Daily Current Affairs and GK | 28 July 2020


1. World Hepatitis Day: 28 July.

  • World Hepatitis Day is observed every year on 28 July to raise awareness about viral hepatitis.
  • The day is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the Nobel-prize winning scientist Dr. Baruch Blumberg, who discovered the hepatitis B virus (HBV).
  • He also developed tests and vaccines for the virus.
  • The theme of this day this year is: “Hepatitis-free future.”
  • The theme of this day in the year 2019 was – “Investments to end Hepatitis.”
  • Hepatitis:
    • Hepatitis is liver inflammation, which causes many health problems, including liver cancer.
    • There are five main types of hepatitis viruses - A, B, C, D and E.
    • Hepatitis B and C together, cause 1.4 million deaths each year.
    • Even in the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic, viral hepatitis is killing thousands of people every day.
    • The WHO aims to end viral hepatitis as a public threat by 2030.

2. World Nature Conservation Day: 28 July.

  • World Nature Conservation Day is observed every year on 28 July.
  • This day is celebrated to create awareness about natural resources.
  • At the same time, it also encourages people to protect the rapidly depleting natural resources due to exploitation of the Earth.
  • "Protection is not just a question of morality, but a question of our own existence" - Dalai Lama.

3. India presented 10 broad gauge diesel locomotives to Bangladesh.

  • Recently India has presented 10 broad gauge diesel rail locomotives to Bangladesh.
  • Keeping in mind the requirement of Bangladesh Railway Department, India has made necessary changes in these engines.
  • These will increase the number of passengers in Bangladesh and will also increase the freight.
  • With this, a promise of help from India to Bangladesh has been fulfilled.
  • This was promised during the visit of Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina to India in October 2019.

(Source: News on AIR)

4. India has opposed Pakistan's attempt to convert the gurdwara into a mosque in Lahore.

  • India has opposed the attempt to replace the gurdwara in Lahore, Pakistan, as the site of the mosque Shaheed Ganj.
  • This Gurudwara Shaheedi Asthan is the site of the martyrdom of Bhai Taru Singh Ji in Naulakha Bazaar in Lahore, Pakistan.
  • The Gurudwara is a historical place where Bhai Taru ji made the supreme sacrifice in 1745.
  • The Gurudwara is a place of reverence and is considered sacred by the Sikh community.
  • Bhai Taru Singh:
    • A prominent Sikh martyr who is known to have sacrificed his life to protect Sikh values.
    • He was born on 6 October 1720 in the city of Amritsar.
    • He died on 1 July 1745 in Lahore, Pakistan.

5. BIS-Care, mobile app of the Bureau of Indian Standards, was launched.

  • Recently Consumer Affairs Minister Ram Vilas Paswan launched BIS-Care, a mobile app of the Bureau of Indian Standards.
  • He also started three portals on standardization, conformity assessment and training of e-BIS.
  • The mobile application BIS-Care can be operated on any Android phone.
  • Consumers can check the authenticity of ISI-marked and hallmarked products through this application.
  • Customers can also lodge complaints using this medium.
  • The government has taken these steps to protect the interests of consumers in the country.
  • Bureau of Indian Standards:
    • It is a national standards body functioning under the aegis of the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution, Government of India.
    • It was established by the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986.
    • It was declared as the National Standards Body of India by the Bureau of Indian Standards Act 2016.
    • Its headquarters is located in New Delhi.

(Source: News on AIR)

6. New Zealand suspended its extradition treaty with Hong Kong.

  • Recently New Zealand Foreign Minister Winston Peters reported that he had suspended his extradition treaty with Hong Kong.
  • New Zealand has also made several other changes following China's decision to pass a national security law for Hong Kong.
  • Beijing enacted a new law earlier this month on the former British colony, Hong Kong.
  • The law was opposed by many other Western countries, including Hong Kong.
  • Despite this, China has established a financial center on a more official track in Hong Kong.
  • Australia, Canada and the UK All had suspended extradition treaties with Hong Kong.
  • US President Donald Trump has ended preferential economic treatment for Hong Kong.
  • Hong Kong National Security Law:
  • China's controversial new law in Hong Kong gives Beijing the following rights-
    • Unprecedented judicial authority in the financial sector.
    • Chinese jurisdiction over severe crimes.
    • Investigation of the status of foreign NGOs and news organizations.
    • Secret Trial without Jury.
    • Establishment of a National Security Agency.

(Source: The Hindu)

7. Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Edappadi K. Palaniswamy launched free face mask distribution scheme in the state.

