The Hindu Vocabulary 22 April 2023

2023-04-22

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 22 April 2023 is from the Editorial titled “Veto by silence: on judiciary-executive relations”.

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Deliberate

Adjective

Done on purpose, planned

(जान-बूझ कर किया हुआ; योजनानुसार)

Intentional, Voluntary, Willing, Considered, Calculative, Reasoned, Planned, Thoughtful

Casual, Random, Haphazard, Unadvised, Hasty

His task is deliberated.

Verb

To think about or discuss something fully before making a decision

(निर्णय करने से पहले किसी बात को पूरी तरह सोचना-समझना)

Contemplate, Ponder, Consider, Debate, Analyze, Prepend

Slight, Ignore, Disregard, Dismiss, Reject

Aditi deliberated on her decision for a long time before acting.

Refrain

 

Verb

To stop yourself doing something; to not do something

(कुछ करने से अपने को रोकना; कोई ख़ास काम न करना)

Abstain, Avoid, Forego, Forbear, Constrain, Withhold, Reject

Submit, Yield, Surrender, Bow, Concede

Radha was going to make a joke of him but she refrained herself.

Noun

A part of a song which is repeated, usually at the end of each verse

(गीत में टेक जो प्रायः प्रत्‍येक छंद के अंत में दोहाराई जाती है)

Chorus, Undersong, Theme

 

Ravi sang only on the refrain of the song.

Presumably

Adverb

 

Used to say something is possibly true

(संभवतः)

Apparently, Doubtless, Probably, Seemingly, Supposedly, Surely

Questionably, Unlikely, Uncertain, Improbably, Doubtfully

Ravi can presumably afford buying a new car every year.

Underscore 

 Verb

To emphasize the importance something (ज़ोर देना)

Emphasise, Underline, Reinforce, Underline, Deepen, Enhance, Accentuate, Stress, Bring out

Reduce, Minimize, Lighten, Mitigate, Undermine, Attenuate

You need to underscore the important points of the speech.

Reiterate

Verb

To repeat an opinion, statement, etc. that has already been said to make the meaning clear or to emphasize it.

(बार बार दुहराना)

Repeat, Replicate, Renew, Reprise, Duplicate, Remake, Redo, Recreate, Re-enact, Reduplicate

Broken, Ceasing, Continual, Ending, Inconstant, Infrequent, Intermittent

The thief reiterated that he has not committed the murder.

Effectuate

Verb

Put into force or operation (प्रभावी)

Accomplish, Achieve, Cause, Create, Execute, Generate, Make, Produce

Abandon, Destroy, Fail, Halt, Lose, Miss, Ruin

The schemes can work well if put our focus on bringing effectuate change in behaviour,

Prospective 

Adjective

Likely to be or to happen; possible

(संभावित; संभव)

Eventual, Expected, Proposed, Soon-to-be, About to be, Approaching, Awaited

Previous, Prior, Anterior, Precedent

She met her prospective husband on a very sad day.

Impediment

Noun

Something that makes it difficult for a person or thing to move or progress

(बाधा, रुकावट)

Barrier, Bottleneck, Burden, Defect, Deterrent, Difficulty

Advantage, Assistance, Aid, Blessing, Boon, Permission

Your weak emotional IQ is an impediment to your success.

Embolden

Verb

Give (someone) the courage or confidence to do something (प्रोत्साहित करना)

Encourage, Stimulate, Promote, Spur, Embolden, Push

Discourage, Daunt, Dishearten, Depress, Undermine

 

Her word emboldened me to sit for the exam again.

Primacy

Noun

The fact of being pre-eminent or most important (प्रधानता)

Primacy, Preponderance, Ascendency, Supremacy, Excellence, Transcendence

Insignificance, Inferiority, Obscurity, Mediocrity

Sometimes religious laws took primacy in India over Legal Laws.

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