The Hindu Vocabulary 23 July 2022

2022-07-23

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 23 July 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Welcome relief: On bail to Mohammed Zubair.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Relief

Noun

A means that relieves pain or distress.

(राहत)

Cheer, Comfort, Consolation, Solace, Alleviation, Happiness

Hindrance, Hurt, Injury, Stop

It was a great relief to reach the summit finally.

Sole

Adjective

Being the only one.

Being the only one of the kind.

Belonging exclusively to one usually specified individual.

(एकमात्र/ अकेला/ व्यक्तिगत/ वैयक्तिक)

Exclusive, Lone, One, Particular, One and only, Remaining, Ace

Combined, Common, General, Together, Ordinary, Together, United, Shared

I saw the sole survivor of the tragedy.

Noun

The undersurface of a foot.

The flattened bottom part of something or the base on which something rests.

(तला/ तलवा/ पैर का तलवा/ जूते का तल्ला)

-

-

Her shoe’s sole was damaged.

Verb

To furnish with a sole.

(तला लगाना)

 

 

I went to the showroom to get my shoe soled.

Forum

Noun

A meeting where a subject can be discussed.

A court or tribunal.

(मंच)

Conference, Convention, Gathering, Seminar, Agency, Framework

-

You are invited to speak on poverty on International forum to tackle poverty.

Liberty

Noun

Freedom from arbitrary control.

Freedom from foreign rule.

Freedom from control or restrictions.

Freedom from captivity.

(स्वतंत्रता/ स्वाधीनता/ बेतकल्लुफ़ी)

Autarchy, Authorization, Autonomy, Birthright, Franchise, Immunity, Independence, Decision, Leave, Liberation

Denial, Dependence, Hold, Prohibition, Refusal, Responsibility, Veto, Arrest, Imprisonment, Work

You won’t be able to enjoy such liberty at any other workplace.

Interim

Noun

An intervening time.

A temporary or provisional arrangement.

An intervening time.

(अन्तरिम)

Meantime, Breach, Break, Breather, Hiatus, Downtime, Gap

Continuation, Continuity, Permanence

He has finally got the interim bail in his case.

Adjective

Belonging to a temporary period.

(अन्तरिम का)

Provisional, Stopgap, Acting, Caretaker, Makeshift

Finished, Permanent, Continual, Permanent

The water crisis is an interim.

Allege

Verb

To assert without proof

To assert to be true, especially in a formal manner, as in court

 (महासंघ)

Testify, Affirm, Avouch, Charge, Cite

Deny, Dissent, Protest, Disagree

He alleged his boss of corruption in the hiring process.

Majoritarian

Adjective

Constituting majority.

(बहुमत का गठन।)

-

-

Rahul is a supporter of majoritarian politics.

Noun

A person who believes in majoritarianism.

(एक व्यक्ति जो बहुसंख्यकवाद में विश्वास करता है।)

-

-

The majoritarian were against freedom to show anything on the name of freedom.

Palpable

Adjective

Readily seen.

Capable of being touched or felt.

(स्पष्ट/ स्पर्शनीय)

Apparent, Certain, Conspicuous, Evident, Substantial, Tactile

Ambiguous, Concealed, Dubious, Abstract

There are palpable differences between the two brothers.

Hound

Noun

One of any breeds of dogs used for hunting by sight or scent.

A mean or despicable person.

(शिकारी कुत्ता)

Dog, Afghan, Beagle, Airedale, Dachshund, Mongrel, Basset, Canine

-

I was irritated by the arbitrary calls by sales hound.

Adjective

To harass without respite.

To pursue as if with hounds.

To affect by persistent harassment.

(बिना राहत के परेशान करना।)

Annoy, Bother, Goad, Harass, Heckle, Harry, Hassle, Hunt, Impel, Hector, Persecute, Pester

Aid, Help, Ignore, Soothe, Support, Discourage, Dissuade, Please

She hounded her sister.

Innocuous

Adjective

Not harmful.

Not likely to irritate.

Producing no injury.

Not interesting.

(अहानिकर/ हानि न पहुंचानेवाला)

Anal, Bland, Inoffensive, Innocent, Kind, Insipid

Delicious, Ba, Tasty, Damaging, Yummy

My mother suggested an innocuous remedy for cough.