  • Recently Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Edappadi K. Palaniswamy has launched a free face mask distribution scheme in the state.
  • This decision has been taken in view of the increasing prevalence of Covid-19 in Tamil Nadu.
  • Under this scheme, 2 reusable face masks will be distributed to 6.74 crore persons associated with 2.08 crore ration cards in the state.
  • In the first phase, the government plans to distribute more than 4.44 crore face masks to over 69 lakh families, municipalities and nagar panchayats in corporations (excluding Greater Chennai Corporation).
  • Tamil Nadu:
    • It is famous for South Indian Dravidian style Hindu temples.
    • On the island of Pamban, the Ramanathaswamy temple is a pilgrimage site.
    • Chief Minister: Edappadi K. Palaniswami
    • Governor: Banwarilal Purohit
    • Capital: Chennai

(Source: The Hindu)

8. First fleet of fighter aircraft Rafale departs from France to India.

  • Recently, the first fleet of fighter aircraft Rafael has left for India from France.
  • Five aircraft will arrive in India on 29 July 2020.
  • These aircraft will be officially inducted into the 17th Battalion of the Air Force at Ambala, Haryana immediately.
  • These aircraft are made by the French company Dassault.
  • The delivery of ten aircraft is being completed as per the stipulated period. Five aircraft will remain in France for training.
  • India is purchasing 36 Rafale aircraft from France under a 2016 deal of Rs 59,000 crore.
  • Under the agreement between the governments of India and France, all these 36 aircraft are to be delivered by the end of 2021.
  • The first Rafale aircraft was delivered to India in October 2019.

(Source: News on AIR)

9. Ministry of Earth Sciences launched Mausam Mobile App of the Indian Meteorological Department.

  • Recently the Ministry of Earth Sciences has launched the Mausam Mobile App of the Indian Meteorological Department.
  • The Ministry of Earth Sciences has launched this app during its Foundation Day celebrations on 27 July.
  • The design of this app has been made keeping in mind that meteorological information and forecasts can be detected in a very simple way.
  • With this, users can get information on weather forecasts, images taken from radar and anomalous weather related obstacles.
  • This mobile app is available on both Play Store and App Store.

(Source: News on AIR)

10. Four schemes for setting up of the bulk drugs and medical device parks in the country launched.

  • Recently Chemicals and Fertilizers Minister Sadanand Gowda released four schemes of the Department of Pharmaceuticals to develop the bulk drug and medical device parks in the country.
  • These schemes are in line with the vision of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s ATMA NIRBHAR ABHIYAN.
  • Two of them are for bulk drug manufacturing and two for medical device parks.
  • This will help in the direction of manufacturing API medicine and making important medical equipment in the country.
  • India is called the pharmacy of the world and this has been proven during the Corona pandemic. But it is a matter of concern that India has to depend on imports for raw materials useful in the manufacture of medicines.

(Source: News on AIR)

11. Nag river has become highly polluted due to industrialization and urbanization.

  • Recently, the Nagpur bench of the Bombay High Court stated that the Nag River has become highly polluted due to industrialization and urbanization.
  • Therefore, the court has directed the civil authorities to submit their comprehensive plan regarding the preparation and approval to revive the river.
  • Nag River:
    • The city of Nagpur is named after this river.
    • The Nag River originates from the Ambajhari Lake in western Nagpur and finally joins the Kanhan River.
    • Pili River is its major tributary.

12. Hurricane Hanna affected Texas.

  • Recently, Texas has been hit by landslides caused by strong winds and rain due hurricane Hanna.
  • Meanwhile, Hurricane Douglas in the Pacific Ocean avoided the collision with the Hawaiian Islands and moved away from the island.
  • Hurricane:
    • It is a tropical cyclone that occurs in the Atlantic Ocean and the northeastern Pacific Ocean.
    • These originate on the warm sea surface near the equator.
    • Thunderstorms typically occur between 5 and 15 degrees latitude north and south of the equator.
    • The tropical cyclone is called Willy Willy in Australia, Cyclone in India, Typhoon in China and Japan.




Share Blog

Loading Comments
Current Affairs

Attempt Daily Current
Affairs Quiz

Attempt Quiz

Question Of The Day

In a family having two generations, there are 7 members, P, Q, R, S, T, U, and V. There are two married couples in the family. There are four females in the family. T and V are married but not to each other. U is the nephew of S. P and Q are siblings of the same gender. T and S are brothers. R is the mother in law of V. How is P related to V?