Direction: In the question, two statements are given, followed by two conclusions, I and II. Considering the statements to be true even if they seem to be in variance from the commonly known facts, you have to decide which of the following conclusion(s) follow the given statements.
1. Some books are novels.
2. Some novels are short stories.
3. All short stories are good.
1. No good is novel.
2. Books are short stories.
Correct Answer : d ) Neither conclusion I nor II followsExplanation :
The given statements can be depicted by the following possible venn diagram
From the above Venn diagram, we can say that conclusion I does not follow the given statements as some ‘novels’ are ‘short stories’ and all ‘short stories’ are inclusive of good, so some ‘goods’ are always ‘novels’.
From the above Venn diagram, we can say that conclusion II is possible but not definite, so conclusion II does not follow the given statements.
Hence, (d) is the correct answer.
Such type of question is asked in various government exams like SSC CGL, SSC MTS, SSC CPO, SSC CHSL, RRB JE, RRB NTPC, RRB GROUP D, RRB OFFICER SCALE-I, IBPS PO, IBPS SO, RRB Office Assistant, IBPS Clerk, RBI Assistant, IBPS RRB OFFICER SCALE 02&3, etc.