Who among the following scientists introduced the modern system of binomial nomenclature?
Correct Answer : d ) Carolus LinnaeusExplanation :
- Robert Koch discovered Bacillus anthracis. It is a bacterium that causes anthrax.
- Robert H. Whittaker (RH Whittaker) introduced the concept of a five-kingdom system of classification. In five-kingdom system of classification, living organisms are classified into five different groups, known as Kingdoms. They are Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia.
- Schleiden & Schwann proposed cell theory. As per cell theory, the cell is the basic unit of life and all living organisms are made up of cells.
- Carolus Linnaeus (Carl Linnaeus) introduced the modern system of binomial nomenclature. In the modern system of binomial nomenclature, the scientific name of a plant or an organism is made up of two parts. The first part is called generic epithet and the second part is known as specific epithet. For example, the scientific name of mango is Mangifera indica. Here, Mangifera is generic epithet or generic name of mango and indica is the specific epithet or specific name of mango.
Hence, option (d) is correct.
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