Daily Current Affairs and GK | 19 May 2020

2020-05-19

1. 73rd World Health Assembly concluded through video conference

  • Recently the 73rd World Health Assembly was concluded through video conference.
  • Dr. Harsh Vardhan participated in this meeting on behalf of India.
  • Dr. Harsh Vardhan urged all governments, industry and philanthropists in this meeting to prioritize long-term benefits and ensure their resources, so that everyone can benefit.
  • The World Health Assembly is held annually in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • World Health Assembly (WHA):
    • The World Health Assembly is the decision-making body of the World Health Organization. It includes delegations from all WHO member countries.
    • It was founded in 1988.
    • Its headquarters are located in Geneva, Switzerland.

2. India supported the draft resolution of the European Union

  • Recently India has supported the proposal of the European Union to examine the response of the World Health Organization during the worldwide coronavirus crisis.
  • A total of 120 countries have sponsored the resolution, including Australia, the European Union, Brazil, Canada, Indonesia, Japan, Mexico, Norway, Russia, South Korea, South Africa, and the UK.
  • The proposal was made in the annual session of the World Health Assembly in Geneva.

  • World Health Organization (WHO):
    • It is a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for international public health.
    • It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
    • It was established on 7 April 1948.
    • Its current Director General is Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.

3. National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC) meeting in New Delhi

  • Recently the National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC) meeting was held in New Delhi.
  • The meeting was chaired by Cabinet Secretary Rajiv Gauba.
  • In this meeting, preparations and requirements for minimizing the loss due to upcoming super cyclone Amphan were discussed.
  • National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC):
    • A National Crisis Management Committee is formed in the Cabinet Secretariat.
    • The committee consists of cabinet secretaries and secretaries of all concerned ministries and departments as well as other organizations.
    • The cabinet secretary is the chairman of the committee.
    • The purpose of this committee is to ensure effective implementation of relief operations in times of natural disasters.
    • At the time of Cyclone Fani in Odisha in May 2019, the National Crisis Management Committee was formed under the chairmanship of Cabinet Secretary P.K. Sinha.

4. ICMR issued a revised strategy for testing COVID-19

  • Recently the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has released a revised strategy for testing COVID-19.
  • Under this strategy, all pathological persons with a history of international travel in the last 14 days will be tested.
  • Also, all those exposed to COVID-19 confirmed people in the laboratory will be tested.
  • In addition, all patients with severe acute respiratory infections will also be tested.

  • Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR):
    • It is one of the oldest and largest medical research bodies in the world.
    • The Indian Council of Medical Research is the apex body in India for the creation, coordination and promotion of biomedical research.
    • The current Director General of this institution is Dr. Balram Bhargava.
    • Its headquarters is located in New Delhi.
    • It was founded in 1911.

5. DB Shekatkar Committee recommendations related to construction of border infrastructure implemented

  • Recently, the Central Government has implemented the recommendations related to the construction of border infrastructure of the Lieutenant General DB Shekatkar Committee.
  • These recommendations are for accelerating road construction leading to socio-economic development in the border areas.
  • These recommendations are as follows:
    • Adoption of Engineering Procurement Contract (EPC) Mode for implementing of all works worth more than Rs 100 crore.
    • Increase the limit from Rs 7.5 crore to Rs 100 crore for procurement of modern construction plants, equipment and machinery under domestic and foreign procurement by BRO.
    • Blasting techniques for precision blasting, use of geo-textiles for soil stabilization, cement base for pavements, plastic coated aggregates for surfacing will also be used to speed up construction.
    • Empowerment of field officers by delegating financial and administrative powers has shown significant improvement in the rapid financial completion of tasks.
    • Also, all statutory clearances such as land acquisition and forest and environmental clearances have also been made part of the approval of the Detailed Project Report.
    • It is compulsory to allocate the work when 90% of the statutory approval has been received.

6. Famous Marathi writer Ratnakar Matkari dies from Coronavirus

  • Recently the famous Marathi playwright and litterateur Ratnakar Matkari died at the age of 81 from coronavirus in Mumbai.
  • Sri Ratnakar Matkari was adorned by both the Sangeet Natak Akademi and Sahitya Akademi for his musical compositions.
  • His film Investment received the National Award in the regional category section.

(Source: News on AIR)

  • His first play was Vedi Manasa.
  • Some of his famous Marathi plays include Arannyak, Lok Katha 78, Dubhang, Ashwamedh, Char Diwas Premache and Indira, etc. based on Mahabharata.

7. Charan Paduka campaign launched in Madhya Pradesh

  • Recently the Charan Paduka campaign, the first of its kind, has been launched in Madhya Pradesh.
  • This campaign is for migrant laborers passing through the state.
  • Under this campaign, migrant laborers going barefoot are being provided with shoes and slippers to ease their pain.
  • This campaign is being carried out by the police in most places. The campaign began from Rau police station in Indore.

  • Madhya Pradesh:
    • Madhya Pradesh ranks second in terms of area in the country after Rajasthan.
    • The state is famous for Sanchi Stupa and Bhimabetka Caves.
    • Bhopal is the capital of the state.
    • The Chief Minister is Shivraj Singh Chauhan and Governor is Lalji Tandon.
    • The state animal of the state is Barasingha.
    • The state bird of Madhya Pradesh is the Asian Paradise Flycatcher (Dudhraj).
    • The state's state flower is Palash.

8. Launch of new technology of lung treatment of newborns in Jaipur

  • Recently a new technique of lung treatment of newborns was launched in Jaipur.
  • This medical technique is known as Less Invasive Surfactant Administration (LISA).
  • It is used for the treatment of premature children with lung disease or respiratory distress syndrome.
  • This procedure was initially introduced for newborns weighing less than 1,500 grams.
  • The LISA technique has been developed as a lung protective strategy for respiratory management and ventilation so that mechanical ventilation does not damage the lungs of the uterine neonates.
  • Regular use of Lisa will help save the lives of premature children.

9. Oxford University made corona vaccine failed to stop the spread of virus in monkeys

  • The Corona vaccine, recently created by researchers at the Oxford University, failed to stop the spread of virus in monkeys.
  • Although, it provides protection from pneumonia.

  • This vaccine is currently being used for testing in humans as well. The vaccine is one of the eight vaccines that have been tested in humans.
  • The name of this vaccine is ChAdOx1 nCoV-19.

10. May 18: International Museum Day

  • International Museum Day is celebrated on 18 May each year.
  • The day marks the basis of the prejudices of the international museum community every year.
  • The International Council of Museums presented International Museum Day in 1977.
  • Each year a theme is selected for International Museum Day.
  • Its theme this year is the “Museums for Equality: Diversity and Inclusion”.

 

 

 

Share Blog


Loading Comments
Current Affairs

Attempt Daily Current
Affairs Quiz

Attempt Quiz


Question Of The Day

In the question below, a part of the sentence is underlined. Below are given alternatives to the underlined part which may improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative. In case no improvement is needed, choose ‘No improvement’.

The lieutenant general, with all his fellow men, have turned down the offer of surrendering.