreak

 Noun

The sudden occurrence or start of something, often used in the context of diseases or conflicts.

(प्रकोप)

Epidemic, Flare-up, Surge, Eruption, Onset, Commencement, Onrush, Burst, Spate, Outpouring

Abatement, Decline, Decrease, Subsidence, Recession, Downturn, Retreat, Ebb, Disappearance, Dissipation

The outbreak of the virus led to widespread panic and immediate containment measures.

Appreciation

 Noun

Recognizing and valuing the qualities or efforts of someone or something.

(प्रशंसा)

Recognition, Admiration, Gratitude, Acknowledgment, Applause, Compliment, Praise, Esteem, Approval, Gratefulness

Criticism, Disapproval, Censure, Blame, Condemnation, Denunciation, Reproach, Disfavor, Distrust, Neglect

She expressed her appreciation for the hard work and dedication of the team.

Integrated

 Adjective

Combined or unified into a cohesive whole. 

(समग्र)

Unified, Merged, Incorporated, Consolidated, Blended, Combined, Coordinated, Fused, Synthesized, Joined

Separated, Segregated, Isolated, Divided, Disconnected, Disjointed, Fragmented, Uncombined, Unintegrated, Disunited

The integrated approach to problem-solving involved input from various departments in the company.

Symbiosis

 Noun

A mutually beneficial relationship between two different organisms.

(सम्बियोसिस)

Mutualism, Cooperation, Collaboration, Partnership, Interaction, Interdependence, Synergy, Harmony, Reciprocity, Coexistence

Competition, Rivalry, Conflict, Hostility, Detriment, Disharmony, Disconnection, Isolation, Antagonism, Struggle

In the wild, certain birds and crocodiles have a symbiosis where the birds pick food from the crocodile's teeth, benefiting both species.

Impact

 Noun

The effect or influence of one thing on another.

(प्रभाव)

Influence, Effect, Consequence, Result, Impression, Ramification, Outcome, Significance, Repercussion, Force

Irrelevance, Insignificance, Unimportance, Triviality, Negligibility, Immunity, Insulation, Indifference, Imperviousness, Ineffectiveness

The impact of the new policy on the economy was immediately noticeable.

 

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