List of Important Days in February 2022


General Awareness section is one of the important section in any competitive exam. The static part of General Knowledge weighs more than 50% of the General Awareness section. Therefore, one has to focus on its various sub-topics and Important Days is one such sub-topic. Have a look at the detailed list of Important Days in February.

 

1. Indian Coast Guard Raising Day 2022: 1 February

  • Indian Coast Guard Raising Day is on 01 February and 46th Indian Coast Guard Raising Day will be celebrated on 01 February 2022.
  • Indian Coast Guard is the world’s fourth-largest Coast Guard. Its motto is Vayam Rakshamah (We Protect).
  • A committee under the chairmanship of KF Rustamji recommended establishing a Coast Guard type organization in its report of 1975. The committee was set up in 1974.
  • Indian Coast Guard was established on 01 February 1977. Fourth Prime Minister Morarji Desai formally inaugurated the Indian Coast Guard on 19 August 1978.
  • Its headquarters are in New Delhi. It has five regional headquarters at Mumbai, Chennai, Gandhi Nagar, Kolkata and Port Blair.
  • It functions under the Ministry of Defence. Virender Singh Pathania is the current Director-General of the Indian Coast Guard.

2. World Wetlands Day 2022: 2 February

  • It is celebrated every year on 2 February to raise awareness about the importance of wetlands for humans and the earth.
  • It is observed to mark the date of adopting the Convention on Wetlands on 2 February 1971 in Ramsar, Iran.
  • Theme for World Wetlands Day 2022: 'Wetlands Action for People and Nature'
  • The theme for World Wetlands Day 2021 is ‘Wetlands and Water’.
  • Theme for World Wetlands Day 2020: 'Wetlands and Biodiversity'
  • Theme for World Wetlands Day 2019: 'Wetlands and Climate Change'
  • 2 February 2022 is the first year that World Wetlands Day will be observed as a United Nations international day, after its adoption by the UNGA on 30 August 2021 in a resolution co-sponsored by 75 member states.
  • The Ramsar Convention was adopted in 1971 and came into force in 1975. It provides a framework for the conservation of all wetlands across the world.
  • At present, 47 wetlands of India are under the Ramsar list.
  • Wetland is an area of land that is either covered with water or saturated with water. It includes mangroves, deltas, floodplains, rice-fields, coral reefs, etc.

3. International Day of Human Fraternity: 4 February

  • International Day of Human Fraternity is celebrated every year on 4 February.
  • The resolution to declare 04 February as International Day of Human Fraternity was adopted by UN General Assembly in December 2020.
  • 1st International Day of Human Fraternity was celebrated on 04 February 2021.
  • The day is a reminder of the meeting between Pope Francis and Grand Imam of Al-Azhar, Ahmad al-Tayeb on 4 February 2019.
  • The meeting resulted in the signing of the “Document on Human Fraternity for World Peace & living Together”.

4. World Cancer Day 2022: 4 February

  • World Cancer Day is celebrated every year on 4 February to raise awareness about Cancer- its detection, prevention and treatment.
  • It is celebrated to mark the anniversary of the signing of the ‘Charter of Paris Against Cancer’.
  • It was started at the first ‘World Summit Against Cancer’ held in Paris in 2000.
  • It is organised by the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC).
  • Theme for World Cancer Day 2022: 'Close the Care Gap'
  • The theme of this 2021 World Cancer Day is “I Am and I Will”.
  • Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally. In the world, 17 people die every minute from Cancer.
  • According to experts, cancer deaths might rise to 13 million by 2030 if no action is taken. 
  • Chemotherapy is used in the treatment of Cancer.

5. Safer Internet Day 2022: 8 February

  • Every year on February 8, the world commemorates Safer Internet Day.
  • This year was celebrated as the 19th edition of Safer Internet Day with the theme "Together for a Better Internet."
  • The day is organised by the Insafe/INHOPE network of European Safer Internet Centres (SICs) in collaboration with the European Commission.
  • Safer Internet Day was started in 2004 as an initiative of the EU SafeBorders project.
 

6. World Pulses Day 2022: 10 February

  • World Pulses Day is observed every year on 10 February to raise awareness about the nutritional values of Pulses.
  • Theme for World Pulses Day 2022: "Nutritious Seeds for a Sustainable Future"
  • The theme for 2021 World Pulses Day is “Love Pulses- for a healthy diet and planet.”
  • The UN General assembly had adopted 10 February as World Pulses Day in 2019. Burkina Faso had proposed this day in General Assembly.
  • UN General Assembly had announced 2016 as the International Year of Pulses.
  • World Pulses Day is part of the Sustainable Development Goal 2 “Zero Hunger.”
  • Pulses:
    • It is a rich source of protein and plays a vital role in a healthy diet.
    • Pulse crops have a lower carbon footprint than most foods.
    • These are inexpensive, easy to store, and highly nutritious.
    • India is the largest producer of pulses, followed by Canada.
    • Madhya Pradesh is the largest producer of Pulses in India.
    • Some prominent types of pulses are- Chickpeas, Black Gram, lentils, etc.

