QOTD-Which one of the following Mughal Emperor built the Red Fort in Delhi?
2019-08-04 | Team PendulumEdu
C. Shah Jahan
The Red Fort (or Lal Qila) was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan as the place of his fortified capital Shahjahanabad. The fort is constructed in Mughal style (a blend of Central Asian, Islamic, Persian, Arabic, and Turkish with indigenous architectural style) by the architect Ustad Ahmad Lahori (also constructed the Taj Mahal) in red sandstone. The fort has served as the main residence for the emperors of the Mughal dynasty for many years till the last Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar II was exiled to Yangon in 1858.
Most of the fort was plundered by the attack of Nadir Shah who took away most of the jewels and artwork, including the famous Peacock Throne; and later, the revolt of 1857 also led to systematic plunder of artifacts from the fort by the British.
The fort became famous for INA trials in 1945 also known as Red Fort Trails. Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India, hoisted the national flag on 15th August 1947 from the Red Fort, since then, it has become a tradition that the prime minister hoists the flag and delivers a speech from here on every Independence day.
The fort was designated as the UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007.
Hence, C is the correct answer.
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