Daily Current Affairs and GK | 23 July 2020

2020-07-23

1. The operating routes of merchant and fishing vessels were separated in the South West Indian sea route.

  • Recently the Ministry of Shipping has separated the operating routes of merchant and fishing vessels in the South West Indian waters.
  • Operations on these new routes will come into effect from 1 August.
  • Many trade ships pass through the Arabian Sea on the southwest coast of the country.
  • The area is one of the busiest routes, causing accidents between maritime vessels.
  • This decision has been taken to make shipping in Indian seas easier.
  • This decision will benefit the following:
    • Incidents of ships colliding will decrease.
    • Protection of marine environment.
    • Sea traffic will be more accessible.
    • Loss of property will prevent loss of life.

(Source: News on AIR)

2. Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone for the Manipur Water Supply Project.

  • Recently Prime Minister Narendra Modi has laid the foundation stone of Manipur Water Supply Project through video conferencing.
  • The project has been started under the Jal Jeevan Mission.
  • Jal Jeevan Mission:
    • In August 2019, the Center launched the Jal Jeevan Mission to provide safe and adequate drinking water supply to every rural household in the country by 2024.
    • The mission is based on a community approach to water and the key components of the mission are information, education and communication.
    • This creates a mass movement for water, making it a priority for everyone.

(Source: News on AIR)

3. Vice President Venkaiah Naidu unveiled the statue of Dr. Ambedkar at the CAG office in New Delhi.

  • Recently, Vice President Venkaiah Naidu unveiled the statue of Dr. Ambedkar at the CAG office in New Delhi.
  • Dr. Ambedkar was a multidisciplinary genius and the creator of modern India.
  • He had drafted the Constitution of India and guided the country to a turning point.
  • Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG):
    • It is an authority of India.
    • It is established by Article 148 of the Constitution of India.
    • It records all receipts and expenses of the Government of India and the State Governments.

(Source: News on AIR)

4. India and Maldives signed a contract to set up fish processing plants in two islands.

  • Recently India and Maldives have signed a contract to set up fish processing plants in two islands of Maldives.
  • A Memorandum of Understanding for the implementation of fish processing plants was signed between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Maldives President Ibrahim Solih in December 2020.
  • These fish-processing plants are the first in series of High Impact Community Development Projects (HICDP).
  • India and Maldives are committed to execute HICDP projects under grants totaling US $ 5.5 million.
  • These projects selected by the Maldives government include high levels of community influence and participation in the areas of livelihood and income generation, health, education, gender and child empowerment, etc.
  • HICDP is an important dimension of the dynamic development partnership between India and Maldives. These projects are inspired by the needs of communities on the islands.
  • Maldives:
    • It is a small island nation in South Asia, located in the Arabian Sea.
    • It is located about 700 km from the mainland of the Asian continent to the south-west of Sri Lanka and India.
    • Its capital is Male and the currency is Maldivian rufiya.

5. India Ideas Summit organized by USIBC concluded on 22 July.

  • India Ideas Summit organized by USIBC concluded on 22 July.
  • Speaking on the occasion, Nisha Biswal, Chairperson of US-India Business Council (USIBC), said that USIBC is playing a big role in strengthening not only the trade contacts between India and the US but also the basic relations between the two countries.
  • Also, for inclusive growth, the Council is ready to help in increasing investment, setting up industrial units and creating business opportunities.
  • The US India Business Council's India Ideas Summit is an annual event.
  • This year was the 45th edition of this conference.
  • US-India Business Council:
    • It was established in 1975 as a professional advocacy organization.
    • It aims to encourage private sectors of India and the United States to increase investment flows.
    • It is headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States.

(Source: News on AIR)

6. Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid homage to Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Chandrashekhar Azad on their birth anniversary on 23 July.

  • Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi has paid tribute to Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Chandrashekhar Azad on their birth anniversary on 23 July.
  • Bal Gangadhar Tilak:
    • Bal Gangadhar Tilak, one of the trio of Lal Bal Pal, was born on 23 July 1856 in Chikhali village of Ratnagiri, Maharashtra.
    • Tilak was an Indian nationalist and an independence activist.
    • He was the first leader of the Indian independence movement. British officer Valentine Chirol called him the father of Indian unrest.
    • He founded two newspapers named Kesari and Maratha. Also in 1916, the Home Rule League was established in Maharashtra by him.
    • He died on 1 August 1920, the day the non-cooperation movement started in Mumbai.

(Source: Wikipedia)

  • Chandra Shekhar Azad:
    • He was an Indian revolutionary who reorganized the Hindustan Republican Association in 1928.
    • Chandrasekhar Azad was born on 23 July 1906 in Bhabra in Alirajpur district of Madhya Pradesh.
    • He died on February 27, 1931, in Chandrasekhar Azad Park, Prayagraj, after being shot.

(Source: Wikipedia)

7. India received first batch of 4,475 oxygen concentrators from the Temasek Foundation, Singapore.

  • Recently India's Minister of State for Health Ashwini Kumar Choubey received the first batch of 4,475 oxygen concentrators from the Temasek Foundation, Singapore.
  • A total of 20,000 oxygen concentrators will be provided to India by the Foundation.
  • The remaining oxygen concentrators will be received next month.
  • These devices will prove to be of great help in managing the moderate cases of Covid-19.
  • These machines can be used in Covid-19 care centers and railway coaches that have been renovated as Covid care centers.
  • It is also particularly useful in remote areas where logistic constraints become a hindrance to the continuous supply of oxygen cylinders.

