Which of the following has been described as the ‘Conscience of the Constitution’?

2019-09-25 | Team PendulumEdu


A. Directive Principles and the Fundamental duties

B. Fundamental Rights and Preamble

C. Directive Principles and the Fundamental Rights

D. Fundamental Duties and the Fundamental Rights


Fundamental rights are the 'keystone' of democracy as they are 'guaranteed' by law and the Directive Principles constitute a significant part of the Constitution. The conscience of constitution is something that gives the overview and extract of the Constitution. Therefore, the Directive Principles and the Fundamental Rights have been described as the ‘Conscience of the Constitution’ by Granville Austin.

There are six fundamental rights in Part III of the Indian Constitution; these are:

1. Right to Equality

2. Right to Freedom

3. Right against Exploitation

4. Right to Freedom of religion

5. Cultural and Educational Rights

6. Right to Constitutional Remedies

Part IV of the Indian Constitution with Articles 36 to 51 deals with the Directive Principles of State Policy. The Directive Principles are not legally enforceable by the courts for their violation as they are non-justiciable in nature. It shall be the duty of the State to apply these principles in making laws.

Hence, (C) is the correct answer.

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