Daily Current Affairs and GK | 21 May 2021
- 1. INS Rajput to be decommissioned on May 21.
- 2. US Congress passes Anti-Asian hate crimes bill.
- 3. International Tea Day is celebrated each year on 21 May.
- 4. ICMR gives approval to CoviSelf kit for home testing.
- 5. 12th Annual Day of the Competition Commission of India (CCI) commemorated on 20 May.
- 6. World Bee Day is observed on 20 May.
- 7. India’s rank on EY’s Renewable Energy Country Attractiveness Index (RECAI) moves up a place to 3rd position.
- 8. India and Oman renew MoUs on military cooperation and maritime issues.
- 9. Six Indian places added to tentative list of UNESCO world heritage sites.
- 10. Anti-Terrorism Day: 21 May
- 11. Pinarayi Vijayan sworn in as Chief Minister of Kerala.
- 12. Winners of the 2020 Millennium Technology Prize are declared.
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1. INS Rajput to be decommissioned on May 21.
- The first destroyer of the Indian Navy, INS Rajput, will be decommissioned on May 21. It was commissioned on 04 May 1980.
- After rendering service for 41 years, it will be decommissioned at the Naval Dockyard of Visakhapatnam.
- INS Rajput was built by Russia in the 61 Communards Shipyard. Its Original Russian name was ‘Nadezhny’.
- INS Rajput served for both Western and Eastern Fleets and its first commanding officer was Capt Gulab Mohanlal Hiranandani.
- It is the first Indian Naval Ship to be associated with an Indian Army regiment – the Rajput Regiment.
- It participated in many operations including Operation Aman, Operation Pawan, Operation Cactus, etc.
(Source: News on AIR)
Topic: International News
2. US Congress passes Anti-Asian hate crimes bill.
- The United States parliament has passed the Covid-19 Hate Crimes bill. It was introduced by Grace Meng and Mazie Hirono.
- The bill has been approved to combat the hate crimes against Asians during the coronavirus pandemic.
- Last year, the cases against racially motivated crimes against Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders had increased. Around 3,795 incidents of hate crimes were reported between March 2020 and February 2021.
- The bill proposes to create a new position at the Justice Department to review the Covid-19-related hate crimes against Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders.
- The law also directs departments of Justice and Health and Human Services to spread awareness against hate crimes across the country.
Topic: Important Days
3. International Tea Day is celebrated each year on 21 May.
- 21 May was celebrated as International Tea Day for the first time in 2020.
- International Tea Day aims to raise awareness about history and cultural and economic significance of tea all over the world.
- Tea is a beverage. It is made from Camellia sinesis plant. After water, tea is the most consumed drink in the world.
- It is believed to be originated from northeast India, north Myanmar and southwest China.
- Four tea cultivation sites designated as Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems by Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) are located in China, Korea and Japan.
- Tea processing and production contribute to four Sustainable Development Goals given below:
- Reduction of extreme poverty (Goal 1)
- Fight against hunger (Goal 2)
- Empowerment of women (Goal 5)
- Sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems (Goal 15)
Topic: Biotechnology and Diseases
4. ICMR gives approval to CoviSelf kit for home testing.
- Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has given approval to the CoviSelf kit for home testing of symptomatic patients.
- ICMR has issued an advisory for COVID-19 home testing. In the advisory, ICMR said that users would be required to download My lab app on their mobile phones.
- My lab app provides a comprehensive guide to the testing procedure. It will provide positive or negative test results to the patient.
- ICMR said that only a nasal swab would be needed for this Rapid Antigen Testing.
- All users will be required to click the picture of the test strip after completing the test procedure.
- The picture should be clicked with the same mobile phone which has been used for downloading the mobile app and user registration.
Topic: Important Days
5. 12th Annual Day of the Competition Commission of India (CCI) commemorated on 20 May.
- 12th Annual Day of the Competition Commission of India (CCI) was virtually commemorated on 20 May.
- Union Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman addressed different invitees in the inaugural session of the event to commemorate 12th Annual Day of CCI.
- On occasion, she released the ‘CCI Journal on Competition Law and Policy’.
- It was established under the Competition Commission Act, 2002, but it became fully functional in May 2009.
Topic: Important Days
6. World Bee Day is observed on 20 May.
- World Bee Day is observed on 20 May. It is the day on which Anton Jansa was born.
- Its purpose is to acknowledge the role bees and other pollinators play in the ecosystem. Anton Jansa is known as the pioneer of beekeeping.
