Daily Current Affairs and GK | 1 June 2021
- 1. World Milk Day: 1 June
- 2. Dr. Harsh Vardhan has been honoured by WHO for efforts in tobacco control
- 3. Horticulture Cluster Development Programme (CDP) virtually launched by Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare Shri Narendra Singh Tomar.
- 4. Kuldeep Singh given additional charge of National Investigation Agency (NIA) chief.
- 5. China allowed couples to have three children.
- 6. Sanjeet won Gold medal at Asian Boxing Championships.
- 7. IIT Ropar developed India’s first indigenous temperature data logger for cold chain management.
- 8. Scientists have developed an Artificial Synaptic Network for mimicking human brain.
- 9. Ravi Shastri's book 'Stargazing' to release this year
- 10. Vice Admiral Kiran Deshmukh takes charge as Controller Warship Production and Acquisition on 31 May 2021.
- 11. 1 June observed as the Global Day of Parents throughout the world.
- 12. A team of zoologists found a subgenus of cricket under the genus Arachnomimus Saussure.
MAGNIFICENT May OFFER get 25% Off
Use Coupon code MAY23
Topic: Important Days
1. World Milk Day: 1 June
- Every year World Milk Day is observed on 1 June.
- It was started by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in 2001.
- World Milk Day is observed to highlight the importance of milk and other dairy products for diet.
- The theme of this year’s World Milk Day will focus on ‘sustainability in the dairy sector along with empowering the environment, nutrition, and socio-economic’.
- On the occasion of World Milk Day, several campaigns are being organized by the Global Dairy Platform.
- Milk is a nutrient-rich fluid. It is a rich source of vitamins and protein.
- India is the largest milk-producing country in the world, followed by the USA and China.
Topic: Awards and Prizes
2. Dr. Harsh Vardhan has been honoured by WHO for efforts in tobacco control
- On the occasion of World No Tobacco Day, Union Health Minister Dr. Harsh Vardhan has been honoured with Director-General Special award.
- The World Health Organization (WHO) has given this award for its efforts to control tobacco consumption in India.
- Dr Harsh Vardhan taken several steps for controlling tobacco consumption in India. He played a vital role in banning E-cigarettes & heated tobacco products.
- Every year WHO give Director-General Special award to individuals or organizations to recognize their effort in controlling the use of tobacco products.
- World No Tobacco Day Awards were also given by WHO on this occasion.
Topic: Government Schemes and Initiatives
3. Horticulture Cluster Development Programme (CDP) virtually launched by Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare Shri Narendra Singh Tomar.
- Horticulture Cluster Development Programme (CDP) has been virtually launched by Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare Shri Narendra Singh Tomar.
- Total 53 clusters have been selected for the programme. In the pilot phase, the programme will be implemented in 12 horticulture clusters. The clusters of pilot phase are given below:
- Shopian (J&K) and Kinnaur (H.P.) for Apple
- Lucknow (U.P.), Kutch (Gujarat) and Mahbubnagar (Telangana) for Mango
- Anantpur (A.P.) and Theni (T.N.) for Banana
- Nasik (Maharashtra) for Grapes
- Siphahijala (Tripura) for Pineapple
- Solapur (Maharashtra) and Chitradurga (Karnataka) for Pomegranate
- West Jaintia Hills (Meghalaya) for Turmeric
- Horticulture Cluster Development Programme is a central sector programme. It will be implemented by the National Horticulture Board (NHB) of the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare
- It aims at growing and developing identified horticulture clusters to make them globally competitive.
- Horticulture CDP will benefit about 10 lakh farmers. It will attract an investment of Rs 10,000 crore when implemented in all the 53 clusters.
- National Horticulture Board (NHB):
- It was set up by the government in 1984.
- It is headquartered at Gurugram.
- It was set up on the basis of recommendations of "Group on Perishable Agricultural Commodities", headed by Dr. M. S. Swaminathan.
4. Kuldeep Singh given additional charge of National Investigation Agency (NIA) chief.
- Kuldeep Singh has been given additional charge of the National Investigation Agency (NIA) chief.
- Kuldeep Singh is currently serving as Director-General of the Central Reserve Police Force.
- Kuldeep Singh has replaced NIA Chief Yogesh Chander Modi (YC Modi), who retired on 31 May.
- National Investigation Agency (NIA):
- It was constituted under the provision of the NIA act 2008 in 2009.
- It is a central agency to investigate any terror-related cases across the country.
- Headquarters: New Delhi
- At present, it has nine branches in India.
Topic: International News
5. China allowed couples to have three children.
- China allowed all married couples to have three children. It has ended the two-child policy.
- China had relaxed the one-child policy in 2016 and allowed people to have a second child. The two-child policy failed to boost birth rates.
- The lower birthrate will lead to a bigger elderly population and it will affect the economic growth of China. It will also increase spending on pensions and health care.
- Birth rates in China have fallen for four consecutive years. In 2020, the number of babies born was the lowest since 1961.
- China's annual birth rate has fallen to a record low of 12 million in 2020. Its fertility rate is 1.3 which is lower than the fertility rate to maintain the population stable.
- Despite adopting a two-child policy birth rates have not increased due to financial pressures on parents.
