List of Important Days in February
- Indian Coast Guard Raising Day: 1 February
- World Wetland Day 2021: 2 February
- World Cancer Day: 4 February
- World Pulses Day 2021: 10 February
- International Day of Women and Girls in Science: 11 February
- World Unani Day: 11 February
- National Productivity Day: 12 February
- World Radio Day: 13 February
- National Women’s Day (Birth anniversary of Sarojini Naidu): 13 February
- International Mother Language Day: 21 February
- World Thinking Day is annually celebrated on 22 February
- Central Excise day: 24 February
General Awareness section is one of the important section in any competitive exam. The static part of General Knowledge weighs more than 50% of the General Awareness section. Therefore, one has to focus on its various sub-topics and Important Days is one such sub-topic. Have a look at the detailed list of Important Days in February.
1. Indian Coast Guard Raising Day: 1 February
- Indian Coast Guard Raising Day is on 01 February and 44th Indian Coast Guard Raising Day was celebrated on 01 February 2020.
- Indian Coast Guard is the world’s fourth-largest Coast Guard. Its motto is Vayam Rakshamah (We Protect).
- A committee under the chairmanship of KF Rustamji recommended establishing a Coast Guard type organization in its report of 1975. The committee was set up in 1974.
- Indian Coast Guard was established on 01 February 1977. Fourth Prime Minister Morarji Desai formally inaugurated the Indian Coast Guard on 19 August 1978.
- Its headquarters are in New Delhi. It has five regional headquarters at Mumbai, Chennai, Gandhi Nagar, Kolkata and Port Blair.
- It functions under the Ministry of Defence. Krishnaswamy Natarajan is the current Director-General of the Indian Coast Guard.
2. World Wetland Day 2021: 2 February
- It is celebrated every year on 2 February to raise awareness about the importance of wetland for humans and earth.
- It is observed to mark the date of adopting the Convention on Wetlands on 2 February 1971 in Ramsar, Iran.
- The theme for World Wetlands Day 2021 is ‘Wetlands and Water’.
- The Ramsar Convention was adopted in 1971 and came into force in 1975. It provides a framework for the conservation of all wetlands across the world.
- At present, 42 wetlands of India are under the Ramsar list.
- Wetland is an area of land that is either covered with water or saturated with water. It includes mangroves, deltas, floodplains, rice-fields, coral reefs, etc.
3. World Cancer Day: 4 February
- World Cancer Day is celebrated every year on 4 February to raise awareness about Cancer- its detection, prevention and treatment.
- It is celebrated to mark the anniversary of the signing of ‘Charter of Paris Against Cancer’.
- It was started at the first ‘World Summit Against Cancer’ held in Paris in 2000.
- It is organised by the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC).
- The theme of this year’s World Cancer Day is “I Am and I Will”.
- Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally. In the world, 17 people die every minute from Cancer. Chemotherapy is used in the treatment of Cancer.
4. World Pulses Day 2021: 10 February
- World Pulses Day is observed every year on 10 February to raise awareness about the nutritional values of Pulses.
- This year’s theme is “Love Pulses- for a healthy diet and planet.”
- The UN General assembly had adopted 10 February as World Pulses Day in 2019. Burkina Faso had proposed this day in General Assembly.
- UN General Assembly had announced 2016 as the International Year of Pulses.
- World Pulses Day is part of the Sustainable Development Goal 2 “Zero Hunger.”
- It is a rich source of protein and plays a vital role in a healthy diet.
- India is the largest producer of pulses, followed by Canada.
- Madhya Pradesh is the largest producer of Pulses in India.
- Some prominent types of pulses are- Chickpeas, Black Gram, lentils, etc.
5. International Day of Women and Girls in Science: 11 February
- International Day of Women and Girls in Science is observed every year on 11 February to highlight the role of women in the field of science and technology.
- The theme of International Day of Women and Girls in Science 2021 is “Women Scientists at the forefront of the fight against COVID-19”.