- World Bee Day 2021 is the fourth World Bee Day. 20th May was proclaimed as World Bee Day in 2017.
- On World Bee Day 2021, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) organized a virtual event under the theme “Bee engaged – Build Back Better for Bees”.
Topic: Reports and Indices
7. India’s rank on EY’s Renewable Energy Country Attractiveness Index (RECAI) moves up a place to 3rd position.
- India’s rank on 57th EY Renewable Energy Country Attractiveness Index (RECAI) has moved up a place to 3rd position.
- US and China respectively occupy first and second positions on EY’s Renewable Energy Country Attractiveness Index.
- India was ranked 4th place in the previous ranking. India’s good performance on the index is due to its exceptional performance on the solar photovoltaic front.
- Installed solar PV capacity in India has increased to 39 GW. Installed solar PV capacity in India has overtaken the wind capacity for the first time.
- As per the report, India’s solar sector will grow substantially after Covid-19 pandemic.
- As per EY (Ernst & Young), global renewable energy capacity investments increased 2% to $303.5 billion.
- EY (Ernst & Young) is a multinational professional services network with headquarters in London. It is one of the big four accounting firms. It mainly provides consulting and advisory services.
8. India and Oman renew MoUs on military cooperation and maritime issues.
- The Memorandum of Understandings (MoUs) on military cooperation and maritime issues have been renewed between India and Oman.
- The MoUs were signed between the Secretary-General of the Ministry of Defense of Oman and Ambassador of India to Oman.
- The military cooperation MoU was signed at Muscat and MoU on cooperation on maritime issues was signed at the Maritime Security Centre.
Topic: Art and Culture
9. Six Indian places added to tentative list of UNESCO world heritage sites.
- Culture and Tourism Minister Prahlad Patel announced that Six Indian sites had been added to the tentative list of UNESCO’s world heritage sites.
- The nomination of these sites was proposed by the Archaeological Survey of India.
- The six sites are as follows:
Temples of Kanchipuram in Tamil Nadu
Ganga ghats in Varanasi
Satpura Tiger Reserve in Madhya Pradesh
Megalithic site of Hire Benkal
Maratha Military Architecture in Maharashtra
Bhedaghat-Lametaghat in Narmada Valley- Jabalpur
- As of now, India has 48 sites in the tentative list of UNESCO’s world heritage sites.
- According to operation guidelines, it is mandatory to put any monument/site on the Tentative List (TL) before final nomination.
(Source: Ministry of Culture)
Topic: Important Days
10. Anti-Terrorism Day: 21 May
- Every year Anti-Terrorism Day is observed in India on 21 May.
- The day is celebrated to spread the message of peace and humanity and to promote unity among the people.
- Apart from this, it is also observed as the death anniversary of Rajiv Gandhi.
- It was proposed by the V P Singh government after the assassination of India’s Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi.
- As per the latest Global Terrorism (GTI) 2020 report, South Asia is the most impacted region by terrorism in the world.
- Around 65 terrorist groups are active in India with different agendas.
11. Pinarayi Vijayan sworn in as Chief Minister of Kerala.
- Pinarayi Vijayan becomes the Chief Minister of Kerala for the second successive time.
- According to Article 164 of the Indian constitution, the Chief Minister is appointed by the Governor and the other ministers are appointed on the advice of the Chief Minister.
- Governor Arif Mohammad Khan administered the oath of office to Pinarayi Vijayan.
- Pinarayi Vijayan is the first Chief Minister of Kerala to be appointed for the second consecutive term.
- Pinarayi Vijayan will head the 21 member’s cabinet, which includes three women.
- Kerala Legislative Assembly has a strength of 140 members. In the recently held election, CPI (M) has won 99 seats while INC has won 41 seats.
Topic: Awards and Prizes
12. Winners of the 2020 Millennium Technology Prize are declared.
- Chemists Shankar Balasubramanian and David Klenerman were declared winners of the 2020 Millennium Technology Prize.
- They got this award for the development of the Next Generation DNA Sequencing (NGS) techniques. It will help in determining the DNA sequence in less time.
- The main aim of this prize is to promote technological research and innovation for a better life.
- In 2004, Tim Berners-Lee received the first Millennium Technology Prize for the discovery of World Wide Web.
- Millennium Technology Prize:
- It a prestigious science and technology prize.
- It is awarded by Technology Academy Finland (TAF).
- 1 million Euro is awarded as Prize money.