List of National Parks in India


2019-09-12 | Team PendulumEdu

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A National Park is an area that is strictly reserved for the conservation of wildlife species and their environment. There are 104 national parks in India which cover 1.23% of the total area of the country. There are different types of protected areas like National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries, Community reserves, Conservation Reserves and Tiger reserves.  The Wildlife Protection Act is an umbrella act for the comprehensive protection and development of wildlife species in India.

National Parks are those protected areas where the developmental activities, poaching, hunting, grazing on cultivation, etc. are strictly prohibited. The State can declare an area as the National Park for the protection and conservation of biodiversity via notification. The State government can also fix or alter the boundaries of the National Parks after the prior approval of the National Board of Wildlife (chaired by the Prime Minister).

India’s first national park- Jim Corbett National Park (Uttarakhand) was established in 1936.

 

Number

Total Area (in km2)

% of the total area of the country

National Parks

104

40401.13

1.23

Wildlife Sanctuaries

551

119775.80

3.64

Conservation Reserves

88

4356.49

0.13

Community Reserves

127

525.22

0.02

Total Protected Areas

869

165158.54

5.02

Source: National Wildlife Database, Wildlife Institute of India

List of National Parks in India (State-wise)

Name

State

Year of Establishment

Area (km2)

Campbell Bay National Park

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

1992

426.23

Galathea Bay National Park

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

1992

110

Mahatama Gandhi Marine (Wandoor) National Park

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

1983

281.5

Middle Button Island National Park

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

1987

0.44

Mount Harriett National Park

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

1987

46.62

North Button Island National Park

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

1987

0.44

Rani Jhansi Marine National Park

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

1996

256.14

Saddle Peak National Park

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

1987

32.54

South Button Island National Park

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

1987

0.03

Papikonda National Park

Andhra Pradesh

2008

1012.86

Rajiv Gandhi (Rameswaram) National Park

Andhra Pradesh

2005

2.4

Sri Venkateswara National Park

Andhra Pradesh

1989

353.62

Mouling National Park

Arunachal Pradesh

1986

483

Namdapha National Park

Arunachal Pradesh

1983

1807.82

Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

Assam

1999

340

Kaziranga National Park

Assam

1974

858.98

Manas National Park

Assam

1990

500

Nameri National Park

Assam

1998

200

Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park

Assam

1999

78.81

Valmiki National Park

Bihar 

1989

335.65

Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) National Park

Chhattisgarh              

1981

1440.705

Indravati (Kutru) National Park

Chhattisgarh              

1982

1258.37

Kanger Valley National Park

Chhattisgarh              

1982

200

Mollem National Park

Goa

1992

107

Vansda National Park

Gujarat

1979

23.99

Blackbuck (Velavadar) National Park

Gujarat

1976

34.53

Gir National Park

Gujarat

1975

258.71

Marine (Gulf of Kachchh) National Park

Gujarat

1982

162.89

Kalesar National Park

Haryana

2003

46.82

Sultanpur National Park

Haryana

1989

1.43

Great Himalayan National Park

Himachal Pradesh

1984

754.4

Inderkilla National Park

Himachal Pradesh

2010

104

Khirganga National Park

Himachal Pradesh

2010

710

Pin Valley National Park

Himachal Pradesh

1987

675

Simbalbara National Park

Himachal Pradesh

2010

27.88

City Forest (Salim Ali) National Park

Jammu & Kashmir

1992

9

Dachigam National Park

Jammu & Kashmir

1981

141

Hemis National Park

Jammu & Kashmir

1981

3350

Kishtwar National Park

Jammu & Kashmir

1981

425

Betla National Park

Jharkhand

1986

226.33

Anshi National Park

Karnataka

1987

417.34

Bandipur National Park

Karnataka

1974

874.2

Bannerghatta National Park

Karnataka

1974

260.51

Kudremukh National Park

Karnataka

1987

600.32

Nagarahole (Rajiv Gandhi) National Park

Karnataka

1988

643.39

Anamudi Shola National Park

Kerala

2003

7.5

Eravikulam National Park

Kerala

1978

97

Mathikettan Shola National Park

Kerala

2003

12.82

Pambadum Shola National Park

Kerala

2003

1.318

Periyar National Park

Kerala

1982

350

Silent Valley National Park

Kerala

1984

89.52

Bandhavgarh National Park

Madhya Pradesh

1968

448.85

Dinosaur Fossils National Park

Madhya Pradesh

2011

0.8974

Fossil National Park

Madhya Pradesh

1983

0.27

Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park

Madhya Pradesh

1975

292.85

Kanha National Park

Madhya Pradesh

1955

940

Madhav National Park

Madhya Pradesh

1959

375.22

Panna National Park

Madhya Pradesh

1981

542.67

Sanjay National Park

Madhya Pradesh

1981

466.88

Satpura National Park

Madhya Pradesh

1981

585.17

Van Vihar National Park

Madhya Pradesh

1979

4.45

Chandoli National Park

Maharashtra

2004

317.67

Gugamal National Park

Maharashtra

1975

361.28

Nawegaon National Park

Maharashtra

1975

133.88

Pench (Jawaharlal Nehru) National Park

Maharashtra

1975

257.26

Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli) National Park

Maharashtra

1983

86.96

Tadoba National Park

Maharashtra

1955

116.55

Keibul-Lamjao National Park

Manipur 

1977

40

Balphakram National Park

Meghalaya

1985

220

Nokrek Ridge National Park

Meghalaya

1986

47.48

Murlen National Park

Mizoram

1991

100

Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park

Mizoram

1992

50

Intanki National Park

Nagaland

1993

202.02

Bhitarkanika National Park

Odisha

1988

145

Simlipal National Park

Odisha

1980

845.7

Desert National Park

Rajasthan

1992

3162

Keoladeo Ghana National Park

Rajasthan

1981

28.73

Mukundra Hills National Park

Rajasthan

2006

200.54

Ranthambhore National Park

Rajasthan

1980

282

Sariska National Park

Rajasthan

1992

273.8

Khangchendzonga National Park

Sikkim

1977

1784

Guindy National Park

Tamil Nadu

1976

2.82

Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park

Tamil Nadu

1980

6.23

Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) National Park

Tamil Nadu

1989

117.1

Mudumalai National Park

Tamil Nadu

1990

103.23

Mukurthi National Park

Tamil Nadu

1990

78.46

Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park

Telangana

1994

1.43

Mahaveer Harina Vanasthali National Park

Telangana

1994

14.59

Mrugavani National Park

Telangana

1994

3.6

Clouded Leopard National Park

Tripura

2007

5.08

Bison (Rajbari) National Park

Tripura

2007

31.63

Dudhwa National Park

Uttar Pradesh

1977

490

Corbett National Park

Uttarakhand

1936

520.82

Gangotri National Park

Uttarakhand

1989

2390.02

Govind National Park

Uttarakhand

1990

472.08

Nanda Devi National Park

Uttarakhand

1982

624.6

Rajaji National Park

Uttarakhand

1983

820

Valley of Flowers NP

Uttarakhand

1982

87.5

Buxa National Park

West Bengal

1992

117.1

Gorumara National Park

West Bengal

1992

79.45

Jaldapara National Park

West Bengal

2014

216.51

Neora Valley National Park

West Bengal

1986

159.89

Singalila National Park

West Bengal

1986

78.6

Sunderban National Park

West Bengal

1984

1330.1

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