Banking Awareness of 7 and 8 July 2023

By Priyanka Chaudhary | Last Modified: 08 Jul 2023 17:35 PM IST
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Topic: RBI

1. RBI panel recommends measures to internationalise rupee.

  • It recommended facilitating a Local Currency Settlement (LCS) framework for bilateral transactions in local currencies.
  • It also recommended encouraging opening of INR accounts for non-residents, both within and outside India.
  • Inter-departmental group (IDG) of the Reserve Bank of India was chaired by RBI Executive Director Radha Shyam Ratho.
  • It also recommended recalibrating the Foreign Portfolio Investment (FPI) regime.
  • It recommended the exporters should be provided equitable incentives for INR trade settlement.
  • IDG recommended allowing banking services in INR outside India through foreign branches of Indian banks.
  • Over the short-term, IDG recommended nine measures.
  • IDG recommended facilitating the launch of BIS Investment Pools (BISIP) in INR.
  • It recommended inclusion of government securities in global bond indices.
  • Over the medium-term horizon, IDG’s recommendations include a review of taxes on masala bonds and other measures.

Topic: Banking System

2. Punjab National Bank has launched virtual branch in the Metaverse, PNB Metaverse.

  • In the branch, PNB’s customers will get access to its virtual environment from their home or office through their mobile phones and laptops.
  • The bank will provide an immersive 3D experience to the customers while carrying out banking activities through their digital avatars.
  • The virtual branch will deliver a unique banking experience to existing and new customers.
  • Customers can explore bank’s products and services and government flagship schemes.
  • Metaverse is defined as a virtual world in which people can create their virtual avatars, interact, attend events and explore.

Topic: RBI

3. RBI has appointed P Vasudevan as Executive Director (ED).

  • He has been appointed with effect from July 3, 2023.
  • He was the Chief General Manager-in-charge of the Department of Payment and Settlement Systems.
  • He will look after Department of Currency Management, Corporate Strategy and Budget Department (Areas other than that of Budget & Funds) and Enforcement Department.
  • After his appointment, RBI now has 16 Executive Directors.

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Topic: Committees/Commissions/Taskforces

4. A five-member working group has been constituted by the Indian Banks’ Association (IBA).

  • The group has been constituted for implementing the recommendations of the Reserve Bank of India’s committee on the “working of the Asset Reconstruction Companies (ARCs)”.
  • The Group comprises Ajit Kumar, MD, and CEO, of the Secondary Loan Market Association (SLMA), and Hari Hara Mishra, CEO, of the Association of ARCs in India.
  • Other members are Mythili Balasubramanian, Executive Director, Edelweiss ARC, and senior officials from the State Bank of India (Dharmendra Pali) and ICICI Bank (Anupama Ranade).
  • The group has been formed on the orders of RBI.
  • The central bank desires that the IBA and SLMA, in consultation with the lenders and ARCs, take appropriate measures for early implementation of the recommendations of the committee.
  • Committee’s recommendations aimed at enabling ARCs to fulfil the increasing financial sector demand.
  • The working group will undertake a thorough review of the assignment agreements and trust deed templates.
  • This review will focus on the acquisition of stressed assets from lenders by ARCs and will include necessary updates in line with evolving changes and expectations within the ARC sector.
  • On April 28, 2021, under the chairmanship of Sudarshan Sen, former ED, RBI, RBI had set up a committee to undertake a comprehensive review of the working of ARCs.
  • On November 2, 2021, the report of the committee was released.
  • The ARC framework is designed to allow originators to focus on their core function of lending by removing stressed financial assets.
  • According to the committee, ARCs act as primary agents for recovery on the acquisition of such financial assets.

Topic: Reports and Indices

5. FDI in developing countries stood at $662 billion: World Investment Report 2023.

  • The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) released its World Investment Report 2023.
  • During 2022, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in developing countries remained at $662 billion.
  • Among developing countries, 80% of FDI inflows of the region went to China, Singapore, India and UAE.
  • In 2022, FDI inflows to India rose by 10% ($49 billion) while China registered a 5% yearly growth.
  • Developing countries including India attracted FDI worth $544 billion in clean energy in 2022.
  • FDI to Singapore and UAE grew by 8% and 10%, respectively.
  • FDI inflows to ASEAN member countries grown by 41% to $222 billion.
  • FDI in the Gulf region has declined and inflows to smaller developing countries remain stagnant.
  • Overall global FDI has declined by 12% to $1.3 trillion in 2022. The decline in global FDI is due to the lower volumes of financial flows and transactions in developed countries.
  • According to the World Investment Report 2023, developing countries are facing a growing annual investment deficit to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030.
  • The gap in investment deficit has now increased to $4 trillion per year.
Monthly Banking/ Financial Awareness Books
June Financial Awareness 2023 May Financial Awareness 2023
April Financial Awareness 2023 March Financial Awareness 2023

Topic: Reports and Indices

6. According to a study by People Research on India’s Consumer Economy (PRICE), 10 Indian states account for over 80% of the rich households.

  • The study is titled “The Rise of the Middle Class: A Force to Reckon With”.
  • Maharashtra accounts for a majority of rich households (2.62 million). Maharashtra is followed by Tamil Nadu with 0.9 million.
  • The study says nearly 4% of India’s households are rich.  This is 10.67 million households in 2020-21.
  • It says that the proportion of aspirers and destitute are reducing in the country.
  • The study categorises a household with an annual income of over ₹30 lakh as rich.
  • A middle-class household has income between ₹5 lakh and ₹30 lakh. The destitute has income of less than ₹1.25 lakh a year.
  • According to the study, the growth in the number of rich households between 2015-16 and 2020-21 has been 10.1%.
  • According to the study, most high-income states are in South and Central India.
  • People Research on India’s Consumer Economy (PRICE) is a Mumbai- based think-tank.

Topic: Banking System

7. Karnataka Bank has opened a Technology and Digital Hub in Bengaluru.

  • Pradeep Kumar, Chairman of Karnataka Bank, inaugurated the hub.
  • It consolidated all its technology and digital operations under one roof.
  • Karnataka Bank is celebrating its centenary year in 2023-24.
  • Karnataka Bank is a Scheduled Commercial Bank based in Mangaluru, Karnataka.
  • It is a private sector bank. It was founded in February 1924. Srikrishnan Hari Hara Sarma is its MD and CEO.

Topic: Corporates/Companies

8. Meta launched Instagram Threads, a text-based messaging app.

  • Threads looks very similar to Twitter. People can use their Instagram usernames on Threads.
  • Meta’s CEO, Mark Zuckerberg, announced the launch of Threads on 05 July 2023.
  • Threads is a text-based social messaging app. In this, users are able to post short messages.
  • Others can share, like and comment upon the messages.
  • The Threads is available for free on Apple App Store and Google Play online store in more than 100 countries.
  • People can publish 500 characters long Threads posts. They can also share links, photos and videos that can be 5 minutes long.
  • Threads will use decentralized technology, called ActivityPub.
  • BlueSky, a rival social messaging app is built on the decentralized networking technology called the AT Protocol.
  • Meta (formerly Facebook) is an American multinational technology conglomerate. It is based in Menlo Park, California.
  • Instagram was released in 2010. It is owned by Meta. It is a photo and video-sharing social networking service.

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