Types of Mango Variety in different Indian States

2022-06-16 | Abhilash Singh

Mango Varieties in India

Mango in India is known as the ‘king of fruits’ and referred to as Kalpavriksha (wish-granting tree) in ancient scriptures. Its scientific name is Mangifera indica. Mango is the national fruit of India.

The mango tree is the national tree of Bangladesh.

A single mango can provide up to 40% of the daily dietary fibre. It consists of potassium, beta-carotene and antioxidants.

In India, mangoes are mainly grown in tropical and subtropical regions at an altitude of 1500 m above sea level. The optimum temperature for growing mangoes is around 27 degrees Celsius.

As per IHS Markit data 2020, India is the world’s largest producer of mango. Most of the mangoes produced in India are consumed domestically.

Major mango-growing states in India are Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. Uttar Pradesh ranks first in mango production with a share of 23.47%.

Leading export varieties of mango from India are Alphonso, Kesar, Totapuri and Banganpalli. Mango exports take place in three forms: fresh mango, mango pulp, and mango slice.

Mangoes are exported to various countries like UAE, Bahrain, UK, Qatar, Oman, Kuwait, European Union, USA, Japan and South Korea.

There are about 1000 varieties of mangoes found in India. The Northern/Eastern Indian varieties are usually late bearing compared to Southern and Western Indian varieties.

List of Varieties of Mangoes in different states of India

Indian States

Mango Varieties

Variety of Mango in Andhra Pradesh

Safeda or Banganpali, Neelam, Suvarnarekha, Totapuri

Variety of Mango in Bihar

Jardalu (GI tagged), Fazli, Langra, Gulab Khaas, Bombay Green, Chausa, Dusseri, Kishanbhog, Himsagar

Variety of Mango in Goa


Variety of Mango in Gujarat

Kesar, Paheri/Pairi, Vanraj

Variety of Mango in Haryana

Chausa, Dusseri, Langra and Fazli

Variety of Mango in Himachal Pradesh

Chausa, Dusseri, Langra

Variety of Mango in Jharkhand

Kamli, Biju, Gulab Khaas

Variety of Mango in Odisha

Benganpalli and Himsagar

Variety of Mango in Madhya Pradesh

Alphonso, Bombay Green, Dusseri, Fazli, Langra and Neelam

Variety of Mango in Maharashtra

Alphonso, Kesar, Pairi, Jamadar, Totapuri, Neelam, Dusseri and Langra

Mango varieties in Karnataka

Badami, Totapuri, Raspuri, Alphonso, Banganapali, Neelam, Mulgoa

Mango varieties in Kerala


Mango varieties in Punjab

Chausa, Dusseri, Malda

Mango varieties in Rajasthan

Bombay Green, Chausa, Dusseri Langra

Mango varieties in Tamil Nadu

Malgoba, Rumani, Alphonso, Totapuri, Banganapali, Neelam

Mango varieties in Uttar Pradesh

Dusseri, Chausa, Langra, Bombay Green

Mango varieties in West Bengal

Bhavani, Daud Bhog, Amrapali, Golapkhas, Chausa, Rogni, Dilshad, Chatterjee, Bimli, Ratan Kewra, Mallika, Ananras, Sahebpas and, Kishen Bhog, Lakshman Bhog, Madhu Latika, Rasagolla, Dwarika, Raja Bhog, Amrit Bhog, Arajanma, Nilanjana, Rani Pasand, Rakhal Bhog, Desi Sundari, Langra, Himsagar and Khirsapati, Fazli, Gulab Khaas

Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) is organizing an 8-day mango festival in Bahrain to boost the export of mangoes. 34 varieties of mango are being displayed.

Abhilash Singh

Joined On : 08-Aug-19

Abhilash is an academician with keen interests in the fields of Mechanical Engineering, Mathematics and Astronomy. He writes to help readers lucidly understand the topic. Being active in the domain of competitive exams, he helps students by providing the latest and relevant update and knowledge of the subjects. He is a postgraduate of Mechanical Engineering from Arizona State University, USA.



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