- The United Nations General Assembly had decided to celebrate 11 February as the International Day of Women and Girls in Science in 2015.
- On this occasion, the 6th International Day of Women and Girls in Science Assembly will be organised virtually.
- It is celebrated to raise awareness about the role of women in achieving development goals.
- Sustainable Development Goal 5: Its objective is to achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.
- Facts about Women role in science and technology:
- Only 30 percent of researchers around the world are women.
- Around 30 percent of female students have selected STEM-related fields in higher education between 2014-2016.
- Enrollment of female students is very low in mathematics and statistics, engineering, ICT fields.
- Only 12 percent of women are in a STEM job.
6. World Unani Day: 11 February
- World Unani Day is celebrated every year on 11 February to commemorate the birth anniversary of Hakim Ajmal Khan.
- It is observed around the world to raise awareness about healthcare delivery through the Unani system of medicine.
- It was first celebrated at Central Research Institute of Unani Medicine (CRIUM), Hyderabad, in 2017.
- Unani system of medicine:
- It originated in Greece. It is based on the teachings of Greek physician Hippocrates and Roman physician Galen.
- It is a traditional medical system that offers treatment of all diseases related to all the body’s systems and organs.
- It uses herbal medicines and specific exercises for the treatment of disease.
- Hakim Ajmal Khan:
- He was a renowned Unani physician, scholar and a noted social reformer.
- World Unani Day is celebrated to mark his contribution to the field of Unani medicine.
7. National Productivity Day: 12 February
- 12th February is celebrated every year as Productivity Day and National Productivity Week is celebrated every year from 12th February to 18th February.
- National Productivity Council is organizing seminars on different topics during National Productivity Week this year.
- ‘Udyog manthan for productivity’ is the theme for the year 2021. Productivity Day marks the formation of National Productivity Council.
- National Productivity Council:
- It comes under the administrative control of the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade, Ministry of Commerce & Industry.
- It was formed on 12th February 1958. Minister of Commerce and Industry is its President.
- It is an autonomous, tripartite (having three parties), non-profit organization.
8. World Radio Day: 13 February
- World Radio Day is celebrated across the world every year on 13 February. It is celebrated to raise awareness among the people regarding the importance of radio for getting the information.
- The theme of this year’s World Radio Day is “New World, New Radio”, and it is divided into three sub-themes: evolution, innovation and connection.
- This year is the 10th edition of World Radio Day.
- In its 67th session in 2012, UNGA had formally adopted the resolution to celebrate 13 February as World Radio Day.
- In India, the first program was aired by the Radio Club of Bombay in 1923. All India Radio (AIR) was established in 1936.
- Guglielmo Marconi is the inventor of the radio.
- It uses radio waves for communication. Radio waves are electromagnetic waves of frequency between 30 hertz (Hz) and 300 gigahertz (GHz).
9. National Women’s Day (Birth anniversary of Sarojini Naidu): 13 February
- Every year 13 February is celebrated as the National Women’s Day in India. The day is celebrated to mark the birth anniversary of Sarojini Naidu.
- International Women’s Day is celebrated every year on 8 March.
- Sarojini Naidu:
- She was born on 13 February 1879 in Hyderabad.
- She is known as the nightingale of India.
- She was the first woman governor of India. She became governor of the United Provinces (now Uttar Pradesh) in 1947.
- She was the first Indian woman President of the Indian National Congress. She presided over the 1925 Kanpur session of INC.
- She was a follower of Mahatma Gandhi.
- Some of her notable works:
- The Broken Wing: Songs of Love, Death and the Spring
- The Gift of India
- Muhammad Jinnah: An Ambassador of Unity
- The Sceptred Flute: Songs of India
- Allahabad: Kitabistan
- The Indian Weavers
10. International Mother Language Day: 21 February
- International Mother Language Day is celebrated every year on 21 February, and in the year 2021, it is being celebrated with the theme “Fostering multilingualism for inclusion in education and society”.
