Banking Awareness of 4, 5 and 6 October 2022

By PendulumEdu | Last Modified: 07 Oct 2022 17:48 PM IST
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Topic: World Economy

1. WTO lowered its projection for global trade growth in 2023 to 1%.

  • The World Trade Organization lowered its forecast for growth in global trade volume to 1 % from 3.4 % earlier, citing rising downside risks.
  • Due to several shocks on the global economy, world trade may lose momentum in the second half of 2022 and remain subdued in 2023.
  • However, the WTO increased its forecast for the growth of global merchandise trade for 2022 from its April estimate of 3% to 3.5%.
  • According to the latest WTO forecasts, the world GDP at market exchange rates will grow by 2.8 per cent in 2022 and 2.3 per cent in 2023.
  • India's merchandise exports declined 3.5 % in September for the first time in 19 months.

Topic: Regulatory Bodies/Financial Institutions

2. IBBI has amended the Model Bye Laws regulations on Insolvency Professional Agencies (IPAs).

  • The amendment has been done to allow an insolvency professional entity (IPE) to be enrolled as a professional member with the IPAs.
  • This will facilitate IPE to take up the role of resolution professionals in corporate insolvencies.
  • Only those IPEs that are recognised by IBBI and registered as an insolvency professional can enroll as professional member of IPAs.
  • Only those who are authorised as professional member by an IPA can take up the role of Insolvency Professional in a corporate insolvency.
  • Professional agency is now required to keep details of partners or directors, where the professional member is an insolvency professional entity.
  • Till now, only individuals could be enrolled as professional members of IPAs.
  • About Insolvency Professional Agencies (IPAs):
    • IPAs are not-for-profit entities. They are considered to be regulators of Insolvency Professionals (IPs) in India.
    • The IPAs enroll, educate, monitor, regulate and guide the IPs. They are responsible for developing and regulating the profession of IPs.
    • They carry out quasi-legislative, executive and quasi-judicial functions.
    • Till now, there are three IPAs registered with Insolvency & Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI). They are given below.
      • ICSI Institute of Insolvency Professionals
      • Indian Institute of Insolvency Professionals of ICAI
      • Insolvency Professional Agency of Institute of Cost Accountants of India

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Topic: Agriculture

3. India’s palm oil imports in September increased 21% from a month ago to 1.2 million tonnes.

  • This is the highest level since September last year. Palm oil was much cheaper than other edible oils. So, its buying increased.
  • Soyoil imports in September increased 10% from a month ago. Sunflower oil imports increased 22%.
  • India buys palm oil mainly from Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand.
  • India imports soyoil and sunflower oil from Argentina, Brazil, Russia and Ukraine.

Topic: Reports and Indices

4. Manufacturing PMI declined to 3-month low to 55.1 in September.

  • This is against 56.2 in August. However, it continued to expand for 15th month in row.
  • Index above 50 means expansion. Index below 50 indicates contraction.   
  • The index is formed by S&P Global based on responses to questionnaires sent to purchasing managers in a panel of around 400 manufacturers.
  • Manufacturing contributes around 15% to Gross Value Added (GVA).

Topic: Banking/Financial Schemes

5. Record 30% growth has been seen in the disbursal of small business loans under Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY).

  • This growth has been recorded in the first half of the current financial year ended September against the same period last year.
  • Till September 2022, over Rs 1,37,785 crore has been disbursed under PMMY by banks and other institutions.
  • In the year-ago period, about Rs 1.06 lakh crore were disbursed.
  • The disbursement in the first half of the current fiscal is the highest growth in the last three years.
  • As per data on the performance of PMMY, total disbursals declined to ₹3.11 lakh crore in 2020-21 (from ₹3.29 lakh crore). This was mainly due to the impact of Covid-19.
  • During 2021-22, total disbursals reached ₹3.31 lakh crore. Mudra loans are extended in three categories. They are given below.
    • Shishu (up to ₹50,000)
    • Kishor (above ₹50,000 and up to ₹5 lakh)
    • Tarun (above ₹5 lakh and up to ₹10 lakh)

Topic: Miscellaneous

6. Department of Financial Services will hold special campaign from October 15 to November 26.

  • The campaign will further deepen the financial inclusion framework in the India.
  • The campaign will be initially launched at the Gram Panchayat level in seven districts of India.
  • These districts are Cuttack, Aurangabad, Pune, Kakinada, Kaushambi, Datia and Barpeta.
  • The campaign will focus on achieving saturation in respect of bank accounts and distribution of loans to Farmer Produce Organisations (FPOs), self-help groups (SHGs) for the establishment of cold-chain infrastructure.
  • It will also focus on achieving saturation in respect of pension schemes for eligible individuals.

Topic: Appointments

7. Rajendra Kumar has assumed charge as Director-General, Employees’ State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) on October 4.

  • He is an IAS officer from the Tamil Nadu cadre. He has earlier served as an Additional Secretary in the Ministry of Electronics and IT.
  • Employees’ State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) was founded in 1952.
  • It is a statutory body under the Ministry of Labour and Employment.
  • It was set up under the ESI Act 1948 for the implementation of the ESI scheme.

Topic: Agriculture

8. India has become the largest producer of sugar in world.

  • India has also become the second largest exporter of sugar.
  • In Sugar Season 2021-22, over 5 thousand lakh metric tons of sugarcane was produced in India.
  • In this season, record highest sugar exports of more than 109 lakh metric tons have been registered.
  • These exports earned foreign currency of about 40 thousand crore rupees.

Topic: Appointments

9. Sunil Barthwal has taken charge as Secretary, Department of Commerce on 30 September 2022.

  • Prior to this, he was serving as Secretary, Ministry of Labour & Employment.
  • He is an Indian Administrative Service (IAS) Officer of Bihar Cadre.
  • He is a post graduate in Economics. He has also worked in the Competition Commission of India.
  • He was the CEO of Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation.

Topic: Appointments

10. Lalit Bhasin has been appointed as national president of Indo-American Chamber of Commerce (IACC).

  • He was earlier executive vice president of the chamber. He is the 54th National President of IACC.
  • IACC was set up in October 1968. It is headquartered in Mumbai.
  • Its membership include large, medium and small business entities.
  • Sandeep Kumar Gupta took charge as chairman and managing director of GAIL (India) Limited.
  • Appointments Committee of the Cabinet has approved appointment of Ajay Bhadoo as Deputy Election Commissioner of India.

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