Vocation

Noun

A particular occupation or profession.

A strong impulse to follow a particular activity.

A divine call to god’s service.

(पेशा/ व्यवसाय/ उद्यम/ वृत्ति)

Art, Business, Calling, Career, Game, Handicraft, Job, Lifework

Amusement, Avocation, Entertainment, Fun, Hobby, Pastime

Pamela was busy in the religious vocation.

Votary

Noun

A person who is bound by solemn religious vows.

An adherent of a religion.

A person who is devoted or addicted to some subject or pursuit.

(तरफ़दार/ समर्थ/ पक्षी/ मठवासिनी)

Addict, Adherent, Admirer, Aficionado, Buff, Devotee, Disciple, Enthusiast, Follower, Fanatic

Critic, Enemy, Detractor, Opponent

Rahul is among votaries of the religious leader.

Quash

Verb

To suppress or extinguish completely.

To make void or null.

(मिटा देना/ दबाना)

Crush, Quell, Repress, Squash, Annul, Invalidate

Compliment, Encourage, Praise, Release, Allow, Approve

The district authority quashed the shops that were not approved.

Consequence

Noun

A conclusion reached through logic.

Something produced as a result of a set of conditions.

The importance concerning the power to produce an effect.

The result of something occurring earlier.

Importance or significance.

(परिणाम/ महत्त्व/ नतीजा/ फल)

Aftereffect, Aftermath, Effect, Fallout, Concern, Magnitude, Need, Value, Cachet, Dignity, Distinction, Eminence

Cause, Origin, Source, Beginning, Triviality, Unimportance, Lowliness

The consequences of your actions will not be good.

Probe

Noun

A crucial investigation.

(तहक़ीक़ात)

Examination, Exploration, Inquest, Research

Answer, Misunderstand

The opposition is demanding a probe against the judge.

Verb

To search and explore thoroughly.

(परख करना)

Dig, Examine, Inquire, Penetrate

Ignore, Reply

The police has probed the very mysterious case and found the culprit.

Transgression

Noun

An act of violating a law.

(उल्लंघन)

Offense, Crime, Sin, Wrong, Breach, Crime, Error, Fault

Obedience, Perfection, Submission, Goodness, Virtue, Behaviour, Kindness, Noncrime

The fisherman was arrested for transgression of maritime laws.

Gag

Noun

Something thrust into the mouth to prevent speech.

An official check on free speech.

(झूठ/ धोखा/ ढकोसला/ मुख बन्धनी)

Hoax, Wisecrack, Quip, Ruse, Trick, Crack, Drollery, Jest

-

The hijackers put gags in the hostages mouth.

Verb

To restrict use of the mouth by inserting something.

To provide pranks for something.

To be unable to endure something.

(झूठ बोलना/ न बोलने देना/ चुप करना/ चुप बनाना)

Choke, Constrain, Muzzle, Suppress, Balk, Cork, Curb, Quiet, Repress, Demur, Disgorge, Gasp, Heave, Nauseate

Free, Let go, Release, Aid, Allow, Assist, Encourage, Help, Idle, Laze, Rest, Soothe

The media should not be gagged.

Impose

Verb

Force (something unwelcome or unfamiliar) to be accepted or put in place.


Take advantage of someone by demanding their attention or commitment.

(थोपना)

Appoint, Charge, Demand, Require, Establish, Foist

Disorder, Overlook, Displace, Forget

My mother imposed severe restrictions on me.

Echelon

Noun

A level of command.

A level of worthiness.

An arrangement of a body of troops with its units each somewhat to the left or right of the one in the rear like a series of steps.

(टोली/ विभाग)

Degree, File, Office, Grade, Line, Place, Position, Queue

Unemployment

The group of birds was flying in echelon.

Judicial

Adjective

About court proceedings.

Ordered by the court.

Sanctioned by a court.

Giving judgment.

Inclined to make judgments.

By a court or a judge.

(अदालती/ न्यायतंत्र/ न्यायालय-संबंधी)

Juridical, Administrative, Authoritative, Constitutional

Illegal

The judge ordered him to go on a judicial custody for one week.

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