- However, the government is also considering for increasing the age of retirement.
6. Sanjeet won Gold medal at Asian Boxing Championships.
- Indian boxer Sanjeet won a Gold medal at the Asian Boxing Championships. He defeated Vassiliy Levit of Kazakhstan in the finals of men's 91kg.
- Amit Panghal and Shiva Thapa won Silver medals. Amit Panghal lost to Olympic champion Zoirov Shakhobidin in the 52 kg category.
- Thapa lost to Baatarsukh Chinzorig in the final of men's 64 kg category.
- India won two gold, five silver, and eight bronze medals at the Asian Boxing Championships.
- Pooja Rani has won a gold medal in the 75kg Women’s category at Asian Boxing Championships
- The Asian Boxing Championships were held from 24 to 31 May 2021 in Dubai, UAE.
(Source: News on AIR)
Topic: New Developments
7. IIT Ropar developed India’s first indigenous temperature data logger for cold chain management.
- IIT Ropar has developed “AmbiTAG”, India’s first indigenous temperature data logger for the cold chain management.
- It will record the real-time temperature of the surrounding during the transportation of perishable products, vaccines, and body organs.
- With the help of temperature variation, the device will tell that whether the item transported is still usable or not.
- AmbiTag can record the temperature of its immediate surroundings in any time zone. It can record temperature for 90 days on a single charge.
- It generates an alert when the temperature goes beyond a pre-set limit.
- It has been developed under Technology Innovation Hub – AWaDH (Agriculture and Water Technology Development Hub) and its Startup ScratchNest.
- It will help in the transportation of COVID vaccines. It can also monitor the temperature of animal semen during transportation.
Topic: New Developments
8. Scientists have developed an Artificial Synaptic Network for mimicking human brain.
- Scientists have developed Artificial Synaptic Network that can mimic human brain cognitive actions. It is more efficient than conventional techniques in working like Artificial Intelligence.
- The human brain comprises billions of neurons that are interconnected with each other via axons and dendrites. The complex structure of neurons forms a junction called a synapse. This complex structure provides superior cognitive abilities.
- At present, conventional computing platforms consume more energy than the brain in performing parallel processing of work.
- To overcome this bottleneck, scientists were trying to develop an Artificial Synaptic device that can mimic complex psychological behaviors without the aid of external supporting (CMOS) circuits.
- Scientists from Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research have fabricated a new approach for developing an artificial synaptic network (ASN).
- Scientists from Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research have discovered a material system mimicking neuronal bodies and axonal network connectivity much like the biological system.
- A prototype kit has been developed for imitation of dog behavior, which will show the potential of this device towards neuromorphic artificial intelligence.
Topic: Books and Authors
9. Ravi Shastri's book 'Stargazing' to release this year
- Indian Cricketer Ravi Shastri has written a book titled 'Stargazing: The Players in My Life'. This is the first book of Ravi Shastri.
- It will be published by HarperCollins India and it is expected to be out in 2021.
- Ravi Shastri has written about 60 extraordinary talented people. These people have inspired him most in life.
- Ayaz Memon is the co-author of this book.
- Ravi Shastri:
- He is a former Indian cricketer and former commentator.
- At present, He is the coach of India’s national cricket team.
- He played international cricket from 1981 to 1992.
10. Vice Admiral Kiran Deshmukh takes charge as Controller Warship Production and Acquisition on 31 May 2021.
- Vice Admiral Kiran Deshmukh has taken charge as Controller Warship Production and Acquisition on 31 May 21.
- He was commissioned into the Indian Navy on 31 March 1986. He is a post graduate from Defence Services Staff College, Wellington.
- He has served on board frontline ships like Rajput Class, Delhi Class and Tabar Class.
- He has received Ati Visisht Seva Medal (AVSM) and Visisht Seva Medal (VSM) for his distinguished service.
Topic: Important Days
11. 1 June observed as the Global Day of Parents throughout the world.
- 1 June is observed annually as the Global Day of Parents throughout the world.
- Global Day of Parents is an opportunity to appreciate all parents for their selfless commitment to children.
- Global Day of Parents also provides an opportunity to children to appreciate parents sacrifice in nurturing this relationship.
- UN General Assembly proclaimed 1 June as Global Day of Parents in 2012.
- Year 1994 was proclaimed by UN General Assembly as International Year of the Family.
- In 1993, UN General Assembly decided that 15 May of every year as International Day of Families.
Topic: Environment and Ecology
12. A team of zoologists found a subgenus of cricket under the genus Arachnomimus Saussure.
- A team of zoologists have found a subgenus of cricket under the genus Arachnomimus Saussure in the Kurra caves of Chhattisgarh in April 2021.
- The subgenus was named as Jayanti after Professor Jayant Biswas, one of the leading cave explorers in India.
- Arachnomimus is the genus name given to crickets that resembles spiders. Crickets of Arachnomimus group are commonly known as spider crickets due to their smaller body size and long legs.
- Crickets are known for loud calls, especially at night. Male crickets produce sounds and females listen to these sound using ears located on their legs.
- Males of new Jayanti subgenus cannot produce sound and their females don’t have ears.
- Crickets are insects. They have cylindrically-shaped bodies, round heads, and long antennae.