7. International Day of Women and Girls in Science 2022: 11 February

  • International Day of Women and Girls in Science is observed every year on 11 February to highlight the role of women in the field of science and technology.
  • Theme for International Day of Women and Girls in Science 2022: "Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion: Water Unites Us"
  • The theme of International Day of Women and Girls in Science 2021 is “Women Scientists at the forefront of the fight against COVID-19”.
  • The United Nations General Assembly had decided to celebrate 11 February as the International Day of Women and Girls in Science in 2015.
  • It is celebrated to raise awareness about the role of women in achieving development goals.
  • Sustainable Development Goal 5: Its objective is to achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.
  • Facts about Women role in science and technology:
    • Only 33 percent of researchers around the world are women.
    • Around 30 percent of female students have selected STEM-related fields in higher education between 2014-2016.
    • Enrollment of female students is very low in mathematics and statistics, engineering, ICT fields.
    • Only 12 percent of women are in a STEM job.
    • While 70% of health and social care workers are women, they are paid 11% less than their male counterparts.

8. World Unani Day 2022: 11 February

  • World Unani Day is celebrated every year on 11 February to commemorate the birth anniversary of Hakim Ajmal Khan.
  • It is observed around the world to raise awareness about healthcare delivery through the Unani system of medicine.
  • It was first celebrated at Central Research Institute of Unani Medicine (CRIUM), Hyderabad, in 2017.
  • Theme for World Unani Day 2022: Diet and Nutrition in Unani medicine for good health & well-being
  • Unani system of medicine:
    • It originated in Greece. It is based on the teachings of Greek physician Hippocrates and Roman physician Galen.
    • It is a traditional medical system that offers treatment of all diseases related to all the body’s systems and organs.
    • It uses herbal medicines and specific exercises for the treatment of disease.
  • Hakim Ajmal Khan:
    • He was a renowned Unani physician, scholar, and a noted social reformer.
    • World Unani Day is celebrated to mark his contribution to the field of Unani medicine.

9. National Productivity Day 2022: 12 February

  • 12th February is celebrated every year as Productivity Day and National Productivity Week is celebrated every year from 12th February to 18th February.
  • National Productivity Council is organizing seminars on different topics during National Productivity Week this year.
  • "Self Reliance through Productivity" is the theme for Productivity Week 2022. 
  • ‘Udyog manthan for productivity’ is the theme for the year 2021.
  • Productivity Day marks the formation of National Productivity Council.
  • National Productivity Council:
    • It comes under the administrative control of the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade, Ministry of Commerce & Industry.
    • It was formed on 12th February 1958. Minister of Commerce and Industry is its President.
    • It is an autonomous, tripartite (having three parties), non-profit organization.

10. World Radio Day 2022: 13 February

  • World Radio Day is celebrated across the world every year on 13 February.
  • It is celebrated to raise awareness among the people regarding the importance of radio for getting the information.
  • Theme for World Radio Day 2022 is "Radio and Trust".
  • The theme of  2021 World Radio Day was “New World, New Radio”, and it was divided into three sub-themes: evolution, innovation and connection.
  • Theme for World Radio Day 2020: "Radio and Diversity"
  • In 2022, it is the 11th edition of World Radio Day.
  • In its 67th session in 2012, UNGA had formally adopted the resolution to celebrate 13 February as World Radio Day.
  • In India, the first program was aired by the Radio Club of Bombay in 1923. All India Radio (AIR) was established in 1936.
  • Radio:
    • Guglielmo Marconi is the inventor of the radio.
    • It uses radio waves for communication. Radio waves are electromagnetic waves of frequency between 30 hertz (Hz) and 300 gigahertz (GHz).

