The Hindu Vocabulary 16 July 2022

2022-07-16

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 16 July 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Fleeing, quitting: On the decline and fall of Gotabaya Rajapaksa’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Decline

Noun

A gradual and continuous loss of strength, numbers, quality, or value.

(पतन)

Deterioration, Downturn, Drop, Failure, Fall, Slump, Weakening

Increase, Ascent, Success, Rise, Achievement, Growth, Improvement

The decline of the Mauryan empire led to the rise of foreign powers in India.

Verb

Decrease

(अन्त होना)

Depreciate, Deteriorate, Diminish, Drop, Weaken, Worsen, Fail

Improve, Increase, Raise, Develop, Reach, Rise, Build

The value of the rupee declined against the dollar.

Heed

Verb

Pay attention to

(ध्यान देना)

Hear, Listen, Observe, Obey, Note, See, Attend

Ignore, Disregard, Misunderstand, Neglect, Overlook

People were assuming that the new leader will heed their aspirations.

Beleaguered

Adjective

In a very tough situation.

Surrounded by military forces or overburdened by troubles.

(परेशान)

Abandoned, Blockaded, Close, Deserted, Hidden, Cloistered, Lonely, Quiet, Remote, Uninhabited

Extroverted, Open, Seen, Friendly, Inhabited, Sociable, Outgoing, Populated

The beleaguered officer asked his team to return to the base.

Presumably

Adverb

used to convey that something is claimed to be the case or has taken place, although there is no proof.

(कथित तौर पर)

Supposedly, Reputedly, Purportedly, Ostensibly, Allegedly

Surely, Really, Truly, Definitely

He will presumably be back from the USA within a month.  

Evidently

Adverb

Plainly or obviously; in a way that is clearly seen or understood.

(बेशक)

Doubtless, Manifestly, Obviously, Ostensibly, Undoubtedly, Plainly

Improbably, Mistakably, Vaguely, Unlikely, Obscurely

Evidently, he has no plan to surrender to the police.

Hedging

Noun

A means of protection or defense (as against financial loss)

(वित्तीय हानि के विरुद्ध सुरक्षा या रक्षा का एक साधन)

Barricade, Barrier, Fence, Wall

-

This new instrument will act as a hedging mechanism for schools.

Prosecution

Noun

The act of prosecuting.

The party by which criminal proceedings are conducted.

The following up of something begun, to its completion.

(अभियोग पक्ष/ अभियोजन/ अभियोग)

Pursuit, Accomplishment, Execution, Achievement, Pursuance, Performance, Implementation, Perpetration, Commission

Defeat, Failure, Neglect, Nonfulfillment, Non-performance

The prosecution asked for more time to present evidence related to the case.

Haven

Noun

A place of safety or refuge.

(आश्रय)

Retreat, Shelter, Asylum, Harbour

Homeless, Vagrant, Destitute, Beggars

Nina considers her grandmother’s house a haven.

Wrath

Noun

Extreme anger.

(क्रोध)

Anger, Rage, Annoyance, Fear, Outrage, Pique

Pleasure, Glee, Rapture, Joy, Delight

Amidst the widespread wrath in the country, the leader fled to another state.

Discharge

Verb

To relieve of a charge, load, or burden

To release from service or duty

To release electrical energy by a discharge

(सेवा या कर्तव्य से मुक्त करने के लिए)

Clearance, Pardon, Parole, Acquittal, Exoneration, Probation

Assignment, Hold, Imprisonment, Delegation, Employment

In the absence of the President, Vice President will discharge the duties of the President.

The battery of my car got discharged in the middle of the highway.

Incumbent

Adjective

Necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility.

(निर्भर)

Binding, obligatory, Compulsory, Necessary, Required

Optional, Voluntary, Discretionary, Elective, Free, Open

The incumbent minister resigned due to health reasons.

Convene

Verb

To come together for a meeting

(आयोजित करना) 

Assemble, Gather, Open, Gamble, Summon

Disperse, Divide, Separate, Cancel

India will convene the G20 summit in 2023.

Uprising

Verb

To rise up.

To rise in revolt.

To move upward.

To come into existence.

To rise up in sound.

(बगावत करना/ ऊँचा उठना/ विद्रोह में उठना/ ऊपर की ओर बढ़ना/ अस्तित्व में आना/ आवाज में उठना)

Arise, Ascend, Awake, Awaken, Climb, Rise, Scale, Stand, Increase

Deaden, Decline, Decrease, Lay, Lie, Descend

The people uprosed against the oppressive policies of the government.

 

Noun

An act of rising up.

An upward slope.

(ऊपर उठने की क्रिया/ एक ऊपर की ओर ढलान)

Acclivity, Ascent, Hill, Rise, Upgrade, Uphill

Declension, Decline, Declivity, Descent, Dip, Downgrade, downhill, Fall, Hang

It became difficult for the local police to handle the mass uprising.

Abate

Verb

Become less intense or widespread

(समाप्त करना)

Decrease, Diminish, Dull, Ebb, Slacken, Subside

Advance, Develop, Enlarge, Expand, Extend

The protest abated after the President resigned from his post.

Discredited

Adjective

Brought into disrepute; having lost respect or credibility.

(बदनाम)

Repudiated, Disgraced, Thrown out

-

Everyone at the church talked about the discredited businessman.

Anticipation

Noun

The action of anticipating something; expectation or prediction.