(Source: News on AIR)

8. SNBNCBS, Kolkata has developed a mask with active respirator valve and filter for protection from suspended-particles.

  • Recently SN Bose National Center for Basic Sciences, Kolkata has developed a breathable comfortable and hygienically active respirator mask with valve and filter for suspended-particulate protection.
  • The active respirator is an innovative solution to the problem of recurrence of carbon dioxide and emitted moisture inside the mask.
  • A nano-sanitizer with anti-microbial dispensing layer has also been developed by the center. This innovative sanitizer relieves the skin dehydration problem due to frequent use.
  • Both products have been transferred by the National Research Development Corporation to a Kolkata-based company for manufacturing.
  • These will be launched on the 15th August.
  • S. N. Bose National Center for Basic Sciences:
    • It is an autonomous research institute dedicated to basic research in Mathematics under the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India.
    • It is located in Kolkata, West Bengal.
    • This institute was established in 1986.

(Source: News on AIR)

9. AIIMS Nagpur has developed smart wristbands to track Covid-19 positive patients.

  • Recently, a model for effective tracking and monitoring of Covid-19 positive and suspected patients has been developed by All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Nagpur in collaboration with IIT Jodhpur and Indian Institute of Information Technology Nagpur.
  • The device is in the form of smart wristbands.
  • It has been conceptualized by Dr. Prathamesh Kamble, Assistant Professor, Physiology, AIIMS Nagpur.
  • This wristband can provide mobile free operation, using Geo Fencing technology which will warn on any violation in the Quarantine area on real-time basis.
  • In addition, this wristband will also provide warnings such as the wearer's temperature, pulse rate, respiration rate and oxygen saturation.

10. Britain will open a new special route for Hong Kong residents to gain British citizenship from January 2021.

  • The UK government has recently announced that it will open a new special route for eligible Hong Kong residents from January 2021 to gain British citizenship.
  • This change in immigration rules has been brought after China imposed a new comprehensive national security law on Hong Kong.
  • These eligible Hong Kong residents can reach any position in the UK at any skill level and without salary limits.
  • These people they can apply for settling in the UK permanently, after five years. After the next 12 months, they can apply for British citizenship.
  • The UK handed its former colony Hong Kong to China in 1997, under a One Country, Two Systems Framework.

(Source: The Hindu)

11. US President Donald Trump started ‘Operation Legend’.

  • Recently US President Donald Trump has started Operation Legend.
  • This operation is meant to maintain law and order during the upcoming presidential election on 3 November 2020.
  • It plans to send federal agents to more and more American cities to crack down on violent crime.
  • It has expanded the Operation Legends program to include cities such as Chicago and Albuquerque, New Mexico.
  • The operation was named after Legend Taliferro, a four-year-old child shot and killed in Kansas City, Missouri.
  • The operation has been implemented by President Trump as an increase in law enforcement and military efforts, so as to destroy the criminal riot trend as a result of the recent George Floyd assassination protest.

(Source: The Hindu)

12. CCI approved the acquisition of Krishnapatnam Port Company Limited by Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Limited.

  • Recently CCI has approved the acquisition of Krishnapatnam Port Company Limited by Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Limited.
  • The acquisition of equity shareholding along with management control of the company has been proposed by Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Limited.
  • Adani Ports is a customer-facing integrated port infrastructure service provider currently present in ten domestic ports in six maritime states of Gujarat, Goa, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Odisha.
  • It manages the logistics chain i.e. ships management to anchorage, pilotage, tug pulling, berthing, goods handling, internal transport, storage, handling and processing, etc.
  • Krishnapatnam Port Company Limited is engaged as a developer and operator of deep water port in Krishnapatnam, Andhra Pradesh.
  • Competition Commission of India (CCI):
    • It is a statutory body of the Government of India.
    • It is responsible for implementing the Competition Act, 2002 and preventing activities which have an adverse effect on competition in India.
    • It was established on 14 October 2003.

13. Union Home Minister Shri Amit Shah launched VRIKSHAROPAN ABHIYAN in New Delhi.

  • Union Home Minister Shri Amit Shah launched VRIKSHAROPAN ABHIYAN in New Delhi.
  • Along with this, Shri Amit Shah also inaugurated and laid the foundation stone of six eco-parks/ tourist places.
  • The event was conducted through video conferencing at more than 130 locations spread across 38 districts in 10 states with coal / lignite reserves.
  • During this period, large scale plantations will be done in coal/ lignite PSU mines, colonies and other suitable areas and plants will be distributed in the surrounding areas to promote tree plantation by the society.
  • Eco-parks, tourist spots will provide options for entertainment, adventure, water sports, bird watching etc. for the people living in the surrounding areas.
  • The work is being undertaken through the active participation of coal / lignite PSUs and private miners under the Ministry Going Green initiative.
  • Going Green involves maximization of green cover through ecological reclamation of mined out areas and overburden dumps, plantation in and around mines and avenue plantation at suitable places.
  • Also, these sites have been planned to generate revenue for self-sufficiency and to create employment opportunities for the local people.
  • This year three coal / lignite PSUs - Coal India Limited, NLC India Limited and Singareni Collieries Company Limited have set an ambitious target of covering 1789 hectares in and around the coal fields.

 

 

 

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In a family having two generations, there are 7 members, P, Q, R, S, T, U, and V. There are two married couples in the family. There are four females in the family. T and V are married but not to each other. U is the nephew of S. P and Q are siblings of the same gender. T and S are brothers. R is the mother in law of V. How is P related to V?