11. National Women’s Day 2022 (Birth anniversary of Sarojini Naidu): 13 February

  • Every year 13 February is celebrated as the National Women’s Day in India. The day is celebrated to mark the birth anniversary of Sarojini Naidu.
  • International Women’s Day is celebrated every year on 8 March.
  • Sarojini Naidu:
    • She was born on 13 February 1879 in Hyderabad.
    • She is known as the nightingale of India.
    • She was the first woman governor of India. She became governor of the United Provinces (now Uttar Pradesh) in 1947.
    • She was the first Indian woman President of the Indian National Congress. She presided over the 1925 Kanpur session of INC.
    • She was a follower of Mahatma Gandhi.
    • Some of her notable works:
      • The Broken Wing: Songs of Love, Death and the Spring
      • The Gift of India
      • Muhammad Jinnah: An Ambassador of Unity
      • The Sceptred Flute: Songs of India
      • Allahabad: Kitabistan
      • The Indian Weavers

12. International Mother Language Day 2022: 21 February

  • International Mother Language Day is celebrated every year on 21 February, and in the year 2022, it will be celebrated with the theme "Using technology for multilingual learning: Challenges and opportunities".
  • Theme of 2021 International Mother Language Day: “Fostering multilingualism for inclusion in education and society”.
  • UNESCO had declared 21 February as International Mother Language Day in 1999. The decade 2022-2032 will be observed as the United Nations International Decade of Indigenous Languages.
  • Year 2008 was declared as the International year of languages by the UN General assembly. 
  • In India, the Ministry of Education celebrates 21 February as Matribhasha Diwas (Mother Language Day) since 2015. 

13. World Thinking Day 2022: 22 February

  • World Thinking Day is a special day celebrated annually on 22 February.
  • “Peacebuilding” was the theme for World Thinking Day 2021.
  • As per the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts, World Thinking Day is a day of international friendship and a fundraising opportunity for girl guides and girl scouts in 150 countries.
  • Girl Guides and Girl Scouts, as well as Scout and Guide organizations all over the world, celebrate it.
  • 22 February was selected because it is the birthday of two famous personalities mentioned below.
    • Robert Baden Powell (R. B. Powell): He is the founder of Boy Scout movement. He was the first Chief Scout.
    • Olave Baden Powell: She was the wife of R. B. Powell and first Chief Guide for Britain.
  • World Thinking Day is celebrated since 1926. It was earlier known as Thinking Day.
  • World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts every year selects a theme for World Thinking Day. It was founded in 1928. It is headquartered in London.

14. Central Excise day 2022: 24 February

  • Central Excise Day is observed every year on 24 February to commemorate the implementation of the Central Excise and Salt Act on 24 February 1944.
  • Apart from this, this day is also celebrated to honour the hard work done by the employees of the excise department. It encourages the employees of the excise department to perform their duties.
  • Central Board of Indirect Taxes & Customs celebrates this day in India.
  • Central Board of Indirect Taxes & Customs (CBIC):
    • It was established on 26 January 1944. It is headquartered in New Delhi. It is headed by Vivek Johri.
    • It is a part of the Department of Revenue under the Ministry of Finance.
    • It formulates and implements policies for Central GST, Central Excise Duty and Custom/Import Duty.

15. World NGO Day 2022: 27 February

  • World NGO Day is celebrated annually on 27 February across the world.
  • It is celebrated to highlight the contribution of NGOs and social workers in making the world a better place.
  • It is also celebrated to encourage and inspire people involves in Social work. It creates awareness about the role of NGOs among the public and private sectors.
  • Marcis Liors Skadmanis started this day then it was officially adopted in the X Baltic Sea NGO Forum in 2012.
  • It was adopted by the UN, EU leaders and international organizations in 2014.
  • Non-governmental organization (NGO): A non-governmental organization (NGO) is a non-profit group that functions independently. It plays a vital role in international development, improving communities, and philanthropy work.

16. National Science Day 2022: 28 February

  • National Science Day is celebrated annually on 28 February.
  • ‘Future of STI: Impacts on Education, Skills, and Work’ is the theme for National Science Day 2021.
  • National Science Day is celebrated to remember the announcement of the discovery of Raman Effect by Sir C.V. Raman on 28 February 1928.
  • Indian physicist Sir C.V. Raman won Nobel Prize in Physics 90 years ago in 1930 for the discovery of the Raman Effect.
  • 28th February was designated as National Science Day by Government of India in 1986. Rajiv Gandhi was Prime Minister of India at that time.
  • National Council for Science & Technology Communication is the nodal agency for celebration of National Science Day all over India.  It is a division of the Department of Science and Technology (DST).
  • National Awards for Science Popularization are given every year on National Science Day. They were started by DST in February 1987.
  • The theme for National Science Day 2020 was ‘Women in Science’.
  • National Technology Day is celebrated on 11 May.
  • When light passes through a transparent material, the wavelength and amplitude of some deflected light change; this is called Raman scattering and is a consequence of the Raman Effect. Sir C.V. Raman worked on inelastic scattering of light by molecules.

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