Question of The Day18-06-2020

In the following question the symbols @, #, $, and & have the meaning mentioned below.

‘A % B’ means ‘A is not smaller than B’

‘A # B’ means ‘A is neither greater than nor equal to B’

‘A $ B’ means ‘A is not greater than B’

‘A & B’ means ‘A is neither smaller than nor equal to B’

Which of the following conclusion will follow the statements?

Statements:

P $ Q % T # N # O & L

Conclusion:

I. P & N

II. T # O

III. Q = T

Answer

Correct Answer : c ) Only II follows

Explanation :

The meaning of the above given statements will be

‘A % B’ means ‘A is not smaller than B’ ⇒ A ≥ B

‘A # B’ means ‘A is neither greater than nor equal to B’ ⇒ A < B

‘A $ B’ means ‘A is not greater than B’ ⇒ A ≤ B

‘A & B’ means ‘A is neither smaller than nor equal to B’ ⇒ A > B

Considering the given statement

P $ Q % T # N # O & L

Now, changing the signs according to the question we can write the above equation as

P ≤ Q ≥ T < N < O > L

As the sign changes between P and N while we move from P to N, thus we cannot define any relationship between P and N, thus we can say that conclusion I i.e. ‘P & N ⇒ P > N’ does not follow the statement.

As, from the above equation we can say that T < O, thus conclusion II i.e. ‘T # O ⇒ P < N’ follows the statement.

Similarly, from the above equation we can say that P ≤ Q ≥ T so, conclusion III i.e P = T can be possible but not definite. Thus, we can say that conclusion III does not follow the given statement.

Hence, (c) is the correct answer.

Such type of question is asked in various government exams like RRB JE, RRB NTPC, RRB GROUP D, RRB OFFICER SCALE-I, IBPS PO, IBPS SO, RRB Office Assistant, IBPS Clerk, RBI Assistant, IBPS RRB OFFICER SCALE 2&3, UPSC CDS, UPSC NDA etc.

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