Deficiency of Iodine causes which of the following diseases?
Correct Answer : a ) GoitreExplanation :
- Goitre is caused by the deficiency of iodine which leads to the enlargement of the thyroid gland.
- Hypothalamic disease is a disorder in Hypothalamus which may be caused due to malnutrition, anorexia and bulimia eating disorders, genetic disorders, radiation, surgery, head trauma, lesion, tumour or any other physical injury to the hypothalamus.
- Marasmus is a form of severe malnutrition that affects a child because he is unable to ingest protein, calories, carbohydrates, and other important nutrients.
- Kwashiorkor occurs due to severe protein deficiency which caused enlarged liver with fatty infiltrates and edema.
Hence, A is the correct answer.
Such type of question is asked in various government exams like State PCS, SSC CGL, SSC MTS, SSC CPO, SSC CHSL, RRB JE, RRB NTPC, RRB GROUP D, RRB OFFICER SCALE-I, etc.