- UNESCO had declared 21 February as International Mother Language Day in 1999. The decade 2022-2032 will be observed as the United Nations International Decade of Indigenous Languages.
- Year 2008 was declared as the International year of languages by the UN General assembly.
- In India, the Ministry of Education celebrates 21 February as Matribhasha Diwas (Mother Language Day) since 2015. A four-day long virtual event is being organized by three different organizations to mark the day this year.
- The names of three organizations are Ministry of Education, Ministry of Culture and Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA).
- On this occasion, the International virtual calligraphy exhibition will be inaugurated by Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu.
11. World Thinking Day is annually celebrated on 22 February
- World Thinking Day is a special day celebrated annually on 22 February and “peacebuilding” is the theme for World Thinking Day 2021.
- As per the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts, World Thinking Day is a day of international friendship and a fundraising opportunity for girl guides and girl scouts in 150 countries.
- Girl Guides and Girl Scouts, as well as Scout and Guide organizations all over the world, celebrate it.
- 22 February was selected because it is the birthday of two famous personalities mentioned below.
- Robert Baden Powell (R. B. Powell): He is the founder of Boy Scout movement. He was the first Chief Scout.
- Olave Baden Powell: She was the wife of R. B. Powell and first Chief Guide for Britain.
- World Thinking Day is celebrated since 1926. It was earlier known as Thinking Day.
- World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts every year selects a theme for World Thinking Day. It was founded in 1928. It is headquartered in London.
12. Central Excise day: 24 February
- Central Excise Day is observed every year on 24 February to commemorate the implementation of the Central Excise and Salt Act on 24 February 1944.
- Apart from this, this day is also celebrated to honour the hard work done by the employees of the excise department. It encourages the employees of the excise department to perform their duties.
- Central Board of Indirect Taxes & Customs celebrates this day in India.
- Central Board of Indirect Taxes & Customs (CBIC):
- It was established on 26 January 1944. It is headquartered in New Delhi. It is headed by Muttoli Ajit Kumar (M. Ajit Kumar).
- It is a part of the Department of Revenue under the Ministry of Finance.
- It formulates and implements policies for Central GST, Central Excise Duty and Custom/Import Duty.
13. World NGO Day: 27 February
- World NGO Day is celebrated annually on 27 February across the world.
- It is celebrated to highlight the contribution of NGOs and social workers in making the world a better place.
- It is also celebrated to encourage and inspire people involves in Social work. It creates awareness about the role of NGOs among the public and private sectors.
- Marcis Liors Skadmanis started this day then it was officially adopted in the X Baltic Sea NGO Forum in 2012.
- It was adopted by the UN, EU leaders and international organizations in 2014.
- Non-governmental organization (NGO): A non-governmental organization (NGO) is a non-profit group that functions independently. It plays a vital role in international development, improving communities, and philanthropy work.
14. National Science Day: 28 February
- National Science Day is celebrated annually on 28 February, and ‘Future of STI: Impacts on Education, Skills, and Work’ is the theme for National Science Day 2021.
- National Science Day is celebrated to remember the announcement of the discovery of Raman Effect by Sir C.V. Raman on 28 February 1928.
- Indian physicist Sir C.V. Raman won Nobel Prize in Physics 90 years ago in 1930 for the discovery of the Raman Effect.
- 28th February was designated as National Science Day by Government of India in 1986. Rajiv Gandhi was Prime Minister of India at that time.
- National Council for Science & Technology Communication is the nodal agency for celebration of National Science Day all over India. It is a division of the Department of Science and Technology (DST).
- National Awards for Science Popularization are given every year on National Science Day. They were started by DST in February 1987.
- The theme for National Science Day 2020 was ‘Women in Science’. National Technology Day is celebrated on 11 May.
- When light passes through a transparent material, the wavelength and amplitude of some deflected light change; this is called Raman scattering and is a consequence of the Raman Effect. Sir C.V. Raman worked on inelastic scattering of light by molecules.