(प्रत्याशा)

Apprehension, Hope, Joy, Prospect, Contemplation, Foretaste, Foresight

Ignorance, Amazement, Astonishment, Doubt, Fear, Surprise

The anticipation of his coming back from Korea came true.  

Intensification

Noun

The action of making or becoming more intense.

(उत्कटता)

Aggravation, Addition, Augmentation, Elaboration, Boost, Development

Abridgment, Compression, Reduction, Shrinkage, Reduction, Decrease

The intensification of his illness made me sad.  

Confrontation

Noun


A hostile or argumentative meeting or situation between opposing parties.

(आमना-सामना)

Battle, Contest, Crisis, Dispute, Encounter, Fight, Meeting, Strife

Agreement, Calm, Peace

Everyone at the office heard my confrontation with the manager.

Unprecedented

Adjective

Never done or known before.

(अपूर्व)

Unparalleled, Unequalled, Unmatched, Unrivalled

Normal, Common, Ordinary, Usual

The unprecedented flash flood at the pilgrimage site created chaos among the visitors.

Fury

Noun

Unrestrained or violent anger, rage, passion

(रोष)

Acrimony, Ferocity, Indignation, Madness

Calmness, Happiness, Lethargy

Seeing the fury of the storm, the authorities issued a red alert in the region.

Devastation

Noun

Great destruction or damage.

(तबाही)

Confusion, Desolation, Havoc, Ruin, Demolition, Loss, Plunder

Construction, Building, Creation

The Rohingyas fled to other countries after military devastation in Myanmar.

Apt

Adjective

Suitable

(उपयुक्त)

Appropriate, Correct, Fitting, Happy, Relevant

Improper, Inappropriate, Incorrect, Irrelevant, Unsuitable

You should use apt words to make your article attractive.

Avaricious

Adjective

Having or showing extreme greed for wealth or material gain.

(लालची)

Grasping, Acquisitive, Covetous, Greedy, Rapacious, Mercenary

Generous, Liberal, Giving, Munificent, Unselfish, Unsparing, Plenteous

The avaricious businessman did not give a bonus to his employees.

Apathetic

Adjective

Showing or feeling no interest, enthusiasm, or concern.

(उदासीन)

Uncaring, Callous, Indifferent, Passive, Stoic, Uninterested, Cold

Caring, Compassionate, Concerned, Feeling, Interested, Responsive

There are some apathetic voters that avoid taking part in the election process.

Authoritarian

Adjective

Of or relating to a governmental system.

(सत्तावादी)

Autocratic, Dictatorial, Imperious, Strict

Democratic, Flexible, Lenient, Yielding

People protested against the authoritarian leader.

Ilk

Noun

A type of people or things similar to those already referred to

(जैसे लोग)

Brand, Class, Denomination, Gender, Kin, Order, Race

-

Tribes of this ilk prefer to remain secluded from the urban areas.

Jockeying

Verb

struggle by every available means to gain or achieve something.

Maneuver

(लामबंदी/ पैंतरेबाज़ी)

Compete, Contend, Fight, Tussle, Direct, Guide, Handle, Move, Navigate, Pilot, Negotiate

Misguide Mismanage, Neglect, Mislead, Remain

The senior students were jockeying for becoming the head boy and head girl.

Overwhelming

Adjective

Very great in amount

(ज़बर्दस्त)

Amazing, Astounding, Crushing, Devastating, Staggering, Stunning, Vast

-

The Indian team had an overwhelming victory over South Korea’s hockey team.

Regime

Noun

A system of government.

A government in power.

(प्रशासन)

Administration, Establishment, Government, Management

-

The change of regime does not ensure that the new government will address people’s grievances.

Usher

Verb

To cause to enter

(किसी नई चीज की शुरुआत का कारण या निशान)

Mark the start of, Ring in, Show in, Pave the way for, Announce

Close, End, Finish, Stop

A new order ushered in the country with a new party coming into power.

Reform

Verb

Make changes in (something, typically a social, political, or economic institution or practice) in order to improve it.

(सुधार करना)

Amend, Improve, Rebuild, Rehabilitate, Remake, Renovate

Break, Damage, Destroy, Ruin, Harm, Hurt

He promised to reform and never hurt anyone.

Noun

The action or process of reforming an institution or practice.

(सुधार)

Improvement, Betterment, Amelioration, Refinement, Change

-

Raja Ram Mohan Roy succeeded in bringing reform to society to some extent.

Legitimate

Adjective

According to law.

(वैध)

Appropriate, Certain, Consistent, Fair, Genuine, Justifiable, Normal, Proper

Abnormal, Affected, Counterfeit, Deceptive, Illegal, Lawless, Wrongful, Unlawful

He could not present legitimate documents to prove his authority to the office.

Refrain

Verb

Stop oneself from doing something.

(बचना)

Abstain, Desist, Holdback, Forbear, Forgo

Receive, Accept, Welcome, Take, Get

He refrained from answering the probe officer’s questions.

Status Quo

Noun

Current situation

(यथास्थिति)

State of affairs, Status, No Change

-

The Supreme Court asked to maintain the status quo on the project clearance.

Misdeed

Noun

A wicked or illegal act.

(कुकर्म)

Wrongdoing, Evil deed, Crime, Felony, Sin, Offence

Behavior, Manners, Obedience

Do not cover up for the misdeeds done by your friend.

 

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